Using the Montgomery Living Collections
Living collections are vital for basic scientific research.

The collections at Montgomery Botanical Center have been structured and curated specifically to serve the research and educational community. This follows the tradition of Colonel Robert Montgomery, and the MBC Founder, Nell Montgomery. Below, works which utilized the living collections at MBC are listed. The collections have been used for evolutionary, taxonomic, physiological, ecological, structural, and horticultural research, and also for textbooks, reference books, and popular works.


Guttiérez-Ortega, J.A., M. A. Pérez-Farrera, A. Matsuo, M. P. Sato, Y. Suyama, M. Calonje, A.P. Vovides, T. Kajita, & Y. Watano. 2023. The phylogenetic reconstruction of the Neotropical cycad genus Ceratozamia (Zamiaceae) reveals disparate patterns of niche evolution. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution Volume 190, January 2024, 107960.

Gutierrez-Ortega, J.S., M. Angel Perez-Farrera, S. Lopez and A.P. Vovides. 2023. Demographic history and species delimitation of three Zamia species (Zamiaceae) in south-eastern Mexico: Z. katzeriana is not a product of hybridization. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 202 (1):110–133.

Salzman, S., A. Dahake, W. Kandalaft, W.A. Valencia-Montoya, M. Calonje, C.D. Specht, R.A. Raguso. 2023. Cone humidity is a strong attractant in an obligate cycad pollination system. Current Biology 33(9), 1654-1664.

Segalla, R., R. Soares-Pimenta, and M. Calonje. 2023. Zamia multidentata (Cycadales, Zamiaceae), a new arborescent species of Zamia from Acre, Brazil. Phytotaxa 598 (1): 021-031. 19 May 2023.

Sierra-Botero, L., M. Calonje, R.K. Robbins, N. Rosser, N.E. Pierce, C. López-Gallego, W.A. Valencia-Montoya. Cycad phylogeny predicts host plant use of Eumaeus butterflies. Ecology and Evolution 13 (4): April 2023 e9978.


Habib, S, Y Gong, S Dong, A Lindstrom, D Stevenson, Y Liu, H Wu, S Zhang. 2022. Phylotranscriptomics reveal the spatio-temporal distribution and morphological evolution of Macrozamia, an Australian endemic genus of Cycadales. Ann. Bot. 130: 671–685.

Martínez-Domínguez, L., F. Nicolalde-Morejó, F. Vergara-Silva, & D. W. Stevenson. 2022. Ceratozamia oliversacksii (Zamiaceae), a new species of gymnosperm from western Oaxaca, Mexico.  Kew Bull. 77: 211 – 219.

Martínez-Domínguez, L., F. Nicolalde-Morejón, F. Vergara-Silva, D. W. Stevenson. 2022. Monograph of Ceratozamia (Zamiaceae, Cycadales): an endangered genus. PhytoKeys 208: 1-102.

Martínez-Domínguez, L., F. Nicolalde-Morejón, F. Vergara-Silva & D. W. Stevenson. 2022. Temporal shifts in reproductive phenology of cycads: a comparative study in Ceratozamia. Botany 100: 827–838.

Martínez-Gómez, J, T A M Atluri, I J Rose, A J Holliday, C Strock, J Lynche, W Miller, D Stevenson, C D Specht. 2022. Developmental morphology and anatomy shed light on both parallel and convergent evolution of the umbellate inflorescence in Monocots. Frontiers in Plant Science 13: Article 873505

Osborne, R. & D. Stevenson. 2022. Charles Joseph Chamberlain (1863–1943), pioneering American cycad biologist. Cycad 6(1): 9-12.

Osborne, R. & D. Stevenson. 2022. Eduard August von Regel (1815–1892) – Pioneer in the field of cycad biology. Cycad 6(2): 20-24.

Rothwell, G. R., R. A. Stockey, D. W. Stevenson, & C. Zumajo-Cardona.2022. Large permineralized seeds in the Jurassic of Haida Gwaii, Western Canada: Exploring the mode and tempo of cycad evolution.  Int. J. Pl. Sci. 183(8): 674-690.

Sánchez-Tinoco, M. Ydelia, Stevenson, Wm. Dennis, Vovides, P. Andrew, Alonso  López, Alejandro, Iglesias  Andreu,  Lourdes G., García Moya, Edmundo & Hernández Zárate, Galdy. In press. Salient ovule features of Zamia furfuracea L.f. (Zamiaceae) Cycadales: Early stages of megagametophytogenesis. 2022. Flora 296: November 2022, 152168

Skubatz , H., Calonje , M., & Tang , W. 2022. Evidence for the Role of Salicylic Acid in Thermoregulation in Sporophylls of Male Cones of Six Cycad Species. Asian Journal of Research in Botany8(3), 23–30.

Stevenson, DW. 2022.  Epilogue. Pp. 245–257 in MD Carrasco et al (ed.), Under the Shade of Thipaak: The Ethnobotany of Cycads in Mesoamerica and the Caribbean. University Press of Florida, Tallahassee.

Stevenson, DW, L Martínez-Domínguez, F Nicolalde-Morejón. Focus on … Ceratozamia osbornei D.W.Stev., Mart.-Domínguez & Nic.-Mor. 2022. The Cycad Newsletter 42(3):17-22.

Timilsina, PR, EK Wafula, CF Barrett, S Ayyampalayam, J McNeal, JD Rentsch, MR McKain, K Heyduk, A Harkess, M Villegente, J G Conran, N Illing, B Fogliani, C Ane, JC Pires, J Davis, W B Zomlefer, D W Stevenson, S W Graham, T Givnish, J Leebens-Mack, CW dePamphilis. 2022. Phylogenomic resolution of order-and family-level monocot relationships using 602 single copy nuclear genes and 1375 BUSCO genes.  Frontiers in Plant Science:

Timilsena, PR, CF Barrett, AP Nelson, EK Wafula, S Ayyampalayam, JR McNeal,T Yukawa, TJ Givnish, SWGraham, J Pires, J Leebens-Mack, E Martínez-Salas, ER  Álvarez-Buylla and CW dePamphilis.  2022. Phylotranscriptomic analyses of mycoheterotrophic monocots show a continuum of evolutionary changes in expressed nuclear genes from three independent nonphotosynthetic lineages. Genome Biology & Evolution: evac183.



Photo of Zhang Yong-Jiang using a microscope
Photo of Zhang Yong-Jiang using a microscope
Photo of Zhang Yong-Jiang using a microscope

Barbosa, C.M., Maia, A.C.D., Martel, C., Regueira, J.C.S., Navarro, D.D.A., Raguso, R.A., Milet‐Pinheiro, P. and Machado, I.C., 2021. Reproductive biology of Syagrus coronata (Arecaceae): sex‐biased insect visitation and the unusual case of scent emission by peduncular bracts. Plant Biology23(1), pp.100-110.

Calonje, M., Hernandez, J.C., Coca, L.F., Jaramillo, D. and Aristizabal, A., 2021. Two new species of Zamia (Zamiaceae, Cycadales) from the Magdalena-Urabá moist forests ecoregion of northern Colombia. Phytotaxa497(1), pp.1-19.

Carricarte, G. 2021. Tropical Obsession. Coral Gables Magazine (April 2021): 74-80.

Christenhusz, M.J., Chase, M.W., Fay, M.F., Hidalgo, O., Leitch, I.J., Pellicer, J. and Viruel, J., 2021. Biogeography and genome size evolution of the oldest extant vascular plant genus, Equisetum (Equisetaceae). Annals of Botany127(5), pp.681-695.

Griffith, M. P., F. Cartwright, M. Dosmann, J. Fant, E. Freid, K. Havens, B. Jestrow, A. T. Kramer, T. M. Magellan, A. W. Meerow, A. Meyer, V. Sanchez, E. Santiago-Valentin, E. Spence, J. A. Sutasche Sustache, J. Francisco-Ortega, and S. Hoban. 2021. Ex Situ Conservation of Large and Small Plant Populations Illustrates Limitations of Common Conservation Metrics. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 182(4), pp. 263–276.

Jestrow, B., Cinea, W., Peguero, B., Husby, C. and Francisco‐Ortega, J., 2021. 966. CLAVIJA DOMINGENSIS: Primulaceae. Curtis’s Botanical Magazine38(1), pp.3-18.

Kolbe, J.J., Moniz, H.A., Lapiedra, O. and Thawley, C.J., 2021. Bright lights, big city: an experimental assessment of short-term behavioral and performance effects of artificial light at night on Anolis lizards. Urban Ecosystems, pp.1-11.

LaGreca, S. A., G. B. Perlmutter, D. H. Goldman, F. C. Seavey, and J. L. Seavey. 2021. Lichen diversity on an arborescent runner oak (Quercus pumila) in South Florida, USA. Evansia 38(1): 2021.

Liénard, M. A. , G. D. Bernard, A. Allen,  J-M. Lassance,  S. Song,  R. Rabideau Childers,  N. Yu, D. Ye, A. Stephenson,  W. A. Valencia-Montoya,  S. Salzman,  M. R. L. Whitaker, M. Calonje, F. Zhang, and N. E. Pierce. 2021. The evolution of red color vision is linked to coordinated rhodopsin tuning in lycaenid butterflies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 118 (6) e2008986118.

Majure, L. C., D. Barrios, E. Díaz, B. A. Zumwalde, W. Testo, and V. Negrón-Ortíz. 2021. Pleistocene aridification underlies the evolutionary history of the Caribbean endemic, insular, giant Consolea (Opuntioideae). American Journal of Botany 108(2): 200-215.

Nieto‐Blázquez, M.E., Peña‐Castillo, L. and Roncal, J., 2021. Historical biogeography of Caribbean Podocarpus does not support the progression rule. Journal of Biogeography48(3), pp.690-702.

Noblick L.R., and Tucker Lima, J.M. The lone Attalea of the Caribbean, Attalea crassispatha, and the efforts to preserve it. The Palm Journal 221:4-8.

Salzman, S., Crook, D., Calonje, M., Stevenson, D.W., Pierce, N.E. and Hopkins, R., 2021. Cycad-weevil pollination symbiosis is characterized by rapidly evolving and highly specific plant-insect chemical communication. Frontiers in Plant Science12.

Taylor, N.P., 2021. Notes on cultivated Pereskia quisqueyana and related species (Cactaceae). Bradleya2021(39), pp.69-110.

Tucker Lima, J.M., Reyes, J. and Salman, N., 2021. Flower Color Variation in Attalea phalerata (Arecaceae) Revisited. Palms65(1).

Valdes, I., Tucker Lima, J. M., Noblick, L. R. 2021. Pollination of Nypa fruticans (Wurmb.) in a South Florida botanic garden. Journal of Pollination Ecology 27(5), 2021, pp 57-64

Whitaker, M. R. L., S. Salzman, X. Gratacos, J. M. Tucker Lima. 2021. Localized Overabundance of an Otherwise Rare Butterfly Threatens Endangered Cycads. Florida Entomologist 103(4):519-522.

Zumajo, C., S. Frangos & D. Stevenson. 2021. Seed anatomy and development in Cycads and Ginkgo, keys for understanding the evolution of seeds. Flora 285: 151951.



Coiro, M., N. Jelmini, H. Neuenschwander, M.A. Calonje, A.P. Vovides, J.E. Mickle, and M.R. Barone Lumaga. 2020. Evolutionary signal of leaflet anatomy in the Zamiaceae. International Journal of Plant Sciences.

Diamond, J.M. and M.S. Ross. 2020. Overlap in reproductive phenology increases the likelihood of cavity nest usurpation by invasive species in a tropical city. The Condor: Ornithological Applications 122:1–13. DOI: 10.1093/condor/duaa013

Griffith, M. P., T. Clase, P. Toribio, Y. Encarnación Piñeyro, F. Jimenez, X. Gratacos, V. Sanchez, A. Meerow, A. Meyer, A. Kramer, J. Fant, K. Havens, T. M. Magellan, M. Dosmann, and S. Hoban. In press 2020. Can a botanic garden metacollection better conserve wild plant diversity?  A case study comparing pooled collections to an ideal sampling model. International Journal of Plant Sciences 181: 485-496.

Harris, P. (M.) and S. Purkis. 2020. Impact of facies and diagenetic variability on permeability and fluid flow in an oolitic grainstone—Pleistocene Miami Oolite. Depositional Rec.

Hoban, S., T. Callicrate, J. Clark, S. Deans, M. Dosmann, J. Fant, O. Gailing, K. Havens, A.L. Hipp, P. Kadav, A.T. Kramer, M. Lobdell, T. Magellan, A.W. Meerow, A. Meyer, M. Pooler, V. Sanchez, E. Spence, P. Thompson, R. Toppila, S. Walsh, M. Westwood, J. Wood and M.P. Griffith. 2020. Taxonomic similarity does not predict necessary sample size for ex situ conservation: a comparison among five genera. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 287(1926): 20200102.

Koenemann, D.M. and J.M. Burke. 2020. A Molecular Phylogeny for the Genus Coccoloba (Polygonaceae) with an Assessment of Biogeographic Patterns. Systematic Botany 24(3): 567-579(9).

Liénard, M.A., G.D. Bernard, A.A. Allen, J.-M. Lassance, S. Song, R. Rabideau Childers, N. Yu, D. Ye, A. Stephenson, W. Valencia Montoya, S. Salzman, M.R.L. Whitaker, M. Calonje, N.E. Pierce. 2020. The evolution of red colour vision is linked to coordinated rhodopsin tuning in lycaenid butterflies. bioRxiv.

Marler, T. and M. Calonje. 2020. Two Cycad Species Affect the Carbon, Nitrogen, and Phosphorus Content of Soils. Horticulturae 6(2): 24.

Martínez-Domínguez, L., F. Nicolalde-Morejón, F. Vergara-Silva, D.W. Stevenson. 2020. Pollination of cycads in an urban environment. Botany

Noblick, L. R., S. Wintergerst, D. Noblick, and J. Tucker Lima. 2020. Syagrus coronata (Arecaceae) phenology and the impact of fire on survival and reproduction of the licuri palm. Sitientibus série Ciências Biológicas 20: 10.13102/scb4908

Perrard, A. 2020. Wasp waist and flight: convergent evolution in wasps reveals a link between wings and body shapes. American Naturalist 195 (2): 181-191. 10.1086/706914. hal-02495574

Rossetto-Harris, G., P. Wilf, I.H. Escapa, A. Andruchow-Colombo. 2020. Eocene Araucaria Sect. Eutacta from Patagonia and floristic turnover during the initial isolation of South America. American Journal of Botany.

Salzman, S., D. Crook, J. D. Crall, R. Hopkins, and N. E. Pierce. 2020. An ancient push-pull pollination mechanism in cycads. Science Advances 6 (24): eaay6169.  DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aay6169

Thawley, C.J. and J.J. Kolbe. 2020. Artificial light at night increases growth and reproductive output in Anolis lizards. Proc. R. Soc. B 287: 20191682.




The cover of the 2016 edition of The Botany of Mangroves by Dr. Philip Barry Tomlinson
The cover of the 2016 edition of The Botany of Mangroves by Dr. Philip Barry Tomlinson
The cover of the 2016 edition of The Botany of Mangroves by Dr. Philip Barry Tomlinson

Barrett, C.F., B. T. Sinn, L. T. King, J. C. Medina, C. D. Bacon, S. C. Lahmeyer, and D. R. Hodel. 2019. Phylogenomics, biogeography and evolution in the American genus Brahea (Arecaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 190(3): 242-259.

Barrett, C.F., McKain, M.R., Sinn, B.T., Ge, X.J., Zhang, Y., Antonelli, A. and Bacon, C.D., 2019. Ancient polyploidy and genome evolution in palms. Genome biology and evolution 11(5): 1501–1511.

Battles, A. C. and J. J. Kolbe. 2019. Miami heat: Urban heat islands influence the thermal suitability of habitats for ectotherms. Global change biology 25(2): 562-576.

Bonta, M., Pulido-Silva, M.T., Diego-Vargas, T., Vite-Reyes, A., Vovides, A.P. and A. CibriánJaramillo. 2019. Ethnobotany of Mexican and northern Central American cycads (Zamiaceae). Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 15(1): 4.

Borsuk, A.M. and C. R. Brodersen. 2019. The spatial distribution of chlorophyll in leaves. Plant physiology 180(3): 1406-1417.

Calonje, M., Meerow, A.W., Griffith, M.P., Salas-Leiva, D., Vovides, A.P., Coiro, M. and J. Francisco-Ortega.  2019. A Time-Calibrated Species Tree Phylogeny of the New World Cycad Genus Zamia L. (Zamiaceae, Cycadales). International Journal of Plant Sciences 180(4): 286-314.

Christenhusz, M.J., Bangiolo, L., Chase, M.W., Fay, M.F., Husby, C., Witkus, M. and J. Viruel. 2019. Phylogenetics, classification and typification of extant horsetails (Equisetum, Equisetaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 189(4): 311-352.

Clugston, J.A., Kenicer, G.J., Milne, R., Overcast, I., Wilson, T.C. and Nagalingum, N.S., 2019. RADseq as a valuable tool for plants with large genomes—A case study in cycads. Molecular ecology resources.

De Freitas, J., J. Camilleri, S. Van Eijk, V. Posno, I. Valdes, Q.  Coolen, J. Van Blerk and M. P. Griffith. 2019. Sabalpalm (Sabal antillensis) Recovery Over 40 Years: Lessons for Successful Palm Conservation. Palms 63(2).

