In September of this year, MBC conducted a second successful cycad expedition to Panama in as many years, thanks to the generosity of a private donor. This year’s expedition was again conducted in collaboration with Dr. Alberto Taylor, cycad researcher at the University of Panama. Intended to answer questions regarding the “groove-leafed” cycads of the Bocas del Toro region of northwestern Panama, the 2005 expedition actually generated many more questions than answers. Additional work will be needed to sort out this convoluted and controversial species complex and Montgomery Botanical Center looks forward to continued collaborative work in the region.