Dulai, A., E. Boglárka, G. Mihály, M. Hyzny, K. Tibor, K. Zsolt, K. László, K. Szabolcs Attila, L. György, O. Péter, S. Márton, K. Zágorsek. 2019. Eocén élővilág a Kárpát-medencében – Üvegház -22 millió éven át. Magyar Természettudományi Múzeum – Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest.  ISBN: 978-615-80345-2-4

Edelman, S.M. and J.H. Richards.  2019. Review of Vegetative Branching in the Palms (Arecaceae). The Botanical Review 85(1): 40-77.

Elias, G.A., Lima, J.M.T. and R.D. Santos. 2019. Threatened flora from the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil: Arecaceae. Hoehnea 46(1): e052018.

Elias, G.A., Giehl, E.L.H., De Gasper, A.L., Lima, J.M.T. and R. Dos Santos. 2019. Extremos de baixa temperatura influenciam tanto a presença quanto a riqueza de espécies de palmeiras na Mata Atlântica, sul do Brasil. Ecología Austral 29: 041-049.

Erdei, B., M. Coiro, I. Miller, K. R. Johnson, M. P. Griffith, and V. Murphy. 2019. First cycad seedling foliage from the fossil record and inferences for the Cenozoic evolution of cycads. Biology letters 15(7): 20190114.

Guerin, C., Serret, J., Montúfar, R., Vaissayre, V., Bastos-Siqueira, A., Durand-Gasselin, T., Tregear, J., Morcillo, F. and Dussert, S., 2019. Palm seed and fruit lipid composition: phylogenetic and ecological perspectives. Annals of botany.

de Jesus Suarez-Moo, P., Vovides, A.P., Griffith, M.P., Barona-Gomez, F. and A. Cibrián-Jaramillo. 2019. Unlocking a high bacterial diversity in the coralloid root microbiome from the cycad genus Dioon. PloS one 14(2): e0211271.

Negrin, A., C. Long, T. J. Motley, and E. J. Kennelly. 2019. LC-MS Metabolomics and Chemotaxonomy of Caffeine-Containing Holly (Ilex) Species and Related Taxa in the Aquifoliaceae. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 67(19): 5687-5699.

Noblick, L.R. 2019. Guide to the palms of Northeastern Brazil. UEFS Editora, Feira de Santana.

Noblick, L.R., A. Street, and M. Barros. 2019. Coccothrinax viridescens (Arecaceae: Coryphoideae), a new species. Phytotaxa 413(1): 1-10.

Pichardo-Marcano, F.J., Nieto-Blázquez, M.E., MacDonald, A.N., Galeano, G. and J. Roncal. 2019. Phylogeny, historical biogeography and diversification rates in an economically important group of Neotropical palms: Tribe Euterpeae. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 133: 67-81.

Prior, N., Little, S.A., Boyes, I., Griffith, P., Husby, C., Pirone-Davies, C., Stevenson, D.W., Tomlinson, P.B. and P. von Aderkas. 2019. Complex reproductive secretions occur in all extant gymnosperm lineages: a proteomic survey of gymnosperm pollination drops. Plant reproduction 32(2): 153-166.

Salzman, S. 2019. The ecology and evolution of cycads and their symbionts. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.

Segalla, R. and M. Calonje. 2019. Zamia brasiliensis, a new species of Zamia (Zamiaceae, Cycadales) from Mato Grosso and Rondônia, Brazil. Phytotaxa 404(1): 1-11.

Segalla, R., Telles, F.J., Pinheiro, F. and Morellato, P., 2019. A Review of Current Knowledge of Zamiaceae, With Emphasis on Zamia From South America. Tropical Conservation Science12, p.1940082919877479.

Skubatz, H., M. Calonje, and W. Tang. 2019. Thermogenesis in male cones of four cycad species. Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology 31(2): 287-293.

Sweirk, L., 2019. Anolis cristatellus (Puerto Rican Crested Anole) and Anolis sagrei (Brown Anole). Interspecific mating. Herpetological Review50, p.2.

Thawley, C.J., Moniz, H.A., Merritt, A.J., Battles, A.C., Michaelides, S.N. and J.J. Kolbe. 2019. Urbanization affects body size and parasitism but not thermal preferences in Anolis lizards. Journal of Urban Ecology 5(1): juy031.

Yang, Y., Chen, Y.S., Zhang, J.W., Sun, L. and H. Sun. 2019. Phylogenetics and historical biogeography of the mock buckthorn genus (Sageretia, Rhamnaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 189(3): 244-261.


The cover of the 2016 edition of The Botany of Mangroves by Dr. Philip Barry Tomlinson
The cover of the 2016 edition of The Botany of Mangroves by Dr. Philip Barry Tomlinson
The cover of the 2016 edition of The Botany of Mangroves by Dr. Philip Barry Tomlinson
The cover of the 2016 edition of The Botany of Mangroves by Dr. Philip Barry Tomlinson
The cover of the 2016 edition of The Botany of Mangroves by Dr. Philip Barry Tomlinson

Barrett, C., Sinn, B., King, L., Medina, J., Bacon, C., Lahmeyer, S. and Hodel, D. 2018. Phylogenomics, biogeography, and evolution in the American palm genus Brahea. bioRxiv. p.467779.

Battles, A.C., Moniz, M. and Kolbe, J.J., 2018. Living in the big city: preference for broad substrates results in niche expansion for urban Anolis lizards. Urban Ecosystems 21(6): 1087-1095.

Battles, A.C. and J.J. Kolbe. 2018. Miami heat: Urban heat islands influence the thermal suitability of habitats for ectotherms. Global change biology 25(2): 562-576.

Calonje, M., Lopez-Gallego, C. and Castro, J., 2018. Zamia paucifoliolata, a new species of Zamia (Zamiaceae, Cycadales) from Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Phytotaxa 385(2): 85-93 (cover at right).

Calonje C. , M. A. Calonje, and C. E. Husby. 2018. Cycad Sex Ratios at Montgomery Botanical Center.  In, Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117.

Cano, Á., C. D. Bacon, F. W. Stauffe, A. Antonelli, M. L. Serrano-Serrano, M. Perret. 2018. The roles of dispersal and mass extinction in shaping palm diversity across the Caribbean. Journal of Biogeography.

Ciofalo, A.J., Keegan, W.F., Pateman, M.P., Pagán-Jiménez, J.R. and Hofman, C.L., 2018. Determining precolonial botanical foodways: starch recovery and analysis, Long Island, The Bahamas. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 21: 305-317.

Clugston J. A. R., M. P. Griffith, G. J. Kenicer, C. E. Husby, M. A. Calonje, D. P. Little, and D. Wm. Stevenson. 2018. Reproductive Phenology of Zamia L.: A Comparison Between Wild Cycads and Their Cultivated Counterparts. In,Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117.

Commock, T., Rose, P.E., Campbell, K.C.S.E., Jestrow, B. and J. Francisco-Ortega.  2018. Jamaica’s endemic plant genera: updates in research, taxonomic knowledge, phytogeography and conservation. Webbia 73(2): 247-268.

Cox, P.A., Banack, S. and Murch, S., Institute for EthnoMedicine, 2018. Screening for neurotoxic amino acid associated with neurological disorders. U.S. Patent Application 10/048,278

Edelman, S. and J. H. Richards. 2018. Morphology and architecture of the threatened Florida palm Acoelorrhaphe wrightii (Arecaceae: Coryphoideae). Candollea 73(1):49-59.

Erdei, B. M. Calonje, A. Hendy, and N. Espinosa. 2018. A review of the Cenozoic fossil record of the genus Zamia L. (Zamiaceae, Cycadales) with recognition of a new species from the late Eocene of Panama – evolution and biogeographic inferences. Bulletin of Geosciences 93(2): 185-204.

Griffith, M.P., G. Barber, J. Tucker Lima, M. Barros, C. Calonje, L.R. Noblick, M. Calonje, T.M. Magellan, M. Dosmann, T, Thibault, and N. Gerlowski. 2017 (2018). Plant Collection “Half-life:” Can Botanic Gardens Weather the Climate? Curator the Museum Journal 60(4): 395-410 (Cover, page 1).

Harris, P., S. Purkis, and B. Reyes. 2018. Statistical pattern analysis of surficial karst in the Pleistocene Miami oolite of South Florida. Sedimentary Geology367: 84-95.

Hogan, J., Zimmerman, J., Thompson, J., Uriarte, M., Swenson, N., Condit, R., Hubbell, S., Johnson, D., Sun, I., Chang-Yang, C.H. and S.H. Su. 2018. The frequency of cyclonic wind storms shapes tropical forest dynamism and functional trait dispersion. Forests 9(7): 404.

Hua, C., S. Salzman, N. E. Pierce. 2018. A First Record of Anatrachyntis badia (Hodges 1962) (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae) on Zamia integrifolia (Zamiaceae). Florida Entomologist, 101(2):335-338.

Husby C.E., V. Murphy, C. Calonje, and M. A. Calonje. 2018. Evaluating Inorganic Container Media for Cultivation of Cycads. In, Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117.

Jestrow, B., Peguero, B., Jiménez, F., Verdecia, R., González-Oliva, L., Moya, C.E., Cinea, W., Griffith, M.P., Meerow, A.W., Maunder, M. and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2018. A conservation framework for the Critically Endangered endemic species of the Caribbean palm Coccothrinax. Oryx 52(3): 452-463.

Khuraijam, J.S., Singh, R., Calonje, M. and J. Mazumdar. 2018. (2653) Proposal to conserve the name Cycas pectinata (Cycadaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 67(6): 1213-1213.

Khuraijam, J.S., Singh, R., Calonje, M. and J. Mazumdar. 2018. Lectotypification of Cycas beddomei (Cycadaceae). Phytotaxa 383(1): 121-124.

Li, Y., Huang, Y.T., Kasson, M.T., Macias, A.M., Skelton, J., Carlson, P.S., Yin, M. and J. Hulcr. 2018. Specific and promiscuous ophiostomatalean fungi associated with Platypodinae ambrosia beetles in the southeastern United States. Fungal Ecology 35: 42-50.

Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117.

Lopez-Gallego C. 2018. Understanding Life History of Zamia Species Using Datafrom Field Studies and Botanical Collections. In, Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117.

Magellan, T.M., M.P. Griffith, A. Ricciardi, B.A. Huggett, and P.B. Tomlinson. 2018. A Novel Type of Fiber in the Leaves of the Cycad Dioon. International Journal of Plant Sciences 179 (3) 231-240 (Cover).

Magellan T.M., M. P. Griffith, C. E. Husby, and S. Cuestas. 2018. Spent Coffee Grounds, Insect Control, and Plant Health in Cycads. In, Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117.

Meerow, A.W., Salas-Leiva, D.E., Calonje, M., Francisco-Ortega, J., Griffith, M.P., Nakamura, K., Jiménez-Rodríguez, F., Lawrus, J. and A. Oberli. 2018. Contrasting Demographic History and Population Structure of Zamia (Cycadales: Zamiaceae) on Six Islands of the Greater Antilles Suggests a Model for Population Diversification in the Caribbean Clade of the Genus. International Journal of Plant Sciences 179(9): 730-757.

Meerow A.W., D. Salas-Leiva, M. Calonje, J. Francisco-Ortega, M.P. Griffith, K. Nakamura, F. Jiménez- Rodríguez, J. Lawrus & A. Oberli. Adaptive convergence in Caribbean Zamia. Cycad 3(2): 2021.

Meerow A.W., D. E. Salas-Leiva, J. Francisco-Ortega, M. P. Griffith, M. A. Calonje, D. Wm. Stevenson, and K. Nakamura. 2018. Phylogeography and Conservation Geneticsof the Caribbean Zamia Clade: An Integrated Systematic Approach with SSRs and Single Copy Nuclear Genes. In, Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117. 

Nepi, M., S. Little, M. Guarnieri, D. Nocentini, N. Prior, J. Gill, P. B. Tomlinson, S. M. Ickert-Bond, C. Pirone, E. Pacini and P. von Aderkas. 2017.Phylogenetic and functional signals in gymnosperm ovular secretions. Annals of Botany. 12): 923-936 (Cover, page 5)

Noblick, L. R. 2018. Syagrus guaratingensis, a New Species from Bahia, Brazil. Palm 62(2):77-8.

Noblick, L.R., Tucker Lima, J.M., and Valdes, I.R., 2018. Nypa fruticans in the Western Atlantic: Potential for Recolonization?. Palms, 62(4).

O’Donnell, K. and S. Sharrock. 2018. Botanic Gardens Complement Agricultural Gene Bank in Collecting and Conserving Plant Genetic Diversity. Biopreservation and Biobanking 16(5): 384-390.

Perez, T.M., Valverde-Barrantes, O., Bravo, C., Taylor, T.C., Fadrique, B., Hogan, J.A., Pardo, C.J., Stroud, J.T., Baraloto, C. and K. J. Feeley. 2018. Botanic gardens are an untapped resource for studying the functional ecology of tropical plants. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 374(1763): 20170390.

Pichardo Marcano, F. J. 2018. Phylogeny and Historical Biogeography of the Neotropical Palm Tribe Euterpeae (Arecaceae). Master’s Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland. MBC collections used.

Rousseau P., P. J. Vorster, D. P. Little, and M. van der Bank. 2018. DNA Barcoding Africa’s Endemic Cycads. In, Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117.

Salzman, S., M. Whitaker, N. Pierce. 2018. Cycad-feeding insects share a core gut microbiome. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society.

Seibert, J.T., Abuajamieh M., Sanz Fernandez M.V., Johnson J.S., Kvidera S.K., Horst E., Mayorga E.J., Lei S., Patience J.F., Ross J.W., Rhoads R.P., Johnson R.C., Lonergan S.M., Perfield J.W., Baumgard L.H. 2018. Effects of heat stress and insulin sensitizers on pig adipose tissue. Journal of Animal Sciences 96(2): 510-520.

Stevenson D. Wm. , L. Stanberg, and M. A. Calonje. 2018. The World List of Cycads. In, Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117.

Tang W. 2018. Heat Production in Male Cones of Seven Asian Cycas Species (Cycadales). In, Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117.

W. Tang, N. Liu, A. Lindström, L. Tang, and M. A. Calonje. 2018. Cycas debaoensis Conservation Project—A Village-Based Approach. In, Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117.

Terry I, C. Calonje, M. A. Calonje, and T. E. Marler. 2018. Thermogenesis Patterns in Selected Cycas Species. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117:401. In, Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117.

Trotta, L.B., Baiser, B., Possley, J., Li, D., Lange, J., Martin, S. and E.B. Sessa. 2018. Community phylogeny of the globally critically imperiled pine rockland ecosystem. American Journal of Botany 105(10): 1735-1747.

Tucker Lima, J.M., Caruso, N.M., Clugston, J. and K.A. Kainer. 2018. Landscape change alters reproductive phenology and sex expression in Attalea palms (Arecaceae) of southwestern Amazonia. Plant Ecology 219(10): 1225-1245.

Vovides, A.P., Clugston, J.A., Gutiérrez-Ortega, J.S., Pérez-Farrera, M.A., Sánchez-Tinoco, M.Y. and S. Galicia. 2018. Epidermal morphology and leaflet anatomy of Dioon (Zamiaceae) with comments on climate and environment. Flora 239: 20-44.

Vovides A. P., M. P. Griffith, D. Wm. Stevenson, N. Li, Y. Li, S. Fang, D. Qian, Z. Zhong, A. Moretti, and K. van der Walt. 2018. Botanic Gardens Cycad Collections: 4th GBGC Symposium Report. In, Li Nan, D. W. Stevenson, and M. P. Griffith (editors). 2018. Cycad Biology and Conservation: The  9th International Conference on Cycad Biology. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 117. 

Wang, G., 2018. The Importance of ArbNet Accreditation Program for Arboreta. Dissertation, University of Toronto.

Zona, S., M. Hass,M. Fickerov´a, S. Mardonovich, K. Sanderford, J. Francisco-Ortega, and B. Jestrow. 2018. Mainland and Island Populations of Coccothrinax argentata (Arecaceae): Revisiting a Common Garden Experiment in its 18th Year. Systematic Botany 43(1): pp. 153–161.DOI 10.1600/036364418X696969.


The cover of The Cycad Newsletter March to June 2014
The cover of The Cycad Newsletter March to June 2014
The cover of The Cycad Newsletter March to June 2014

Anderson, L. 2017. Horticultural How to: Irrigation Technology at Montgomery Botanical Center. Public Garden 32(2): 24-25.

Bacon, C., M. Moraes R., C. Jaramillo, A. Antonelli. 2017.Endemic palm species shed light on habitat shifts and the assembly of the Cerrado and Restinga floras. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 110: 127–133.

Bateman, C. Y-T. Huang, D. R. Simmons, M. T. Kasson, E. L. Stanley, J. Hulcr. 2017. Ambrosia beetle Premnobius cavipennis (Scolytinae, Ipini) carries highly divergent ascomycotan ambrosia fungus, Afroraffaelea ambrosiae gen. nov. et sp. nov. (Ophiostomatales). Fungal Ecology 25: 41-49.

Bleistein, D. 2017. Arengas, Caryotas, and Wallichias. The Palm Jounral 214: 12-17.

Calonje, M., C. Calonje, G. Barber, P. Xaba, A. Lindstrom, and E.M. Agoo. 2017. Optimizing the long-term storage and viability testing of cycad pollen. Cycads 2:16-18.

Coiro, M. and C. Pott. 2017.Eobowenia gen. nov. from the Early Cretaceous of Patagonia: indication for an early divergence of Bowenia? BMC Evolutionary Biology17.97. DOI 10.1186/s12862-017-0943-x.

Cousins, S. R. and E. T. F. Witkowski. 2017. African Cycad Ecology, Ethnobotany and Conservation: A Synthesis. The Botanical Review 83(2): 152-194.

Cuestas, S. 2017. Things We Love This Spring: Silky Zubat Pole Saw. Public Garden 32(2): 30.

Edelman, S. 2017.Morphology, Architecture and Growth of a Clonal Palm, Acoelorrhaphe wrightii. Florida International University Electronic Theses and Dissertiations.187 pages.

Gauto, I., F. Palacios, P. Marchi, N. Silva, and G. Cespedes. 2017. Distribution and population status assessment of the endemic grass-like palm Butia marmorii (Arecales:Arecaceae) in Paraguay. Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(4): 10021-10034.

Griffith, M. P., M. Calonje, A. W. Meerow, J. Francisco-Ortega, L. Knowles, R. Aguilar, F. Tut, V. Sanchez, A. Meyer, L. R. Noblick, and T. M. Magellan. 2017. Will the ex situ protocols give similar results for closely related species? Biodiversity and Conservation. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-017-1400-2.

Griffith, M.P., G. Barber, J. Tucker Lima, M. Barros, C. Calonje, L.R. Noblick, M. Calonje, T.M. Magellan, M. Dosmann, T, Thibault, and N. Gerlowski. 2017. Plant Collection “Half-life:” Can Botanic Gardens Weather the Climate? Curator the Museum Journal 60(4): 395-410.

Griffith, M. P., J. de Freitas, M. Barros, and L. R. Noblick. 2017. Sabal antillensis (Arecaceae): a new palmetto species from the Leeward Antilles. Phytotaxa 303 (1): 056–064.

Huber, L. 2017. Conservation through Propagation: An interview with Larry Krauss, the originator of the Endangered Species Breeding Program at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Cycad Newsletter 39:14-15.

Jestrow, B., B. Peguero, F. Jimenez, R. Verdecia, L. Gonzalez-Oliva, C. E. Moya, W. Cinea, M. P. Griffith, A. W. Meerow, M. Maunder, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2017. A conservation framework for the Critically Endangered endemic species of the Caribbean palm Coccothrinax. Oryx. DOI: 10.1017/s0030605317000588.

Krieg, C., Watkins Jr J. E., Chambers S., and Husby C. E. 2017. Sex-specific differences in functional traits and resource acquisition in five cycad species. AoB PLANTS, 9(2).

McCluskey, K., J. P. Parsons, K. Quach, and C. S. Duke. 2017. An Evaluation of the status of living collections for plant, environmental, and microbial research. Journal of Biosciences 42(2): 321-331.

Metcalf, J. S. D. Lobner, S. A. Banack, G. A. Cox, P. B. Nunn, P. B. Wyatt, and P. A. Cox. 2017. Analysis of BMAA enantiomers in cycads, cyanobacteria, and mammals: in vivo formation and toxicity of D-DMAA. Amino Acids49(8):1427-1439. DOI: 10.1007/s00726-017-2445-y.

Nepi, M., S. Little, M. Guarnieri, D. Nocentini, N. Prior, J. Gill, P. B. Tomlinson, S. M. Ickert-Bond, C. Pirone, E. Pacini and P. von Aderkas. 2017. Phylogenetic and functional signals in gymnosperm ovular secretions. Annals of Botany. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcx103.

Noblick, L.R. 2017. Key to Syagrus identification using leaflet margin anatomy: Supplement to “A revision of Syagrus(Arecaceae).” PhytoKeys 81: 19-46.

Noblick, L. R. 2017. A revision of the genus Syagrus (Arecaceae). Phytotaxa 294(1):1-262.

Noblick, L.R. 2017. Voanioala, Beccariophoenix, and Ravenea at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 211: 12–19.

Prieto, R. O., G. Brull Puebla, M. A. Calonje, L. González-Oliva, J. Francisco-Ortega, and R. Chaves. 2017. Proyecto Estado de conservación de poblaciones de Zamiaceae en Cuba. Flora y Fauna 21(1): 19-25.

Rodriguez Lima, M., I Castaneda-Noa, C.E. Moya Lopez, D. Suarez Oropesa and D. R. Hodel. 2017. Hemithrinax ekmaniana, jewel of the Cuban Palms. Palms 61:123-134.

Salas-Leiva, D. E., A .W. Meerow, M. Calonje, J. Francisco-Ortega, M. P. Griffith, K. Nakamura, V. Sánchez, L. Knowles, and D. Knowles. 2017. Shifting Quaternary migration patterns in the Bahamian archipelago: Evidence from the Zamia pumila complex at the northern limits of the Caribbean island biodiversity hotspot. American Journal of Botany. Published online before print 17 May 2017, doi: 10.3732/ajb.1700054.

Sayers, J. 2017. Arengas and Caryotas in Southeast Asia. The Palm Journal 214: 24-29.

Stauffer, F.W., D. N. Ouattara, D. Roguet, S. de Giau, L. Michon, A. Bakayoko, and P. Ekpe. 2017. An update to the African palms (Arecaceae) floristic and taxonomic knowledge, with emphasis on the West African region. Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Geography.

Terry, I., and C. Calonje. 2017. Using cycads in ex-situ gardens for conservation and biological studies. Cycads 2: 5-6.

Thawley, C. J., A. C. Battles, S. N. Michaelides, J. J. Kolbe. 2017. Anolis equestris (Cuban Knight Anole). Herpetological Review 48:183-184.

Tucker Lima, J.M., and M. P. Griffith. 2017. The Nationally-Accreditied Tropical Conifer Collection at Montgomery Botanical Center. Public Garden 32: 18-19.

Vovides, A. P., J. A.R. Clugston, J. Said Gutiérrez-Ortega, M. A. Pérez-Farrera, M. Y. Sánchez-Tinoco, and S. Galicia. 2017. Epidermal morphology and leaflet anatomy of Dioon (Zamiaceae) with comments on climate and environment.” Flora 239: 20-44.


Anderson, Lee. 2016. Irrigation Management at the Montgomery Botanical Center. Florida Turf Digest. May/June 2016 33(3): 14-15.

Aplin, D. 2016. Chapter 3: No plant collection without a strategy or policy. Pp. 48-65 in From Idea to Realisation – BGCI’s Manual on Planning, Developing and Managing Botanic Gardens.

Baker, W. J. and J. Dransfield. 2016. Beyond Genera Palmarum: progress and prospects in palm systematics. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12401.

Botanic Gardens Conservation International. 2016. Cycads: A model group for ex situ plant conservation.

Calonje, M. 2016. In search of the world’s most massive seed cone. The Cycad Newsletter 38:3-5.

Calonje, M., C. Calonje, and S. Cuestas. 2016. In search of the world’s most massive seed cone. Encephalartos 124.

Castaño, F., Marquínez, X., Crèvecoeur, M., Collin, M., Stauffer, F.W. and Tregear, J.W., 2016. Comparison of Floral Structure and Ontogeny in Monoecious and Dioecious Species of the Palm Tribe Chamaedoreeae (Arecaceae; Arecoideae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 177:247-262.

Comer, J.R., Zomlefer, W.B., Barrett, C.F., Stevenson, D.W., Heyduk, K. and Leebens-Mack, J.H., 2016. Nuclear phylogenomics of the palm subfamily Arecoideae (Arecaceae). Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 97:32-42.

Edelman, S. M. 2016. Pneumatophores on Acoelorrhaphe wrightii. Palms 60:25-28.

Faassen, E. J. 2016. The neurotoxin BMAA in aquatic systems. PhD Thesis, Wageningen University. MBC collections used.

Fay, M. F. and Christenhusz, M. J. 2016. Plant Conservation and Botanic Gardens. eLS. 1–15.

Freitas, C., A. W. Meerow, J-C. Pintaud, A. Henderson, L. Noblick, F. R. C. Costa., C. E. Barbosa, D. Barrington. 2016. Phylogenetic analysis of Attalea (Arecaceae): insights into the historical biogeography of a recently diversified Neotropical plant group. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12466.

Gratzfeld, J. 2016. From Idea to Realization: BGCI’s Manual on Planning, Developing and Managing Botanic Gardens. BGCI, Richmond, Surrey, UK.

Griffith, M. P. 2016. Ready for the Next Hurricane? Public Garden 31(3): 8-9.

Hauenschild, F., Matuszak, S., Muellner-Riehl, A.N. and Favre, A., 2016. Phylogenetic relationships within the cosmopolitan buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae) support the resurrection of Sarcomphalus and the description of Pseudoziziphus gen. nov. Taxon, 65:47-64.

Lombard, J., Mills, E. and J. Petrella Arch. 2016. Gardens of Miami. The Villagers, Inc. Miami, Florida.

Manchester, S. R., S. D. Bonde, D. S. Nipunage, R. Srivatava, R. C. Mehrotra, and S. Y. Smith. 2016. Trilocular Palm Fruits from the Deccan Intertrappean Beds of India. International Journal of Plant Sciences. DOI: 10.1086/687290.

McCluskey, K., A. Alvarez, A. R. Bennett, D. Bokati, K. Boundy-Mills, D. Brown, C. Bull, M. Coffey, T. Dreaden, C. Duke, G. Dye, E. Ehmke, K. Eversole, K. Fenstermacher, D. Geiser, J. A. Glaeser, S. Greene, L. Gribble, M. P. Griffith, K. Hanser, R. Humber, B. W. Johnson, A. Kermode, M. Krichevsky, M. Laudon, J. Leach, J. Leslie, M. May, U. Melcher, D. Nobles, N. R. Fonseca, S. Robinson, M. Ryan, J. Scott, C. Silflow, A. Vidaver, K. M. Webb, J. E. Wertz, S. Yentsch, and S. Zehr. 2016. The US Culture Collection Network lays the foundation for progress in preservation of valuable microbial resources. Phytopathology 106:532-540.

Mill, R. R. 2016. A Monographic Revision of Retrophyllum (Podocarpaceae). Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 73(2):171-261. DOI:10.1017/S0960428616000081.

Murphy, V., T. Clase, R. A. Rodríguez-Peña, F. Jiménez-Rodríguez, B. Jestrow, C. E. Husby, and M. P. Griffith. 2016. Conservation Horticulture for Yarey Palm and Buccaneer Palm: Substrate and Sowing Depth Effect Germination and Early Seedling Growth. HortTechnology. 26:811-815.

Nazor, C. 2016. Cycad Day 2015: Mounts Botanical Garden, West Palm Beach, Florida. The Cycad Newsletter 38:12-17.

Noblick, L. R. 2016. Copernicia at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 210:20-30.

Palmas-Perez, S. 2016. Can x-ray scans precisely estimate the age and growth rates of trees in South Florida? Palmetto 33: 4-15.

Ramírez-Restrepo, L., S. Koi, I. MacGregor-Fors. 20016. Tales of urban conservation: Eumaeus butterflies and their threatened cycad hostplants. Urban Ecosystems. DOI: 10.1007/s11252-016-0599-0.

Tomlinson, P. B. 2016. The Botany of Mangroves. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press.

Vianna, S. A., S. M. Carmelo-Guerreiro, L. R. Noblick, and C. A. Colombo. 2016. Anatomy of Acrocromia (Arecaceae): an additional contribution to the taxonomic resolution of a genus with great economic potential. Plant Syst. Evol. DOI: 10.1007/s00606-016-1369-4.

Zodrow, E. L., José A. D’Angelo, W. A. Taylor, , T. Catelani,J. A. Heredia-Guerrero, Maria Mastalerz. 2016. Secretory organs: Implications for lipoid taxonomy and kerogen formation (seed ferns, Pennsylvanian, Canada). International Journal of Coal Geology.


The cover of the IUCN Species Survival Commission Guidelines on the use of Ex situ Management for Species Conservation
Photo of Dr. Larry Noblick and
The Cover of Public Garden Management: A Global Perspective: Volume I by Bijan Dehgan
Photo of a woman standing next o a very very large palm tree

Anderson, L. 2015. Beyond Botany. Public Garden 30(2):20-21.

Anderson, L. 2015. The nutrient management program at Montgomery Botanical Center. Florida Turf Digest 32:20-22.

Barrett, C. F., W. J. Baker, J. R. Comer, J. G. Conran, S. C. Lahmeyer, J. H. Leebens-Mack, J. Li, G. S. Lim, D. R. Mayfield-Jones, L. Perez, J. Medina, J. C. Pires, C. Santos, D. W. Stevenson, W. B. Zomlefer, and J. I. Davis. 2015. Plastid genomes reveal support for deep phylogenetic relationships and extensive rate variation among palms and other commelinid monocots. New Phytologist DOI:10.1111/nph.13617.

Black, L. 2015. The International Palm Society 2014 Biennial. The Palm Journal 208:46-48.

Calonje, M. The Cycads of Montgomery Botanical Center: A Pictorial. The Cycad Newsletter 38(1):8-9.

Calonje, M., G. Morales, C. Lopez-Gallego, and F. J. Roldan. 2015. A taxonomic revision of Zamia montana and Zamia oligodonta, with notes on their conservation status. Phytotaxa 192:279-289.

Comer, J. R., W. B. Zomlefer, C. F. Barrett, J. I. Davis, D. W. Stevenson, K. Heyduk and J. H. Leebens-Mack. 2015. Resolving relationships within the palm subfamily Arecoideae (Arecaceae) using plastid sequences derived from next-generation sequencing. American Journal of Botany. Doi: 10.3732/ajb.1500057.

de Laubenfels, D. J. 2015. New Sections and Species of Podocarpus Based on the Taxonomic Status of P. neriifolius (Podocarpaceae) in Tropical Asia. Novon: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 24(2):133-152.

Erdei, B. and S. R. Manchester. 2015. Ctenis clarnoensis sp. n., an Unusual Cycadalean Foliage from the Eocene Clarno Formation, Oregon. International Journal of Plant Sciences 176:31-43.

Griffith, M. P., M. Calonje, A. W. Meerow, F. Tut, A. T. Kramer, A. Hird, T. M. Magellan, and C. E. Husby. 2015. Can a botanic garden cycad collection capture the genetic diversity in a wild population? International Journal of Plant Sciences 176:1-10.

Heyduk, K., D.W. Trapnell, C. F. Barrett, and J. Leebens-Mack. 2015. Phylogenomic analyses of species relationships in the genus Sabal (Arecaceae) using targeted sequence capture. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. DOI: 10.1111/bij.12551.

Islam, M. B. & R. P. Guralnick. 2015. Generic Placement of the Former Condaliopsis (Rhamnaceae) species. Phytotaxa 236:25-39.

Krauss, L. Growing Macrozamia moorei in South Florida. The Cycad Newsletter 38(1):3-5.

Li, F-W, M. Melkonian, C. J. Rothfels, J. C. Villarreal, D. W. Stevenson, S. W. Graham. G. Ka-Shu Wong, K. M. Pryer, & S. Mathews. 2015. Phytochrome diversity in green plants and the origin of canonical plant phytochromes. Nature Communications 6: doi: 10.1038/ncomms8852 .

Li, F-W, C. J. Rothfels, M. Melkonian, J. C. Villarreal, D. W. Stevenson, S. W. Graham. G. Ka-Shu Wong, S. Mathews, & K. M. Pryer. 2015. The origin and evolution of phototropins. Front. Plant Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00637.

Magellan, T. M., P. B. Tomlinson, and B. A. Huggett. 2015. Stem anatomy in the spiny american palm Bactris (Arecaceae-Bactridinae). Hoehnea 42(3): 567-579.

Magellan, T. M., M. P. Griffith, and P. B. Tomlinson. 2015. Distribution of gelatinous fibers in seedling roots of living cycads. American Journal of Botany. doi: 10.3732/ajb.150023.

Noblick, L. R. 2015. Butia: what we think we know about the genus. The Palm Journal 208: 5-23.

Petersen, G., O. Seberg, A. Cuenca, D. W. Stevenson, M. Thadeo, J. I. Davis, S. Graham & T. G. Ross. 2015. Phylogeny of the Alismatales (Monocotyledons) and the relationship of Acorus (Acorales?). Cladistics 31: In Press.DOI: 10.1111/cla.12120.

Rinehart, T., Pounders, C., Xinwang Wang, and Pooler, M. 2015. SSRS are useful to assess genetic diversity among Lagerstroemia species. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS) 1087:49-58.

Rothfels C. J., Fay-Wei Li, E. M. Sigel, L. Huiet, A. Larsson, D. O. Burge, M. Ruhsam, M. Deyholos, D.E. Soltis, C. N. Stewart, Jr., S. W. Shaw, L. Pokorny, T. Chen, C. dePamphilis, L. DeGironimo, Li Chen, X. Wei, X. Sun, P. Korall, D. W. Stevenson, S.W. Graham, G. K-S. Wong, & Kathleen M. Pryer. 2015. The evolutionary history of ferns inferred from 25 low-copy nuclear genes. Am. J. Bot. 102: 1089-1107.

Ruhsam, M., H. S. Rai,S. Mathews, T. G. Ross, S. W. Graham, L. A. Raubeson, W. Mei, P. I. Thomas, M. F. Gardner, R. A. Ennos and P. M. Hollingsworth. 2015. Does complete plastid genome sequencing improve species discrimination and phylogenetic resolution in Araucaria? Molecular Ecology Resources. doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12375.

Salzman, S. Our new Board Member,Graduate Student Shayla Salzman, Describes Her Research. The Cycad Newsletter 38(1):3-5. 10-11.

Thadeo, M., K. E. Hampilos, & D. W. Stevenson. 2015. Anatomy and development of fleshy fruits in the monocots. Am. J. Bot. 102:1757-1779.

Thompsonowak, B. 2015. Tree Care on a Budget. Public Garden 30: 26-27.

Thomas, R. and Boura, A. 2015. Palm stem anatomy: phylogenetic or climatic signal?. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. doi: 10.1111/boj.12274.

Vovides, A. & D. Stevenson. 2015. What is Ceratozamia mexicana? Botanical Sciences 93: In Press.


Photo of students in the lab
Photo of a student taking notes on a cycad
Photo of a man taking photos of a trap in a tree
Photo of Dr. Dennis W. Stevenson inspecting a plant in the lab
The cover of The Cycad Newsletter December 2014
Photo of Chris Krieg investigating resource acquisition in a cycad
Photo of Dr. Denis W. Stevenson in the lab
Photo of Dr. Patrick Griffith with other scientists at the Montgomery Botanical Center

Alapetite, E., W. J. Baker, and S. Nadot. 2014. Evolution of stamen number in Ptychospermatinae (Arecaceae): Insights from a new molecular phylogeny of the subtribe. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.026

Anderson, L. 2014. Saltwater Intrusion in the Biscayne Aquifer: A case study at the Montgomery Botanical Center. Florida Turf Digest 31: 10-14.

Bennett, T., S.F. Brockington, C. Rothfels, S. Graham, D. Stevenson, T. Kutchan, M.Rolf, P. Thomas, G.K. Wong, O. Leyser, B. J. Glover & C. J. Harrison. 2014. Paralagous radiations of PIN proteins with multiple origins of non-canonical PIN structure. Mol. Biol. Evol. (2014) 31 (8): 2042-2060.

Broschat, T. K., M. L. Elliott, and D. R. Hodel. 2014. Ornamental Palms: Biology and Horticulture. Horticultural Reviews 42: 1-120.

Botanic Gardens Conservation International. 2014. Building living plant collections for conservation: a guide for public gardens.

Calonje, C., M. Calonje, L. Knowles, and C. Husby. 2014. Variability of Vegetative Flush Colors in Zamia (Cycadales). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8(2):531-540.

Castaño, F., F. Stauffer, X. Marquinez, M. Crèvecoeur, M. Collin, J.-C. Pintaud, and J. Tregear. 2014. Floral structure and development in the monoecious palm Gaussia attenuata (Arecaceae; Arecoideae). Annals of Botany. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcu133.

Chomicki, G., Bidel, L. P., Baker, W. J., & Jay-Allemand, C. 2014. Palm snorkelling: leaf bases as aeration structures in the mangrove palm (Nypa fruticans). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society.

Dehgan, B. 2014. Public Garden Management: A Global Perspective: Volume I. Xlibris LLC.

Dehgan, B. 2014. Public Garden Management: A Global Perspective. Volume II. XLibris LLC.

Domenech, B., C. B. Asmussen-Lange, W. J. Baker, E. Alapetite, J-C. Pintaud, and S. Nadot. 2014. A phylogenetic analysis of palm subtribe Archontophoenicinae (Arecaceae) based on 14 DNA region. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 175(4): 469–481.

Erdei, B. 2014. A cikászok különös világa 1. Nem pálmák és nem is páfrányok. Élet és Tudomány, 2014(4): 102-104.

Erdei, B. 2014. A cikászok különös világa 2. Dinoszauruszok kortársai. Élet és Tudomány 2014 (5): 147-149.

Fay-Wei Li, F-W, J. C. Villarreal, S. Kelly , C. J. Rothfels, M. Melkonian, E. Frangedakis, M. Ruhsam, E. M. Sigel, J. P. Der, J. Pittermann, D. O, Burge, L. Pokorny, A. Larsson, T. Chen, S. Weststrand, P. Thomas, E. Carpenter, Y. Zhang, Z. Tian, L. Chen, Z. Yan, Y. Zhu, X. Sun, J. Wang, D. Stevenson, B. Crandall-Stotler, A. J. Shaw, M. K. Deyholos, D. E. Soltis, S. Graham, M. D. Windham, J. A. Langdale, G. Ka-Shu Wong, S. Mathews, K. M. Pryer. 2014. Horizontal transfer of an adaptive chimeric photoreceptor from bryophytes to ferns. PNAS 2014 111 (18) 6672-6677.

Floyd, S. K., J. G. Ryan, S. J. Conway, E. Brenner, K. P. Burris, J. N. Burris, T.Chen, P. P. Edger, S. W. Graham, J. H. Leebens-Mack, J. C. Pires, C. J. Rothfels, E. M. Sigel, D. W. Stevenson, C. N. Stewart Jr., G. K-S. Wong, & J. L. Bowman. 2014. Origin of a novel regulatory module by duplication and degeneration of an ancient plant transcription factor. Mol. Phyl. Evol. 81: 159-173.

Griffith, M. P. 2014. Rumphius and Beekman: Proceedings of the Symposium for the 2011 David Fairchild Medal for Plant Exploration. Allertonia 13:1-2.

Griffith, M. P. and D. H. Lorence (Eds.) 2014. Honoring Beekman and Rumphius: Proceedings of the 2011 David Fairchild Medal for Plant Exploration Symposium. Allertonia 13.

Griffith, M. P., T. M. Magellan and P. B. Tomlinson. 2014. Variation inleaflet structure in Cycas (Cycadales:Cycadaceae): Does anatomy follow phylogeny and geography? International Journal of Plant Sciences.

IUCN/SSC. 2014. Guidelines on the Use of Ex Situ Management for Species Conservation. Version 2.0. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN Species Survival Commission.

Kvacek, Z. 2014. New fossil records of Ceratozamia (Zamiaceae, Cycadales) from the European Oligocene and lower Miocene. Acta Palaeobotanica 54(2): 231–247.

Lu, Y., J. H. Ran, D. MGuo, Z. Y. Yang, and X. Q. Wang. 2014. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Gymnosperms Inferred from Single-Copy Nuclear Genes. PloS one, 9(9), e107679.

Meerow, A. W. , L. Noblick, D. E. Salas-Leiva, V. Sanchez, J. Francisco-Ortega, B. Jestrow, and K. Nakamura. 2014. Phylogeny and historical biogeography of the cocosoid palms (Arecaceae, Arecoideae, Cocoseae) inferred from sequences of six WRKY gene family loci. Cladistics. Doi: 10.1111/cla.12100.

Nicolalde-Morejón, F. , J. González-Astorga, F. Vergara-Silva, D. W. Stevenson, O. Rojas-Soto & A. Medina-Villarreal. 2014. Biodiversidad de Zamiaceae en México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 84-4, 2014. DOI: 10.7550/rmb.31834.

Petersen, J. J., Parker, I. M. and Potter, D. 2014. Domestication of the neotropical tree Chrysophyllum cainito from a geographically limited yet genetically diverse gene pool in Panama. Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1002/ece3.948.

Petersen, J. J., I. M. Parker, and D. Potter. 2014. Ten Polymorphic Microsatellite Primers in the Tropical Tree Caimito, Chrysophyllum cainito (Sapotaceae). Applications in Plant Sciences 2(2). doi:

Prior, N. A. 2014. Proteins in Gymnosperm pollination drops. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Victoria.

Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney. 2014. Cycad Conservation. The Gardens 101:33.

Salas-Leiva, D., A.W. Meerow, J. Francisco-Ortega, M. Calonje, M. P. Griffith, D.W. Stevenson, and K. Nakamura. 2014. Conserved genetic regions across angiosperms help develop low copy nuclear markers in gymnosperms: an example using cycads. Molecular Ecology Resources. doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12228.

Schulz, C. , Klaus, K. , Knopf, P. , Mundry, M. , Dörken, V. and Stützel, T. 2014. Male Cone Evolution in Conifers: Not All That Simple. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 2842-2857.

Sessa, E.B., J. A. Banks, M. S. Barker, J. P. Der, A. M. Duffy, S. W. Graham, M. Hasebe, J. Langdale, Fay-Wei Li, D. B. Marchant, K. M. Pryer, C. J. Rothfels, S. J. Roux, M. L. Salmi, E. M. Sigel, D. E Soltis, P. S Soltis, D. W. Stevenson, & P. G. Wolf. 2014. Between Two Fern Genomes. GigaScience 2014, 3:15.

Stevenson, J. W. & D.W. Stevenson. 2014. The Nuts and Bolts of Doing the Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: How Don Correll Worked. The Botanical Review 80: 135-147.

Zamia (Cycadales) Determined by Gelatinous Fibers. American Journal of Botany 101(8): 1275-1285.

Wells, K. 2014. A search for rare and ancient plants. FrogLog 22: 72-73.

Wickett NJ, Mirarab S, Nguyen N, Warnow T, Carpenter EJ, Matasci N, Ayyampalayam S,Barker MS, Burleigh JG, Gitzendanner MA, Ruhfel B, Wafula E, Der JP, Graham SW, Mathews S, Melkonian M, Soltis DE, Soltis PS, Rothfels C, Pokorny L, Shaw J, DeGironimo L, Stevenson DW, Surek B, Villarreal JC, Roure B, Philippe H, dePamphilis CW, Chen T, Deyholos MK, Baucom RS, Kutchan TM, Augustin MM, Wang J, Zhang Y, Tian Z, Yanz Z, Wuz X, Sunz X, Ka-Shu Wong G, and Leebens-Mack J. 2014. A phylotranscriptomics analysis of the origin and early diversification of land plants. PNAS 2014:1–59.

Witcher, E. and M. Calonje. 2014. Using GIS to leverage plant collections for conservation. BG Journal 11: 15-18.

Yu, X. H., Prakash, R. R., Sweet, M., & Shanklin, J. 2014. Coexpressing Escherichia coli Cyclopropane Synthase with Sterculia foetida Lysophosphatidic Acid Acyltransferase Enhances Cyclopropane Fatty Acid Accumulation. Plant physiology 164(1), 455-465.

Zona, S. 2014. Liverworts (Marchantiophyta) of Miami, Florida, USA. Tropical Bryology 35: 43-48.


Photo of scientists inspecting cycad cones
Photo of Drs. Lorena Ramírez-Restrepo, Sandy Koi, and Ian MacGregor-Fors collecting Eumaeus atala (or the Coontie Hairstreak Butterfly or ) in Zamia pumila (Coontie)
Photo of Dr. Larry Noblick and Suelen Alves Vianna in the lab with a Acrocromia frond
A Photo of Cristina Lopez Gallego with a Zamia species
A photo of Carlos Martel taking a sampling of sugar from the flowering structure of a palm
Photo of Dr. Philip Barry Tomlinson in the lab
Photo of Nathalie Gil inspecting seeds through a microscope

Anderson, L. M. 2013. Green Industry Best Management Practices in a Tropical Garden. Public Garden 27(1):9-11.

Bacon, C. D., F. Michonneau, A . J. Henderson, M. J. McKenna, A. M. Milroy, and M. P. Simmons. 2013. Geographic and taxonomic disparities in species diversity: dispersal and diversification rates across Wallace’s Line. Evolution doi: 10.1111/evo.12084.

Ballardini, M., A. Mercuri C. Littardi, S. Abbas, M. Couderc , B. Ludeña, and J-C Pintaud. 2013. The chloroplast DNA locus psbZ-trnfM as a potential barcode marker in Phoenix L. (Arecaceae). Zookeys (365): 71–82.

Barrett, C. F., J. I. Davis, J. Leebens-Mack, J. G. Conran & D. W. Stevenson. 2013. Plastid genomes and deep relationships among the commelinid monocot angiosperms. Cladistics 29: 65-87.

Barrett, C. F., C. D. Specht, J. Leebens-Mack, D. W. Stevenson, W. B. Zomlefer,. and J. I. Davis. 2013. Resolving ancient radiations: can complete plastid gene sets elucidate deep relationships among the tropical gingers (Zingiberales)? Annals of Botany 113(1): 119-133.

Bohl, K. and P. S. Stricker. 2013. Seedlings of the introduced invasive shrub Eugenia uniflora (Myrtaceae) outperform those of its native and introduced non-invasivecongeners in Florida. Biological Invasions. doi: 10.1007/s10530-013-0425-z.

Burleigh G, Alphonse K, Alverson AJ, Bik HM, Blank C, Cirranello AL, Cui H, Daly M, Dietterich TG, Gasparich G, Irvine J, Julius M, Kaufman S, Law E, Liu J, Moore L, O’Leary MA, Passarotti M, Ranade S, Simmons NB, Stevenson DW, Thacker RW, Theriot EC, Todorovic S, Velazco PM, Walls RL, Wolfe JM, Yu M. 2013. Next-generation phenomics for the Tree of Life. PLOS Currents Tree of Life. doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.085c713acafc8711b2ff7010a4b03733.

Calonje, M., A. W. Meerow, L. Knowles, D. Knowles, M. P. Griffith, K. Nakamura, J. Francisco-Ortega. 2013. Cycad biodiversity in the Bahamas Archipelago and conservation genetics of the Critically Endangered Zamia lucayana (Zamiaceae) Oryx 47:190-198.

Cano, A., M. Perret, and F. W. Stauffer. 2013. A revision of the genus Trithrinax (Cryosophileae, Coryphoideae, Arecaceae). Phytotaxa 136: 1-53.

Cibrian Jaramillo, A., A. Hird, N. Oleas, H. Ma, A. W. Meerow, J. Francisco-Ortega, and M. P. Griffith. 2013. Whatis the Conservation Value of a Plant in a Botanic Garden? Using Indicators to Improve Management of ex situ Collections. Botanical Review.

Conway, S. 2013. Beyond Pine Cones: An Introduction to Gymnosperms. Arnoldia 70:2-14.

Davis, J., J. McNeal, C. Barrett, M. Chase, J. Cohen, M. Duvall, T. Givinish, S. Graham, G. Petersen, J. Pires, O. Seberg, D. Stevenson, & J. Leebens-Mack. 2013. Contrasting patterns of support among plastid genes and genomes for major clades of the monocotyledons. Systematics Association 83: 315-349.

Griffith M. P., E. Witcher, L. Noblick, and C. Husby. 2013. Palm stem shape correlates with hurricane tolerance, in a manner consistent with natural selection. Palms 57: 115-122.

Hodel, D. R. 2013. Coccothrinax – Always Late but Worth the Wait. The Palm Journal 203:4-21.

Kay, J. 2013. Improved efficiencies for a plant sharing programme. Gardenwise 40:19-23.

Lindstrom. A., M. Calonje, D. Stevenson, C. Husby and A. Taylor. 2013. Clarification of Zamia acuminataand a new Zamia species from Coclé Province, Panama. Phytotaxa 98: 27–42.

Lopez-Gallego, C. 2013. Genotype-by-Environment Interactions for Seedling Establishment Across Native and Degraded-Forest Habitats in a Long-Lived Cycad. Botanical Review. doi: 10.1007/s12229-013-9124-9.

Magellan, T. M., S. Cuestas, C. Husby, and M. P. Griffith. 2013. Spent Coffee Grounds Do Not Control Cycad Aulacaspis Scale. HortTechnology 23(2): 201-206.

Magellan, T. M. 2013. Service Learning at Colleges and Universities. Public Garden 28(2): 10-13.

Martel, C., L. Noblick, and F. W. Stauffer. 2013. An anatomical character to support the cohesive unit of Butia species. Palms 57(1):30-35.

Murphy, V., K. Moore, M. P. Griffith and C. Husby. 2013. Improving conservation through cultivation: nine container substrates influence growth of a rare cycad, Zamia pumila L. HortScience 48: 1168-1172.

Noblick, L. R. 2013. Leaflet anatomy verifies relationships within Syagrus (Arecaceae) and aids in identification. PhytoKeys 26: 75–99.

Noblick, L. R. 2013. Syagrus – an overview. The Palm Journal 205: 4-32.

Noblick, L. R. 2013. Syagrus stenopetala, a good species. Palms 57: 147-149.

Noblick, L. R., W. J. Hahn, and M. P. Griffith. 2013. Structural cladistic study of Cocoseae, subtribe Attaleinae (Arecaceae): Evaluating taxonomic limits in Attaleinae and the neotropical genus Syagrus. Brittonia 65(2): 232-261.

Osborne, R., M. A. Calonje, K. D. Hill, L. Stanberg, and D. W. Stevenson. 2013. CITES and Cycads: Checklist 2013. Pp. 63-114 in Rutherford, C., J. Donaldson, A. Hudson, H. N. McGough, M. Sajeva, U. Schippmann, and M. Tse-Laurence. 2013. CITES and Cycads, a user’s guide. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Perrenoid, F. 2013. Rendez-vous des Fous en Floride. Le Palmier 77: 8-18.

Romain, T. 2013. Anatomy of the endemic palms of the Near and Middle East: archaeobotanical perspectives. Revue d’ethnoécologie. doi: 10.4000/ethnoecologie.1366.

Rothfels, C. J., A. Larsson, Fay-Wei Li, E. M. Sigel, Layne Huiet, D. O. Burge, M. Ruhsam, S. Graham, D. Stevenson, G. Ka-Shu Wong, P. Korall, & K. M. Pryer. 2013. Transcriptome-mining for Single-copy Nuclear Regions in Ferns. PLoS ONE 8(10): e76957. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076957.

Salas-Leiva, D., A. W. Meerow, M. Calonje, M. P. Griffith, J. Francisco-Ortega, D. W. Stevenson, K. Nakamura, C. E. Lewis, S. Namoff. 2013. Phylogeny of the cycads based on multiple single copy nuclear genes: congruence of concatenation and species tree inference methods. Annals of Botany. doi: 10.1093/aob/mct192.

Stevenson, D. 2013. Gymnosperms. Pp. 141-163 in Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 45, The Evolution of Plant Form. Wiley, Hoboken.

Stricker, K. B. and P. Stiling. 2013. Release from herbivory does not confer invasion success for Eugenia uniflora in Florida. Oecologia. doi: 10.1007/s00442-013-2798-1.

Thomas, R. and D. De Franceschi. 2013. Palm stem anatomy and computer-aided identification: The Coryphoideae (Arecaceae). American Journal of Botany doi: 10.3732/ajb.1200242.

Zalewski, C., S. K. Floyd, C. Furumizu, K. Sakakibara, D. W. Stevenson & J. L. Bowman. 2013. Phylogeny of Class IV HD-Zip genes and the evolution of epidermal complexity in land plants. Mol. Biol. Evol. Advance Access.

Zona, S. 2013. Millipedes transport gemmae of Calymperes palisotii (Bryophyta: Calymperaceae). Nova Hedwigia 97:477-483.

Zona, S. 2013. 2014 IPS Biennial: South Florida. Palms 57:194-198.


Photo of a Plant Biologists of South Florida Meeting in 2012
Photo of Dr. James Emory Eckenwalder
Photo of three men inspecting a cycad
Photo of Angela Cano studying a young palm
Photo of Tracy Magellan using a Microscope

Bacon, C. D., A. Mora, W. L. Wagner, C. A. Jaramillo. 2012. Testing geological models of evaluation of the Isthmus of Panama in a phylogenetic framework. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2012.01281.x.

Bacon, C. D., M. J. McKenna, M. P. Simmons, and W. L. Wagner. 2012. Evaluating multiple criteria for species delimitation: an empirical example using Hawaiian palms (Arecaceae: Pritchardia). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 12:23 doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-12-23.

Bacon, C. D., W. J. Baker, and M. P. Simmons. 2012. Miocene Dispersal Drives Island Radiations in the Palm Tribe Trachycarpeae (Arecaceae). Syst Biol (2012) doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syr123.

Barrett, C. F., J. I. Davis, J. Leebens-Mack, J. G. Conran, D. W. Stevenson. 2012. Plastid genomes and deep relationships among the commelinid monocot angiosperms. Cladistics (2012) doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00418.x.

Bobrov, A. V. F. Ch., D. H. Lorence, M. S. Romanov, and E. S. Romanova. 2012. Fruit Development and Pericarp Structure in Nypa fruticans Wurmb (Arecaceae): A Comparison with Other Palms. International Journal of Plant Sciences 173(7): 751-766.

Calonje, M., H. E. Esquivel, G. Morales, Y. A. Mora-Lizcano, and D. Stevenson. 2012. A new arborescent species of Zamia (Cycadales, Zamiaceae) from the Department of Huila, Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. Caldasia 34:283-290.

Calonje, M. and C. Calonje. 2012. Phenology of Dioon spinulosum in South Florida. The Cycad Newsletter 35:15.

Calonje, M. A., A. S. Taylor Blake, D. Wm. Stevenson, G. Holzman, and Y. A. Ramos. 2012. Zamia lindleyi: A Misunderstood Species from the Highlands of Western Panama. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106:419-437.

de Laubenfels, D. J., C. E. Husby, and M. P. Griffith. 2012. Further Nomenclatural Action for the Cypresses (Cupressaceae). Novon 22: 8-15.

Erdei, B., S. R. Manchester, Z. Kvacek. 2012. Dioonopsis Horiuchi et Kimura Leaves from the Eocene of Western North America: A Cycad Shared with the Paleogene of Japan. International Journal of Plant Sciences 173(1:) 81-95.

Faassen EJ, Gillissen F, Lürling M. 2012. A Comparative Study on Three Analytical Methods for the Determination of the Neurotoxin BMAA in Cyanobacteria. PLoS ONE 7(5): e36667. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036667

Griffith, M. P., M. A. Calonje, D. W. Stevenson, C. E. Husby, and D. P. Little. 2012. Time, place, and relationships: cycad phenology in a phylogenetic and biogeographic context. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106: 59-81.

Heatbun, C. D., Dransfield, J., Flynn, T., Tjitrosoedirdjo, S. S., Mogea, J. P. and Baker, W. J. 2012. A monograph of the betel nut palms (Areca: Arecaceae) of East Malesia. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 168: 147–173.

Husby, C., L. Danielson, L. Noblick, P. Griffith, and A. Strader. 2012. Coccothrinax at the Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 202: 12-19.

Husby, C., L. Danielson, A. Strader, and E. Witcher. 2012. Chamaedorea at the Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 199: 42-45.

Husby, C. and G. Tasker.  2012. The Colonel’s Conifers. The Tropical Garden.  67(1): 40-45.

Johnson, M.T., Carpenter, E.J., Tian, Z., Stevenson, D.W. & Wong, G.K. 2012. Evaluating Methods for Isolating Total RNA and Predicting the Success of Sequencing Phylogenetically Diverse Plant Transcriptomes. PLoS One 7(11): e50266.

Majure, L. C., R. Puente, M. P. Griffith, W. S. Judd, P. S. Soltis, and D. E. Soltis. 2012. Phylogeny of Opuntia s.s. (Cactaceae): clade delineation, geographic origins, and reticulate evolution. American Journal of Botany 99: 847–864.

Mathews, S. and D. Tremonte. 2012. Tests of the Link between Functional Innovation and Positive Selection at Phytochrome A: The Phylogenetic Distribution of Far-Red High-Irradiance Responses in Seedling Development. International Journal of Plant Sciences173: 662-672.

Mauseth, J. D. 2012. Plants & People. Jones & Bartlett Learning, Burlington.

Moynihan, J., A. P. Vovides, J. González- Astorga, and J. Francisco- Ortega. 2012. Population Genetic Diversity in the Dioon edule Lindl. Species Complex (Zamiaceae, Cycadales): Evidence from Microsatellite Data. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106:224-250.

Moynihan, J., D. W. Stevenson, C. E. Lewis, A. P. Vovides, P. Caputo, and J. Francisco- Ortega. 2012. A Phylogenetic Study of Dioon Lindl. (Zamiaceae, Cycadales), Based on Morphology, Nuclear Ribosomal DNA, a Low- copy Nuclear Gene, and Plastid RFLPs. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106: 448-479.

Murphy, V. L. 2012. Evaluation of Inorganic and Organic Substrates on the Growth of Zamia pumila. Master’s Thesis, University of Florida.

Noblick, L.R. 2012. Identifying Coccothrinax. The Palm Journal 202: 4-11.

Noblick, L. R. 2012. Syagrus x mirandina, a naturally occurring hybrid of S. coronata and S. microphylla. Palms. 57-60.

Petersen, J. J., I. M. Parker, and D. Potter. 2012. Origins and close relatives of a semi-domesticated neotropical fruit tree: Chrysophyllum cainito (Sapotaceae). Am. J. Bot. 99(3): 585-604.

Reichard, S., H. Liu, and C. Husby. 2012. Is managed relocation of rare plants another pathway for biological invasions? In J. Maschinski and K. E. Haskins (Eds.), Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate (pp. 243-261), Island Press, Washington, DC.

Riffle, R. L., P. Craft and S. Zona. 2012. The encyclopedia of cultivated palms. Second edition. Timber Press, Portland.

Santiago-Valentin, E. J. Sustache, J. Francisco-Ortega, C. Figueroa-Hernandez, J. Fuemero-Caban, and P. Griffith. 2012. Pseudophoenix sargentii on Mona Island: Conservation Survey and a New Discovery. Palms 56(3): 78-90.

Tang, W. 2012. Cone Size in the Florida Cycad, Zamia integrifolia: Trade-off between Seed Size and Seed Number. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106:511-519.

Witcher, E. 2012. A Garden’s-Eye View: Botanic Garden Adds New Tools-GIS and Remote Imagery. ArcNews ERSI Vol. 34(1): 34.

Zhang W, Kramer EM, Davis CC (2012) Similar Genetic Mechanisms Underlie the Parallel Evolution of Floral Phenotypes. PLoS ONE 7(4): e36033. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036033


Photo of Dr. Irene Terry and William Tang inspecting a cycad
Cover of Australian Palms: Biogeography, Ecology and Systematics by John Leslie Dowe
Photo of Dr. Christian Schulz, Ron Determann, and Patrick Knoft
Photo of Dr. Chad Husby and Dr. John Popenoe with a conifer
Photo of Scientists studying a tree
Photo of a group of researchers in the nursery

Álvarez-Loayza P., J. F. White Jr., M. S.Torres, H. Balslev, T. Kristiansen, J-C. Svenning, and N. Gil. 2011. Light Converts Endosymbiotic Fungus to Pathogen, Influencing Seedling Survival and Niche-Space Filling of a Common Tropical Tree, Iriartea deltoidea. PLoS ONE 6(1): e16386. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0016386 

Asmussen-Lange, C.B., M. Maunder and M. F. Fay.  2011. Conservation genetics of the critically endangered Round Island bottle palm, Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (Arecaceae): can cultivated stocks supplement a residual wild population? Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 167: 301–310.

Anderson, L., and P. Griffith. 2011. Principles and principes: William Lyman Phillips and the palm collection at Montgomery. Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed landscapes 31(3): 196-203.

Anderson, P.J. 2011. Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms. In A Resource for Pests and Diseases of Cultivated Palms. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Service, Division of Plant Industry and Identification Technology Program, CPHST, PPQ, APHIS, USDA; Fort Collins, CO.

Antonio del Canizo, J. 2011. Palmeras: Todos los generos y 565 especies. Ediciones Mundi-Prensa, Madrid.

Calonje, M. 2011. Phenology of Cycas revoluta in South Florida. The Cycad Newsletter 34(2-3):42.

Calonje, M.,H. E. Esquivel, D. Stevenson, C. Calonje and D. Pava. 2011.A new arborescent species of Zamia from the Central Cordillera of Tolima, Colombia (Cycadales, Zamiaceae), with comments on the Z. poeppigiana species complex. Brittonia 63: 442-451.

Calonje, M. J. Kay, and M. P. Griffith. 2011. Propagation of cycad collections from seed: applied reproductive biology for conservation. Sibbaldia 9: 77-96.

Calonje M. and R. Osborne. 2011. Focus on Zamia encephalartoides D. W. Stev. Encephalartos 105:5-13.

Calonje, M., L. Knowles, D. Knowles, A. Meerow, C. Calonje, R. Adams, L. Johnson, S. Gilmer, P. Griffith, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2011. Following the steps of Donovan and Helen Correll: Exploring for cycads in The Bahama Archipelago. The Tropical Garden 66(4): 33-39.

Castaño, F., M. Crèvecoeur, J.-C. Pintaud and F. W. Stauffer. 2011. Floral structure in the neotropical palms Chelyocarpus Dammer, Cryosophila Blume and Itaya H. E. Moore (Arecaceae). Candollea 66: 65-79.

Castaño G., F., R. Spichiger, and F. W. Stauffer. 2011. Revisiting the Neotropical Genera Chelyocarpus,Cryosophila, and Itaya (Coryphoideae: Cryosophileae). Palms 55(2): 72-83.

Downing, J. L.  2011. Impacts of the Naturalized Bee Centris nitida on a Specialized Native Mutualism in Southern Florida. FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 389.

Griffith P., C. Lewis, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2011. Palm conservation in a botanic garden: a case study of the Keys Thatch Palm. Palms 55: 93-101.

Federman, S., C. Hyseni, W. Clement and A. Caccone. Isolation of 13 novel highly polymorphic microsatellite loci for the Amazonian Palm Mauritia flexuosa L.f. (Arecaceae). Conservation Genetics Resources. DOI: 10.1007/s12686-011-9547-8.

Griffith P., A. Strader, T. Magellan, and L. Noblick. 2011. Roystonea and Pseudophoenix: essential palms at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 196: 9-11.

Hall, J. A. G. H. Walter. 2011.Does pollen aerodynamics correlate with pollination vector? Pollen settling velocity as a test for wind versus insect pollination among cycads (Gymnospermae: Cycadaceae: Zamiaceae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 104:75-92.

Hodel, D. R. 2011. Hybrids in the genus Syagrus. Palms 55(3):141-154.

Jeanson, M. L., J. N. Labat, and D. P. Little.  2011. DNA barcoding: a new tool for palm taxonomists? Annals of Botany. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcr158.

Kay, J., A Strader, V. Murphy, L. Nghiem-Phu, M. Calonje, and M. P. Griffith. 2011. Palma Corcho: A Case Study in Botanic Garden Conservation Horticulture and Economics. HortTechnology 21(4).474-481.

Knopf, P., C. Schulz, D. P. Little, T. Stützel, and D. W. Stevenson. 2011. Relationships within Podocarpaceae based on DNA sequence, anatomical, morphological, and biogeographical data. Cladistics. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00381.x

Kramer, A., A. Hird, K. Shaw, M. Dosmann, and R. Mims. 2011. Conserving North America’s Threatened Plants: Progress towards Target 8 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Botanic Gardens Conservation International U.S.

Kramer, G. 2011. Palm tree susceptibility to hemi-epiphytic parasitism by Ficus. Master’s Thesis, University of Florida.

Lee, D. and S. West. 2011. Wayside trees of tropical Florida: a guide to the native and exotic trees and palms of Miami and tropical south Florida. Tellus Books, Mebane.

Niogret, J., P. E. Kendra, N. D. Epsky and R. R. Heath. 2011. Comparative Analysis of Terpenoid Emissions from Florida Host Trees of the Redbay Ambrosia Beetle, Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Florida Entomologist 94(4):1010-1017.

Nagalingum, N. S., C. R. Marshall, T. B. Quental, H. S. Rai, D. P. Little, and S. Mathews. 2011. Recent Synchronous Radiation of a Living Fossil. Science 334:796-799.

Nicolalde-Morejón, F., J. González-Astorga, F. Vergara-Silva and  A.P. Vovides. 2011. Perspectivas sistemáticas de Zamia (Zamiaceae) en Megaméxico: de la taxonomía alfa a los códigos de barras genéticos. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 82: 341-355.

Ojeda Alayón, I. 2011. The evolution of bird pollination in Macaronesian Lotus section Rhyncholotus (Leguminosae). Ph.D. Disseration, University of British Columbia.

Ortega-Chavez, N. and F. W. Stauffer. 2011. Ontogeny and structure of the acervulate partial inflorescence in Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (Arecaceae; Arecoideae). Annals of Botany doi: 10.1093/aob/mcr149.

Petersen, J.J., I. M. Parker, and D. Potter. 2011. Origins and close relatives of a semi-domesticated neotropical fruit tree: Chrysophyllum cainito (Sapotacea). American Journal of Botany 99(3):585-604.

Romanov, M. S., A. V. F. Ch. Bobrov, D. S. A. Wijesundara, and E. S. Romanova. 2011. Pericarp development and fruit structure in borassoid palms (Arecaceae–Coryphoideae–Borasseae) Annals of Botany doi: 10.1093/aob/mcr148

Tomlinson, P.B. and B. A. Huggett. 2011. Partial shoot reiteration in Wollemia nobilis (Araucariaceae) does not arise from ‘axillary meristems’ Annals of Botany; doi: 10.1093/aob/mcr031.

Tomlinson, P.B. and B. A. Huggett. 2011. Axillary meristems in the Wollemi pine: a response to Geoffrey E. Burrows. Annals of Botany; doi: 10.1093/aob/mcr262.

Tomlinson, P.B., J. Horn, and J. Fisher. 2011. The Anatomy of Palms: Arecaceae – Palmae. Oxford University Press.

Witcher, E. and P. Griffith. 2011. Remote sensing as a botanic garden tool. Arnoldia 69:23-32.


Photo of Dr. Michael Calonje using a microscope
Photo of Dr. Philip Barry Tomlinson wading in one of the brackish lakes
Photo of Dr. Barry Tomlinson talking with Dr. Christopher Quinn

Bergquist, J. 2010. Realistic disaster planning for collections management. Public Garden 25(4): 30-31.

Calonje C. and M. Calonje. 2010. Cold winter precedes mast coning year for female Cycas panzhihuaensis plants at Montgomery Botanical Center. Encephalartos 102: 7-10.

Calonje, C, C. Husby, and M. Calonje. 2010. Germination and Early Seedling Growth of Rare Zamia spp. in Organic and Inorganic Substrates: Advancing Ex Situ Conservation Horticulture. HortScience 45:679-683.

Calonje, M., A. W. Meerow, and D. W. Stevenson. 2010. The typification of Zamia erosa and the priority of that name over Z. amblyphyllidia. Taxon 59:637-642.

Dowe, J. L. 2010. Australian Palms: Biogeography, Ecology, and Systematics. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.

Edelman, S., and Griffith, M.P. 2010. Mangrove and Brazilian pepper in the garden: A case study of vegetation change over 80 years. Davidsonia 20(2):51-64.

Gapinski, A.T. 2010. Preparing Plant Collections for Biological Invasions: A Study of the Effects of Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) Through Case Study Analysis. Thesis for Master of Science in Public Horticulture at the University of Delaware.

Griffith, M. P., I. L. Danielson, C. D. Bacon, and L. R. Noblick. 2010. Pritchardia challenges at the Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 193: 28-30.

Griffith, P., and C. Husby. 2010. The price of conservation: measuring the mission and its cost. BGJournal 7: 12-14.

Griffith, P., and M. Calonje. 2010. The Sinkhole Cycad of Belize: Conservation Horticulture and a New Discovery. 2009 AZH Conference Proceedings: 26-28.

Griffith, M. P., C. E. Husby, and M. Calonje. 2010. Cycad collections development in the modern context: Challenges, opportunities, investments and outcomes. Proc. of the 4th Global Botanic Gardens Congress.

Harshaw, J. and S. Cuestas. 2010. Australian Cycads at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Cycad Newsletter 32: 4-5.

Husby C., Determann, R., Moyroud R. and Hall, B. 2010.  Les plantes de nouvelle-calédonie dans les établissements botaniques d’Amérique du nord : un intérêt grandissant pour une flore extraordinairement belle et unique.  Ethnopharmacologia 46:13-16.

Husby, C. E., H. Liu. S. H. Reichard. 2010. Weed risk assessment for botanic garden decision making. Proc. of the 4th Global Botanic Gardens Congress.

Leitman, P., A. Henderson, and L. Noblick. 2010. Arecaceae. Pp. 665-675 in R. Campostrini Forzza et al. 2010. Catálogo de plantas e fungos do Brasil – Volume 1. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.

Lorenzi, H., L. R. Noblick, F. Kahn, and E. Ferreira. 2010. Brazilian flora Lorenzi: Arecaceae (Palms). Instituto Plantarum, Nova Odessa.

Namoff, S., C. E. Husby, J. Francisco-Ortega, L. R. Noblick, C. E. Lewis, and M. P. Griffith. 2010. How well does a botanical garden collection of a rare palm capture the genetic variation in a wild population? Biological Conservation 143:1110-1117.

Nazor, C. and A. Lindstrom. 2010. Cycad focus: Cycas petrea. The Cycad Newsletter 33: 10-13.

Nicolalde-Morejon, F., F. Vergara-Silva, J. Gonzalez-Astoraga, and D. W. Stevenson. 2010. Character based, population-level DNA barcoding in Mexican species of Zamia L. (Zamiaceae: Cycadales). Mitochondrial DNA 21(S1): 51–59.

Nicolalde-Morejon, F., F. Vergara-Silva, J. Gonzalez-Astoraga, D. W. Stevenson, A. P. Vovides, and V. Sosa. 2010. A character based approach in the Mexican cycads supports diverse multigene combinations for DNA barcoding. Cladistics 26: 1-15.

Noblick, L. R., and H. Lorenzi. 2010. New Syagrus Species from Brazil. Palms 54:18-42.

Osborne, R. and A. P. Vovides. 2010. Focus on Zamia loddigesii Miq. Encephalartos 99:16-20.

Pollet, C. 2010. Bark: an Intimate Look at the World’s Trees. Frances Lincoln Ltd.

Tang, W. 2010. Receptivity in female Cycas cones. Encephalartos 100: 48-49.

Vorster, P. 2010. A cycad-hunting expedition to Honduras. Encephalartos 101: 20-27.

Walters, T.W., A. J. Redford, M. D. Trice, J. L. Scher, and A. C. Hodges. 2010. A Resource for Pests and Diseases of Cultivated Palms. Identification Technology Program, CPHST, PPQ, APHIS, USDA; Fort Collins, Colorado.

Zhang, W. E. M. Kramer, and C. C. Davis. 2010. Floral symmetry genes and the origin and maintenance of zygomorphy in a plant-pollinator mutualism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 107: 6388-6393.


Photo of Zhang Yong-Jiang using a microscope
Photo of Dr. Angélica Cibrián Jaramillo and Dr. Damon P. Little near a cycad
Photo of researchers inspecting a Thrinax specimen
The Cover of Le Palmier

Baker, M., J. Rebman, B. Parfitt, D. Pinkava, C. Christy, A. Salywon, R. Puente-Martinez, A. Zimmerman, and J. H. Cota. 2009. Chromosome numbers of miscellaneous Angiosperm taxa. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 279-283.

Baker, W. J., V. Savolainen, C. B. Asmussen-Lange, M. W.Chase, J. Dransfield, F. Forest, M. M. Harley, N. W. Uhl, and M. Wilkinson. 2009. Complete Generic-Level Phylogenetic Analyses of Palms (Arecaceae) with Comparisons of Supertree and Supermatrix Approaches. Systematic Biology 58: 240-256.

Bayton, R. P. and A. Ouedraogo. 2009. Discovering Africa’s newest palm. Palms 53: 37-45.

Bergquist, J. M. 2009. The development of a natural disaster planning template for use in plant collections management. Master’s Thesis, University of Delaware.

Bobrov, A.V, A. P. Melikan, and M. S. Romanov. 2009. Morphogenesis of fruit in Magnoliophyta. Publishing Group URSS, Moscow.

Calonje, M., C. Husby, and P. Griffith. 2009. The Cycad Collection at Montgomery Botanical Center. Public Garden 24: 25-27.

Calonje, M. and J. Meerman. 2009. What is Zamia prasina (Zamiaceae: Cycadales)? Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 31: 43-49.

Castano, F., M. Crevecoeur, and F. W. Stauffer. 2009. Contribution to the Knowledge of the Floral Structure in Sabal palmetto (Walter) Lodd. Ex Schult. (Arecaceae: Coryphoideae). Phytomorphology 59: 85-91.

Cuenca, A. and J. B. Dransfield. 2009. Phylogeny and evolution of morphological characters in tribe Chamaedoreeae (Arecaceae). Taxon 58(4): 1092-1110.

Griffith, M. P., J. L. Dowe, L. R. Noblick, and I. L. Danielson. 2009. Archontophoenix at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 192: 12-14.

Hodel, D.R. 2009. Suddenly Sabal. Palm Journal 190: 4-31.

Horn, J. W., J. B. Fisher, P. B. Tomlinson, C. E. Lewis, and K. Laubengayer. 2009.  Evolution of lamina anatomy in the palm family (Arecaceae). American Journal of Botany 96: 1462-1486.

Khorsand Rosa, R., and S. Koptur. 2009. Preliminary observations and analyses of pollination in Coccothrinax argentata: do insects play a role? Palms 53: 75-83.

Landry, C. L., Rathcke B. J., & Kass L. B. 2009. Distribution of androdioecious and hermaphroditic populations of the mangrove Laguncularia racemosa (Combretaceae) in Florida and the Bahamas.  Journal of Tropical Ecology 25: 75-83.

Meerow, A, L. Noblick, J. Borrone, T. Couvreur, M. Mauro-Herrera, W. Hahn, D. Kuhn, K. Nakamura, N. Oleas, R. Schnell. 2009. Phylogenetic Analysis of Seven WRKY Genes Across the Palm Subtribe Attaleinae (Areceaceae) Identifies Syagrus as Sister Group of the Coconut. PLoS ONE4: e7353.

Nicolalde-Morejón, F. 2009. Revisión taxonómica y códigos de barras de DNA para Zamia L. en Megaméxico. Ph.D. Dissertation, Instituto de Ecologica, Xalapa.

Ojeda, I., J. Francisco-Ortega,  and Q.C.B. Cronk. 2009. Evolution of petal epidermal micromorphology in Leguminosae and its use as a marker of petal identity. Annals of Botany 104(6):1099-1110.

Purcaro, R., K. K. Schrader, C. Burandt, M. DellaGreca, and K. M. Meepagala. 2009. Algicide Constituents from Swinglea glutinosaJ. Agric. Food Chem. DOI 10.1021/jf902561c.

Shimonski, J. 2009. An experiment in arboriculture and mosquito control. City Trees 45:6-10.


Photo of Ian Cole
Photo scientist using digital microscopy
Photo of Dr. Larry Noblick inspecting the fruiting body of a palm
Photo of Dr. Jack Fisher measuring a palm stem circumference
Photo of a group of scientists at Montgomery Botanical Center

Alvarez-Loayza, P., J. F. White Jr., N. Gil, J. C. Svenning, H. Balslev, and T. Kristiansen. 2008. Light converts endosymbiotic fungus to pathogen, influencing seedling survival and host tree recruitment. Nature Precedings hdl:10101/npre.2008.1908.1.

Bowes, B. G. and J. D. Mauseth. 2008. Plant Structure: A Color Guide. 2nd Edition. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Sudbury, Massachusetts, 288 pp.

Castaño G., F. 2008. Floral structure and systematics in the palm (Arecaceae) complex: Chelyocarpus-Cryosophila-Itaya. Master’s Thesis, Universite de Geneve.

Cibrian, A., T. Marler, and E.D. Brenner. 2008. Development of EST-microsatellites from the cycad Cycas rumphii, and their use in the recently endangered Cycas micronesicaConservation Genetics. DOI 10.1007/s10592-007-9447-3.

Cutler, D. F., T. Botha, & D. W. Stevenson.  2008.  Plant Anatomy: An Applied Approach. 302 pp. plus a CD.  Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

Dransfield, J., N. Uhl, W. J. Baker, C. B. Asmussen, M. Harley, and C. Lewis.  2008.  Genera Palmarum: The Evolution and Classification of Palms.  Kew Publishing, UK.

Fisher J., and K. Jayachandran. 2008. Beneficial role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on Florida native palms. Palms 52(3): 113-123.

Gonzalez, D., A. P. Vovides, and C. Barcenas. 2008. Phylogenetic Relationships of the Neotropical Genus Dioon (Cycadales, Zamiaceae) Based on Nuclear and Chloroplast DNA Sequence Data. Systematic Botany 33(2): 229-236.

Griffith, M. P., L. R. Noblick, J. L. Dowe, C. E. Husby, and M. Calonje. 2008. Cyclone tolerance in New World Arecaceae: biogeographic variation and abiotic natural selection. Annals of Botany 102: 591-598.

Griffith, M. P., L. R. Noblick, and A. A. Strader. 2008. Sabal collections at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 189: 8-9.

Moynihan, J. 2008. Dioon Lindl. (Zamiaceae): Perspectives from phylogeny and a population genetic study of Dioon edule. Doctoral Dissertation, Florida International University, Miami.

Nicolalde-Morejón, F., A. P. Vovides, D. W. Stevenson, and V. Sosa. 2008. The identity of Zamia katzeriana and Z. verschaffeltii (Zamiaceae).  Brittonia 60:38-48.

Noblick, L. R., C. E. Husby, and M. P. Griffith. 2008. The Palm Collection at Montgomery Botanical Center. Public Garden 23: 26-29.

Osborne, R., D. Stevenson, & A. Vovides. 2008.  What is Ceratozamia fuscoviridis? Delpinoa 48: 5-10. [2006].

Pollet, C. 2008. Ecorces: Voyage dans l’intimité des arbes du monde. Ulmer, Paris.

Riffle, R. L. 2008. Timber Press Pocket Guide to Palms. Timber Press, Portland.

Vovides, A. P., S. Avendaño, M. A. Pérez-Farrera, and J. González-Astorga Novon. 2008. A New Species of Ceratozamia (Cycadales, Zamiaceae) from Veracruz, Mexico. NOVON: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 18(1): 109-114.

Zee, B.M. 2008.  Effects of a desaturase inhibitor on the tissue lipid composition and dietary preference of the Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungorus).  Thesis, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA.


Photo of Dr. Barry Tomlinson inspecting a palm at the water's edge
Photo of Dr. Dennis Stevenson with a cycad
Photo of Dr. Larry Noblick and Dr. Bee Gunn with a palm
Photo of Dr. Larry Noblick using the computer
Photo of researchers using a laptop
Photo of scientists during a luncheon
Photo of scientist attempting microcycas pollination by hand

Brenner E. D., D. W. Stevenson, M. S. Katari, R. W. McCombie, S. A. Rudd, S. J. Runko, R. A. Martienssen, & G. M. Coruzzi. 2007. Genomic studies in Cycas rumphii Miquel. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 97: 181-193.

Brenner E. D., D. W. Stevenson, J. Chiu, S. J. Runko, P. M. Palenchar, & G. M. Coruzzi. 2007. Defining the role of BMAA and its potential glutamate receptor targets in Arabidopsis thaliana and Cycas rumphii.  Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 97: 236-253.

Calonje, M. 2007. History, Growth Rate, and Phenology of Microcycas calocoma in South Florida. The Cycad Newsletter 30: 20-21.

Calonje, M. 2007. Phenology of Dioon merolae. The Cycad Newsletter 30: 11.

Calonje, M. A. 2007. Growth and phenology of Zamia inermis at Montgomery Botanical Centre. Encephalartos 91: 21-22.

Couvreur, T. L. P., W. J. Hahn, J-J. de Granville, J-L. Pham, B. Ludeña, and J-C. Pintaud. 2007. Phylogenetic Relationships of the Cultivated Neotropical Palm Bactris Gasipaes (Arecaceae) with Its Wild Relatives Inferred from Chloroplast and Nuclear DNA Polymorphisms. Systematic Botany 32(3): 519-530.

Cuenca, A. and C.B. Asmussen-Lange. 2007. Phylogeny of the palm tribe. Chamaedoreeae (Arecaceae) based on plastid DNA sequences. Syst. Bot. 32: 250-263.

Davis, A., C. Lewis, J. Francisco-Ortega, and S. Zona.  2007. Differentiation among insular and continental populations of Coccothrinax argentata (Arecaceae): evidence from DNA markers and a common garden experiment. Taxon 56: 103-111.

Francisco-Oretega, J., E. Santiago-Valentín, P. Acevedo-Rodríguez, C. Lewis, J. Pipoly III, A.W. Meerow, and M. Maunder. 2007. Seed Plant Genera Endemic to the Caribbean Island Biodiversity Hotspot: A Review and a Molecular Phylogenetic Perspective. The Botanical Review 73(3): 183–234.

Griffith, M. P. and M. Calonje. 2007. Ex situ horticultural conservation of Cycas micronesica, an endangered cycad species. Association of Zoological Horticulture 2007 Conference Proceedings.

Hermsen, E., T. Taylor, E. Taylor, & D. Stevenson. 2007. Cycads from the Triassic of Antarctica: permineralized cycad leaves. Int. J. Plant Sci. 168:1099–1112.

Hill, K.D., D.W. Stevenson & R. Osborne. 2007. The world list of cycads. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Cycad Biology (CYCAD 2005), Xalapa, Mexico, January 2005. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 97:454-483.

Landry, C. L. and B. J. Rathcke. 2007. Do inbreeding depression and relative male fitness explain the maintenance of androdioecy in white mangrove, Laguncularia racemosa (Combretaceae)? New Phytologist 176: 891-901.

Leaser, D. 2007. Growing Palm Trees in Hawai’i and Other Tropical Climates. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu.

Lee, D. W. 2007. Nature’s palette: the science of plant color. University of Chicago Press.

Little, D. P. &  D. W. Stevenson. 2007. A comparison of algorithms for the identification of specimens using DNA barcodes: examples from gymnosperms. Cladistics 22:1-21.

Lopez-Gallego, Cristina. 2007. Effects of habitat degradation on the evolutionary dynamics of populations in a rainforest cycad (Gymnospermae). Ph.D. Dissertation, University of New Orleans.

Mabunda , M. A. 2007. Species-level phylogenetic reconstruction of the African cycad genus Encephalartos (Zamiaceae). Master’s thesis, University of the Western Cape, South Africa.

Meerow, A. W. and K. Nakamura. 2007. Ten microsatellite loci from Zamia integrifolia (Zamiaceae). Mol. Ecol. Notes 7: 824-826.

Meerow, A. W., D. W. Stevenson, J. Moynihan, & J. 2007. Francisco-Ortega. Unlocking the coontie conundrum: the potential of microsatellite DNA studies in the Caribbean Zamia pumila complex (Zamiaceae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 97: 484-518.

Moynihan, J., A. W. Meerow, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2007. Isolation, characterization and cross-species amplification of microsatellite loci in the cycad genus Dioon (Zamiaceae). Potential utilization in population genetics studies of Dioon edule. Molecuar Ecology Notes 7: 72-74.

Noblick, L. R. 2007. The Attalea of Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 185: 12-20.

Osborne, R., K. D. Hill, H. T. Nguyen, and L. P. Ke. 2007. Cycads of Vietnam. Tien Wah Press (Pte) Ltd, Singapore.

Trénel, P., T., M. H. G. Gustafsson., W. J. Baker, C. B. Asmussen-Lange, J. Dransfield,  and F. Borchsenius. 2007. Mid-Tertiary dispersal, not Gondwanan vicariance explains distribution patterns in the wax palm subfamily (Ceroxyloideae: Arecaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45(1): 272-88.

Pounders, C., T. Rinehart, and H. Sakhanokho. 2007. Evaluation of Interspecific Hybrids between Lagerstroemia indica and L. speciosa. HortScience 42: 1317 – 1322.

Reynertson, K. A. 2007. Phytochemical analysis of bioactive constituents from edible Myrtaceae fruits. Doctoral Dissertation, City University of New York.

Sannier, J., C. Asmussen-Lange, M. Harley, and S. Nadot. 2007. Evolution of microsporogenesis in palms. International Journal of Plant Sciences 168: 877-888.

Sass, C., D. Little, D. Stevenson, & C. Specht. 2007. DNA Barcoding in the Cycadales: Testing the potential of proposed barcoding markers for species identification of cycads. PLoS ONE 11: 1-10.

Swinscoe, S. 2007. Cap sur la Floride. Le Palmier 50:12-15.

Wiese C. and C. Mannion. 2007. Managing Cycad Aulacaspis Scale (Aulacaspis yasumatusi Takagi) at Montgomery Botanical Center, USA.

Vovides. A. , D. Stevenson, and R. Osborne (ed.). Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 97: Proceedings of Cycad 2005, the 7th International Conference on Cycad Biology, pp 64-72.

Witono, J.R. and K. Kondo. 2007. Genetic relationships of Pinanga coronata accessions by RAPD markers. Chromosome Botany 2(3): 93-97.

Zona, Scott, R. Verdecia, A. L. Sanchez, C. E. Lewis, and M. Maunder. 2007. The conservation status of West Indian palms (Arecacea). Oryx 41: 300-305.



Archive Photo of Nell Montgomery

Asmussen, C. B., J. Dransfield, V. Deickmann, A. S. Barfod, J.-C. Pintaud, and W. J. Baker. 2006. A new subfamily classification of the palm family (Arecaceae): Evidence from plastid DNA phylogeny. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 151: 15-38.

Chase,M., M. Fay, D. Devey, N. Rønsted, J. Davies, Y. Pillon, G. Petersen, O. Seberg, C. Asmussen, K. Hilu, T. Borsch, J. Davis, D. Stevenson, J. Pires, & S. Graham. 2006. Multi-gene analyses of monocot relationships: a summary. Aliso 22: 63-76.

De Castro, O., M. Vázquez-Torres, and P. De Luca. 2006. Utility of AFLP markers for the assessment of molecular relationships in Ceratozamia Brongn. (Zamiaceae), Plant Biosystems 140:221-228.

de la Torre, J., M. G. Egan, M. Katari, E. D. Brenner, D. W. Stevenson, G. M. Coruzzi, & R. DeSalle. 2006. ESTimating plant phylogeny: lessons from partitioning. BMC Evolutionary Biology 6:48-87.

Henderson, F. & D. Stevenson. 2006. A phylogenetic study of the Arecaceae based on seedling morphological and anatomical data. Aliso: 251-264.

Hermsen, E., E. Taylor, T. Taylor, & D. Stevenson. 2006. Cataphylls of the middle Triassic cycad Antarcticycas schopfii and new insights into cycad evolution.  Amer. J. Bot. 93: 724–738. 2006.

Islam, M.B. and M.P. Simmons. 2006. A thorny dilemma: testing alternative intrageneric classifications within Ziziphus (Rhamnaceae). Systematic Botany 31: 826-842.

Noblick, L. R. 2006. The Grassy Butia: Two New Species and a New Combination. Palms 50: 167-178.

Noblick, L. R. 2006. The Attalea of Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 185: 12-20.

Noblick, L. R., M. P. Griffith, and I. L. Danielson. 2006. Montgomery Botanical Center’s Ptychosperma and Veitchia collections. The Palm Journal 183: 16-18.

Ross, S. A., K. S. Krishnaveni, and C. L. Burandt. 2006. Two new benzofuran derivatives from the roots of Zanthoxylum flavum. Journal of Chemical Research 6: 406-407.

Sannier, J., S. Nadot, A. Forchioni, M. Harley, and B. Albert. 2006. Variation in the microsporogenesis of monosulcate palm pollen. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 151: 93-102.

Specht, C. & D. Stevenson. 2006. A new phylogeny-based generic classification of Costaceae (Zingiberales). Taxon 55: 153-163.

Stevenson, D. 2006. Zamiaceae. Flora of Venezuelean Guayana. Vol. 9: 575-576.

Zona, S. 2006. Cyanogenesis in hearts of palm (Arecaceae). Tropical Science 46(3): 180-184.


Archive Photo of Robert H. Montgomery holding seedlings

Andrews, M. 2005. Syagrus at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 179: 14-16.

Artabe, A., A. Zamuner, & D. Stevenson. 2005. Fossil Zamiaceae-Encephalartoideae stems: a new genus and reappraisal of the known forms. Alcheringa 29 (1): 87-100.

Brenner, E. & D. Stevenson. 2005.  Using genomics to study evolutionary origins of seeds.  Pp. 1- 21 in C. Williams (ed), Landscapes, Genomics, and Transgenic Conifers. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Calonje, M. A. 2005. Cycad propagation for preservation. Master’s Thesis, Humboldt State University.

Carlquist, S. 2005. Wood and bark anatomy of Muntingiaceae: A phylogenetic comparison within Malvales s. l. Brittonia 57: 59-67.

Chaw S. M., T. W. Walters, C. C. Chang, S. H. Hu, and S. H. Chen. 2005. A phylogeny of cycads (Cycadales) inferred from chloroplast matK gene, trnK intron, and nuclear rDNA ITS region. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 214-234.

Davenport, M. 2005. Syagrus coronata: a palm with a twist. The Palm Journal 179: 12-13.

Fisher, J. B. and K. Jayachandran. 2005. Presence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in South Florida native plants. Mycorrhiza 15: 580-588.

Griffith, M. P. 2005. Étonnant, non? L’étrange palmier bonbonne du Montgomery Botanical Center. Latania (Réunion) 14: 33.

Griffith, M. P.  2005. Un palmier bouteille peu commun au Centre Botanique de Montgomery (Floride). Le Palmier (France) 45: 17.

Klavins, S. D., D. W. Kellogg, M. Krings, E. L. Taylor, and T. N. Taylor. 2005. Coprolites in a Middle Triassic cycad pollen cone: evidence for insect pollination in early cycads? Evolutionary Ecology Research, 2005, 7: 479-488.

Kovarik, P. W. and S. R. Reitz. 2005. Oestrophasia (Cenosoma) sabroskyi (Diptera: Tachinidae), a Parasitoid of Artipus floridanus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Taxonomy and Bionomics. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 98(3): 245-251.

Lambert, J. B., Y. Wu, and J. A. Santiago-Blay.  2005. Taxonomic and Chemical Relationships Revealed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra of Plant Exudates. Journal of Natural Products 68(5): 635-648.

Moore, R. 2005. Finding Syagrus in the Lost World. The Palm Journal 179: 31-34.

Noblick, Larry. 2005. A Syagrus update. The Palm Journal 179: 5-8.

Trautlein, J. P. Vorster, and M. Wink. 2005. Molecular Relationships in Encephalartos (Zamiaceae, Cycadales) Based on Nucleotide Sequences of Nuclear ITS 1&2, Rbcl, and Genomic ISSR Fingerprinting. Plant Biology 7: 79-90.

Wiese, C., D. Amalin, R. Coe, and C. Mannion. 2005. Effects of the parasitic wasp, Coccobius fulvus, on cycad aulacaspis scale, Aulacaspis yasumatsui, at Montgomery Botanical Center, Miami, Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 118: 319-321.


Andrews, M. 2004. Nypa fruticans: The Nypas of Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 177: 8-11.

Artabe, A., A. Zamuner, & D. Stevenson. 2004. Two new petrified cycad stems, Brunoa gen. nov. and Worsdellia gen. nov., from the Cretaceous of Patagonia (Bajo De Santa Rosa, Province of Rio Negro), Argentina. Bot. Rev. 70: 121-133.

Barwick, M. 2004. Tropical and Subtropical Trees: An Encyclopedia. Timber Press.

Barwick, M. and A. van der Schans. 2004. Tropical and Subtropical Trees: A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide. Thames and Hudson Ltd.

Bogler, D. J. and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2004. Molecular systematic studies in cycads: Evidence from trn L Intron and ITS2 rDNA sequences. Botanical Review 70: 260-273.

Caputo, P., S. Cozzolino, P. De Luca, A. Moretti, & D. Stevenson. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of Zamia. Pp. 149-158 in T. Walters & R. Osborne (eds), Cycad Classification: Concepts and Recommendations. CABI Publishing, Oxford.

Chen, Chai-Jui, K. D. Hill, & D. Stevenson. 2004. Comments on Cycas, Dyerocycas, and Epicycas (Cycadaceae). Pp. 57-68 in T. Walters & R. Osborne (eds), Cycad Classification: Concepts and Recommendations. CABI Publishing, Oxford.

Chuang, S-L. and J-M. Hu. 2004. The Evolution of Chloroplast matK Genes, Including Identification of New Homologues from Ophioglossum petiolatum and Two Lycophytes. Taiwania 49(4): 273-287.

Dower, B., R. Bateman, & D. Stevenson. 2004. Systematic, ontogenetic and phylogenetic Implications of exceptional anatomically preserved cycadophyte leaves from the Middle Jurassic of Bearreraig Bay, Skye, Northwest Scotland. Bot. Rev. 70: 105-120.

Emshousen, C. 2004. Management of Cycad Aulacaspis yasumatsui Takagi. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 117: 305-307.

Gunn B. F. 2004. The phylogeny of the Cocoeae (Arecaceae) with emphasis on Cocos nucifera. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 91:505–522.

Hill, K., D. Stevenson, & R. Osborne. 2004. Appendix 1: The World List of Cycads. Pp. 219-236 in T. Walters & R. Osborne (eds), Cycad Classification: Concepts and Recommendations. CABI Publishing, Oxford.

Hill. K., D. Stevenson, & R. Osborne. 2004. The World List of Cycads. Bot. Rev. 70: 274-298.

Lorenzi, H., H. M. de Souza, J. T. De Medeiros-Costa, L. S. C de Cerqueria, and E. Ferreira. 2004. Palmeiras Brazileiras e Exoticas Cultivadas. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora, Nova Odessa.

Ma, J, H. Yang, M. J. Basile, and E. J. Kennelly.  2004.  Analysis of Polyphenolic Antioxidants from the Fruit of Three Pouteria Species by Selected Ion Monitoring Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry.  Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52(19): 5873-5878.

Noblick, L. R. 2004. Syagrus cearensis, a twin-stemmed new palm from Brazil. Palms 48 (2): 70-76.

Noblick, L. R. 2004. Syagrus vermicularis, a fascinating new palm from Northern Brazil. Palms 48(3): 109-116.

Noblick, L. R. 2004. Transfer of Syagrus campicola to Butia. Palms 48(1): 42.

Norstog, K., E. M. Gifford, & D. Stevenson. 2004. Comparative development of the spermatazoids of cycads and Ginkgo bilobaBot. Rev. 70: 5-15.

Schutzman, B. 2004. Systematics of Meso-American Zamia (Zamiaceae). Walters, T., and R. Osbourne (eds.).Cycad Classification: Concepts and Recommendations. CABI Publishing, Cambridge, pp. 159-172.

Stevenson, D. 2004. Cycads of Colombia. Bot Rev. 70: 194-234.

Stevenson, D. 2004. Zamiaceae of Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru.  Pp. 173-194 in T. Walters & R. Osborne (eds), Cycad Classification: Concepts and Recommendations. CABI Publishing, Oxford.

Tang, W. 2004. Seed position in a cone and its affects on sex determination in two species of Zamia. Lindstrom, J. A. (ed.). The biology, Structure and Systematics of the Cycadales: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Cycad Biology, Thailand. Nong Nooch Tropical Botanical Garden, pp. 92-101.

Walters, T. W. 2004. What exactly is a population-based botanical garden collection? The Cycad Newsletter 27: 4-5.


Banack, S. A. and Paul Alan Cox. 2003. Distribution of the neurotoxic nonprotein amino acid BMAA in Cycas micronesica. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 143: 165-168.

Bao, X., J. J. Thelen, G. Bonaventure, and J. B. Ohlrogge. 2003. Characterization of Cyclopropane Fatty-acid Synthase from Sterculia foetida. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278: 12846-12853.

Brenner, E., D. Stevenson, & R. Twigg. 2003. Cycads: Evolutionary innovations and the role of plant-derived neurotoxins. Trends in Plant Science 8: 446-452.

Brenner, E. D., D. W. Stevenson, R. W. McCombie, M. S. Katari, S. A. Rudd, K. F. X. Mayer, P. M. Palenchar, S. J. Runko, R. W. Twigg, G. Dai, R. A. Martienssen, P. N. Benfey and G. M. Coruzzi. 2003. Expressed sequence tag analysis in Cycas, the most primitive living seed plant. Genome Biology 4: R78.

Donaldson, J., K. Hill, & D. W. Stevenson. 2003. Cycads of the world: an overview. Pp. 3-8. in J. Donaldson (ed.), Cycads: Status, Survey, and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cycad Specialist Group. IUCN. Gland, Switzerland.

Gibbons, M. 2003. A Pocket Guide to Palms. Chartwell Books, Edison.

Gregory, T. J., J. Chemnick, S. Salas-Morales, and A. P. Vovides. 2003. A new species in the genus Dioon (Zamiaceae) from north-central Oaxaca, Mexico. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 471-476.

Hill, K., M. Chase, D. Stevenson, H. Hills, & B. Schutzman. 2003. The families and genera of cycads: a molecular phylogenetic analysis of Cycadophyta based on nuclear and plastid DNA.  Int. J. Plant Sci. 164: 933-948.

Klavins, S. D., E. L. Taylor, M. Krings, and T. N. Taylor. 2003. Gymnosperms from the Middle Triassic of Antarctica: The First Structurally Preserved Cycad Pollen Cone. Int. J Plant Sci. 164: 1007-1020.

Lacock, L., C. van Niekerk, S. Loots, F. du Preez, and A. Botha. 2003. Functional and comparative analysis of expressed sequences from Diuraphis noxia infested wheat obtained utilizing the conserved Nucleotide Binding Site. African Journal of Biotechnology 2(4): 75-81.

Llamas, K. A. 2003. Tropical flowering plants: a guide to identification and cultivation. Timber Press. 423 pp.

Ma, J, X-D. Luo, P. Protiva, H. Yang, C. Ma, M. J. Basile, I. B. Weinstein, and E. J. Kennelly.  2003. Bioactive Novel Polyphenols from the Fruit of Manilkara zapota (Sapodilla). Journal of Natural Products 66: 983-986.

Riffle, R. L., and P. Craft. 2003. An encyclopedia of cultivated palms. Timber Press, Portland.

Stevenson, D. W., A. Vovides, & J. Chemnick  2003. Regional Overview: New World. Pp. 31-38. in J. Donaldson (ed.), Cycads: Status, Survey, and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cycad Specialist Group. IUCN. Gland, Switzerland.

van Niekerk, C. 2003. Analysis of gene expression in Triticum aestivum L. cv. ‘Tugela DN’ after Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia Mordvilko) infestation. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pretoria.

Walters, T. W. 2003. Off-Site Collections. 2003. Donaldson, J. (ed.). Status survey and conservation action plan: Cycads. IUCN (World Conservation Union), Switzerland, pp. 48-53.

Walters, T. W. 2003. Cycad focus: Cycas panzhihuanensis. The Cycad Newsletter 26: 10-11.


Adams, R. 2002. Panamanian paradise revisited. The Cycad Newsletter 25: 7-9

Adams, R. 2002. Panamanian paradise revisited. Encephalartos 70: 6-8.

Bao X., S. Katz, M. Pollard, and J. Ohlrogge. 2002. Carbocyclic fatty acids in plants: biochemical and molecular genetic characterization of cyclopropane fatty acid synthesis of Sterculia foetida. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99: 7172-7177.

Hahn, W. J. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis of the Arecoid Line of palms based on plastid DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 23(2): 189-204.

Hahn, W. J. 2002. A molecular phylogenetic study of the Palmae (Arecaceae) based on atpB, rbcL, and 18S nrDNA sequences. Systematic Biology 51: 92-112.

John, N., A. Lott, J. C. Liu, K. A. Pennell, A. Lesage, and M. M. West. 2002. Iron-rich particles and globoids in embryos of seeds from phyla Coniferophyta, Cycadophyta, Gnetophyta, and Ginkgophyta: characteristics of early seed plants. Can. J. Bot. 80: 954-961.

Kim, N-C., D. Kim, and A. D. Kinghorn. 2002. New Triterpenoids from the Leaves of Abrus precatorius. Natural Product Research 16: 261-266.

Schneider, D., M.Wink, and F. Sporer. 2002. Cycads: their evolution, toxins, herbivores and insect pollinators. Naturwissenschaften 89: 281-294.

Stevenson, D. 2002. Gymnosperms. Pp. 399- 404 in N. Eldredge (ed.), Life on Earth. Vol. 1. ABC-CLIO, Inc., Santa Barbara.

Treutlein, J. and Wink, W. 2002. Molecular phylogeny of cycads inferred from rbcL sequences. Naturwissenschaften 89: 221-225.

Whitelock, L. 2002. Focus on growing cycads: Zamia inermis. The Cycad Newsletter 25: 10-11.

Zona, S. 2002. A revision of Pseudophoenix. PALMS 46: 19–38.


Hossaert-McKey, M. and J. L. Bronstein. 2001. Self-pollination and its costs in a monoecious fig (Ficus aurea, Moraceae) in a highly seasonal subtropical environment. American Journal of Botany 88: 685-692.

Lee, D. W. and T. M. Collins. 2001. Phylogenetic and Ontogenetic Influences on the Distribution of Anthocyanins and Betacyanins in Leaves of Tropical Plants. Int. J Plant Sci. 162(5): 1141-1153.

Maunder, M., B. Lyte, J. Dransfield, and W. Baker. 2001. The conservation value of botanic garden palm collections. Biological Conservation 98: 259-271.

Migliaccio, C. 2001. The genus Heterospathe in cultivation. Palms 45: 15-21.

Specht, C., J. Kress, D. Stevenson, & R. DeSalle. 2001. A molecular phylogeny of the Costaceae (Zingiberales).  Mol. Phyl. Evol. 21: 333-345.

Stevenson, D. 2001. Cycadaceae.  Flora Nicaragua 1: 2-3.

Stevenson, D. 2001. Zamiaceae. Flora Nicaragua 1: 6-7.

Stevenson, D. 2001. Cycadales.  Flora de Colombia 21: 1-92.

Tomlinson, P. B. 2001. Biology of Trees Native to Tropical Florida. Second Edition. Published Privately. Harvard Printing and Publications Services, Allston.

Walters, T. W., E. Schroyer, and S. Cuestas. 2001. Montgomery Botanical Center’s cycad collection: a 2001 update on the collections. The Cycad Newsletter 24: 8-11.

Witono, J. R. 2001. Taxonomic account of Pinanga and phenetic study of clustered Pinanga of Java and Bali. Master’s Thesis, Universitas Indonesia.


Lewis, C. and S. Zona. 2000. A survey of cyanogenesis in palms (Arecaceae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 28: 219-228.

Tang, W. 2000. Cycad cone beetles shifting to new species. Encephalartos 64:25.


Artabe. A. & D. Stevenson. 1999. Fossil Cycadales of Argentina.  Bot. Rev. 65: 219-239.

Chen, Chai-jui & D. Stevenson. 1999. Cycadaceae.  In: Flora of China. Vol. 4: 1-7.

Corman, M. J. 1999. Landscape palms available for the new millennium. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 112: 251-252.

Fisher,  J. B. and K. Jayachandran. 1999. Root structure and arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of the palm Serenoa repens under field conditions. Plant and Soil 217: 229-241.

Fisher, J.B. and K.J. Maidman.  1999.  Branching and architecture in palms: value for systematics.  Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 83: 35-46.

Howard, F. W., A. Hamon, M. McLaughlin, T. Weissling, and S. Yang. 1999. Aulacaspis yasumatsui (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Diaspididae), a scale insect pest of cycads recently introduced into Florida. Florida Entomologist 82: 14-27.

Kim, N.-C., A. D. Kinghorn, and D. S. H. L. Kim. 1999. Semisynthesis of Abrusoside A Methyl Ester. Org. Lett. 1(2): 223-224.

Osborne, R., D. Stevenson, & K. Hill. 1999. The world list of cycads. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Cycad Biology. Pp. 224-239. International Academic Publishers, Bejing.

Stevenson, D. 1999. Cupressaceae, Ephedraceae, Gnetaceae, Pinaceae, Podocarpaceae, Taxodiaceae, Zamiaceae.  In: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador.  Eds. P. M. Jorgensen & S. León-Yánez, Pp. 189-190. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Thomas, M. C. and C. W. O’Brian.  1999. On the genus Anchonus Schönherr in Florida (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Insecta Mundi 13(3-4): 229-233.

Yang S. L., T. W. Walters, and D. Decker-Walters. 1999. Systematic implications of allozyme data of Chinese cycads. Biology and Conservation of Cycads, pp. 187-197.

Zona, S. & D. Fuller. 1999. A revision of Veitchia (Arecaceae–Arecoideae). Harvard Papers in Botany 4: 543–560.

Zona, S. 1999. New perspectives on generic limits and relationships in the Ptychospermatinae (Palmae: Arecoideae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83: 255-263.


Bernal, R. 1998. The growth form of Phytelephas seemannii – a potentially immortal solitary palm. Principes42: 15-23.

Bronstein, J. L., D. Vernet, and M. Hossaert-McKey. 1998. Do fig wasps interfere with each other during oviposition? Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 87: 321-324.

Charlton, W. A. 1998. Pendulum symmetry. Pp. 61-86 in Roger V. Jean, R. V. and D. Barabé (eds.) 1998. Symmetry in plants. World Scientific.

Noblick, L. R.  1998.  Predicting cold hardiness in palms.  Hardy Palms International 35: 30-35.

Norstog, Knut, and Nicholls, Trevor J. 1998. The Biology of the Cycads. Cornell U. Press, Ithaca, N.Y.

Stevenson, D., K. Norstog, & P. Fawcett. 1998. Pollination biology of cycads.  In: Reproductive Biology: In systematics, conservation, and economic botany. Eds. S. Owens & P. Rudall. Pp. 277-294. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Stevenson, D., A. Moretti, & L. Gaudio. 1998. A new species of Zamia (Zamiaceae) from Belize and the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. Delpinoa 37-38: 3-8. [1995-1996].

Stevenson, D., S. Sabato, A. Moretti, & P. De Luca. 1998. What is Zamia fischeri Miquel? Delpinoa 37-38: 9-17. [1995-1996].

Hill, K. & Stevenson, D. 1998-present. The Cycad Pages.

Zona, S. 1998. Chuniophoenix in cultivation. Principes 42:198–200.


Fisher, J. B., G. Angeles A., F. W. Ewers, and J. Lopez-Portillo. 1997. Survey of Root Pressure in Tropical Vines and Woody Species. International Journal of Plant Sciences 158: 44-50.

Marler, T.E. and L. E. Willis.  1997.  Leaf gas-exchange characteristics of sixteen cycad species.  Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 122: 38-42.

Pan, M., T. J. Mabry, P. Cao and M. Moini. 1997. Identification of nonprotein amino acids from cycad seeds as N-ethoxycarbonyl ethyl ester derivatives by positive chemical-ionization gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography 787: 288-294.

Pascarella, J. B. 1997. Breeding systems of Ardisia Sw. (Myrsinaceae). Brittonia 49: 45-53.

Pascarella, J. B. 1997. Pollination Ecology of Ardisia escallonioides (Myrsinaceae). Castanea 62(1): 1-7.

Stevenson, D. W. 1997.  Cycadaceae, Gnetaceae, Pinaceae, Podocarpaceae, & Zamiaceae. In: Checklist of the plants of the Guianas. 2nd. Edition. Eds. J. Boggan, et al. Pp. 90, 112, 165, 175, & 209. Smithsonian Institution. Washington,  D. C.

Walters, T. W., E. Shroyer, and L. Anderson. 1997. Scale and South Florida Cycas. The Cycad Newsletter 20: 13-15.

Yang, S. L. and A. W. Meerow. 1997. Genetic variation in Chinese cycad populations.

Chen, S. and D. W. Stevenson (eds.), Proceedings of the IV International Symposium on Cycad Biology, Beijing, pp. 71-82.


Caputo, P., S. Cozzolino, L. Gaudio, A. Moretti, & D. Stevenson. 1996.  Karyology and phylogeny of some Mesoamerican species of Zamia (Zamiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 83: 1513-1520.

Fisher J.B., J. N. Burch, and L. R. Noblick. 1996. Stem structure of the Cuban Belly Palm (Gastrococcus crispa). Principes 40: 125-128.

Kennelly, E. J., L. Cai, N. C. Kim and A. D. Kinghorn. 1996. Abrusoside e, a further sweet-tasting cycloartane glycoside from the leaves of Abrus precatorius. Phytochemistry 41:  1381-1383.

Lorenzi, H., H. M. de Souza, J. T. De Medeiros-Costa, L. S. C de Cerqueria, and N. von Behr. 1996. Palmeiras No Brazil. Editora Plantarum, Nova Odessa.

Marler, T. E. and D. Willis. 1996. Chemical or air-root pruning containers improve carambola, longan, and mango seedling root morphology and initial root growth after transplanting.  Journal of Environmental Horticulture 14: 47-49.

Marler, T. E. and D. Willis.  1996. Root and stem growth patterns of young ‘Mauritius’ lychee trees.  HortScience 31: 815-818.

Noblick, L. R.  1996. Syagrus. The Palm Journal 126: 12-44.

Stevenson, D., K. Norstog, &  D. Molsen. 1996. Midribs of cycad pinnae.  Brittonia 48: 67-74.

Yang, S. L. and A. W. Meerow. 1996. The Cycas pectinata (Cycadaceae) complex: genetic structure and gene flow. Intl. J. Plant Sci. 157: 468-483.

Zona, S. 1996. Roystonea (Arecaceae: Arecoideae). Flora Neotropica 71: 1-35.


Arbo, M. M. 1995. Turneraceae: Parte I Piriqueta. Flora Neotropica 67: 1-156.

Chase, M.W., D. Stevenson, P. Wilkin, & P.J. Rudall. 1995. Monocot systematics: a  combined analysis.  Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution. Eds. P. Rudall, P. Cribb, D. Cutler, C. Humphries. Pp. 685-730. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Marler, T. E., and D. Willis. 1995. Chemical or Air Pruning Influences Containerized Roots of Carambola, Longan, and Mango Seedlings. HortScience 30: 888.

Osborne, R. 1995. Montgomery Microcycas calocoma seeds. Encephalartos 43:31.

Stevenson, D., R. Osborne & K.D. Hill. 1995. The world list of cycads. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Cycad Biology. Pp. 55-64. Cycad Society of South Africa. 

Stevenson, D.,  P. DeLuca, A. Moretti, G. Siniscalco Gigliano, P. Caputo, S. Cozzolino, L. Gaudio, E.T. Wurtzel, & R. Osborne. 1995. Molecular systematics of cycads.  Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Cycad Biology. Pp. 131-137. Cycad Society of South Africa.

Stevenson, D. & H. Loconte. 1995. A cladistic analysis of monocot families. In: Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution. Eds. P. Rudall, P. Cribb, D. Cutler, C. Humphries. Pp. 543-578. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Walter, T. W., S.-L. Yang, H. Pu, and D.S. Decker-Walters. 1995. Cycads of China: Observations from a 1992 Expedition. Vorster, P. (ed.). Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Cycad Biology. Cycad Society of South Africa, Stellenbosch, pp. 163-191.


Marler, T. E., and L. E. Willis. 1994. Root and Shoot growth patterns of ‘Mauritius’ lychee trees. HortScience 29: 540.

Meurer-Grimes, B & D. Stevenson. 1994. The biflavones of the Cycadales revisted I: biflavones in Stangeria eriopus, Chigua restrepoi, and 32 other species in the Cycadales.  Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 22: 595-603.

Nixon, K., W. Crepet, D. Stevenson, & E-M. Friis. 1994. A reevaluation of seed plant phylogeny. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 81: 484-533.

Noblick, L. R. 1994. The Morphology and Taxonomy of the Arecaceae (Palmae). Acta Horticulturae 360: 19-25.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1994. The Botany of Mangroves.  Cambridge University Press. Second edition.


Buisson, D. and D. W. Lee. 1993. The Developmental Responses of Papaya Leaves to Simulated Canopy Shade. American Journal of Botany 80: 947-952.

Caputo, P., C. Marquis, D. Stevenson & E. Wurtzel. 1993. Molecular biology in cycad systematics. In: The Biology, Structure and Systematics of the Cycadales: Proceedings Cycad 90, the Second International Conference on Cycad Biology. Eds. D. W. Stevenson & K. Norstog. Pp. 213-219. Palm & Cycad Societies of Australia Ltd., Milton, Australia.

Caputo, P., S. Cozzolino, A. Moretti, P. DeLuca & D. Stevenson. 1993. Cladistics of Dioon (Zamiaceae). Giorn. Bot. Ital. 127: 3.

Jones, D. L. 1993. Cycads of the world. Smithsonian Institution Press., Washington.  

Moretti, A., P. Caputo, S. Cozzolino, P. DeLuca, L. Gaudio, G. Siniscalco Gigliano & D. W. Stevenson. 1993. A phylogenetic analysis of Dioon (Zamiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 80: 204-214.

Meurer-Grimes, B. & D. Stevenson. 1993. Biflavones in Chigua restrepoi and Stangeria eriopus. Planta Medica Suppl. 125.

Stevenson, D. 1993. The Zamiaceae in Panama with comments on phytogeography and species relationships. Brittonia 45: 1-16.

Stevenson, D. 1993. The biogeography of the neotropical cycads and its bearing on the Refugium Theory. In: The Biology, Structure and Systematics of the Cycadales: Proceedings Cycad 90, the Second International Conference on Cycad Biology.  Eds. D. W. Stevenson & K. Norstog. Pp. 383-384. Palm & Cycad Societies of Australia Ltd., Milton, Australia.

Stevenson, D., & R. Osborne. 1993. The world list of cycads. In: The Biology, Structure and Systematics of the Cycadales: Proceedings Cycad 90, the Second International Conference on Cycad Biology.  Eds. D. W. Stevenson & K. Norstog. Pp. 354-364. Palm & Cycad Societies of Australia Ltd., Milton, Australia.


Stevenson, D. 1992. A formal classification of the extant cycads. Brittonia 44: 220-223.

Walters, T. W. 1992. The changing nature of botanical garden collections: the cycad case. The Public Garden 7:35.


Caputo, P., D. Stevenson, & E. Wurtzel. 1991. A phylogenetic analysis of American Zamiaceae (Cycadales) using chloroplast DNA restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Brittonia 43: 135-145. 

Moretti, A., P. Caputo, L. Gaudio, & D. Stevenson. 1991. Intraspecific chromosone variation in Zamia (Zamiaceae, Cycadales). Caryologia 44: 1-10. 

Stevenson, D. 1991. The Zamiaceae in the Southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arb. Suppl. Series 1: 367-383.

Stevenson, D. W. 1991. Cycadaceae. Flora of the Guianas. Ser. A, Fasc. 9: 3-6.

Stevenson, D. W. 1991. Zamiaceae. Flora of the Guianas. Ser. A, Fasc. 9: 7-11.

Terrazas, T. 1991. Origin and Activity of Successive Cambia in Cycas (Cycadales). American Journal of Botany 78: 1335-1344.


Loconte, H., & D. Stevenson. 1990. Cladistics of the Spermatophyta. Brittonia 42: 197-211.

Norstog, K. J. 1990. Studies of cycad reproduction at Fairchild Tropical Garden. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 57: 63-81. 

Stevenson, D. W. 1990. Morphology and Systematics of the Cycadales. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 57: 8-55.

Tang, W. 1990. Reproduction in the cycad Zamia pumila in a fire-climax habitat: an eight-year study. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 117: 368-374.

Tominson, P. B. 1990. Structural Biology of the Palmae. Oxford University Press.


Newell, S. J. 1989. Variation in Leaflet Morphology Among Populations of Caribbean Cycads (Zamia). American Journal of Botany 76: 1518-1523.

Stevenson, D. W., & G. Siniscalco Gigliano. 1989. The systematic value of the monosaccharide composition of cycad mucilages. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 17: 185-190.


Morton, J. F. 1988. Notes on Distribution, propagation, and products of Borassus Palms (Arecaceae). Biomedical and Life Sciences 42(3): 420-441.

Stevenson, D. W. 1988. Strobilar ontogeny in the Cycadales. Pp. 205-224. In: Aspects of Floral Evolution. Eds. P. Leins, P. Endress, & S. Tucker. J. Cramer, Stuttgart.


Stevenson, D. W. 1987. Comments on character distribution, taxonomy, and nomenclature with respect to the genus Zamia L. in the West Indies and Mexico. Encephalartos 9: 3-7.

Stevenson, D. W. 1987. Again, the West Indian Zamias.  Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 42(3): 23-27.


Norstog, K., D. W. Stevenson, & K. Niklas. 1986. The role of beetles in the pollination of Zamia furfuracea L. fil. (Zamiaceae). Biotropica 18: 300-306.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1986. The Botany of Mangroves. Vol. 1. Cambridge Series in Tropical Biology. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 413.


Stevenson, D. W. 1981. Observations on ptyxis, phenology, and trichomes in the Cycadales and their systematic implications. Amer. J. Bot. 68: 1104-1114.


Norstog, K., & D. W. Stevenson. 1980. Wind? Or insects? The pollination of cycads. Fairchild Tropical Garden Bulletin 35: 28-30.

Stevenson, D. W. 1980. Radial growth in Cycadales. Amer. J. Bot. 67: 465- 475.

Stevenson, D. W. 1980. Radial growth in Beaucarnea recurvata. Amer. J. Bot. 67: 476-489.

Stevenson, D. W. 1980. Observations on stem and root contraction in cycads (Cycadales) with special reference to Zamia pumila L. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 81: 275-281.

Stevenson, D. W. 1980. Form follows function—in cycads. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 35: 20-24.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1980. The Biology of Trees Native to Tropical Florida. Pages V + 480 (including 166 pages of illustration). Harvard University Printing Office, Allston.


Adams, D. C. and P. B. Tomlinson. 1979. Acrostichum in Florida. American Fern Journal 69: 42-46.

Popenoe, J. 1979. The genus Spondias in Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 92:277-279.


Halle, F., R. A. A. Oldeman, and P. B. Tomlinson. 1978. Tropical Trees and Forests: an Architectural Analysis. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg and New York. 441 pp.

Stevenson, D. W. 1978. The shoot apex of Bougainvillea spectabilis. Amer. J. Bot. 65: 792-794.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1978. Branching and axis differentiation in tropical trees. In: P. B. Tomlinson and M. H. Zimmermann, Eds. 1978. Tropical Trees as Living Systems. Cambridge University Press, New York.


Clift, C. 1977. Cold damage to cycads and palms at Fairchild Tropical Garden resulting from the Janaury 1977 freeze. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 90:96-98.

Milburn, J. A. and M. H. Zimmermann. 1977. Preliminary Studies on Sapflow in Cocos nucifera L. New Phytologist Trust 79: 535-541.


Gill A. M. and Tomlinson P. B. 1974. Aerial roots:  an array of forms and functions.  In: J. G. Torrey and D. T. Clarkson, Eds., The Structure and Function of Roots.  Academic Press, London. 

Parthasarathy, M. V. 1974. Mycoplasmalike Organisms Associated with Lethal Yellowing Disease of Palms.  Phytopathology 64: 667-674.

Popenoe, J. 1974. Status of Annona culture in South Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 87: 342-344.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1974. Breeding mechanisms in trees native to tropical Florida – a morphological assessment.  Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 55: 269-290.

Zimmermann, M. H., P. B. Tomlinson, and J. LeClaire. 1974. Vascular construction and development in the stems of certain Pandanaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 68: 21-41.


Tomlinson, P. B. and P. Fawcett. 1972. Dioecism in Citharexylum (Verbenaceae).  Journal of the Arnold Arboretum  53: 386-389.


Tomlinson, P. B. 1971. The shoot apex and its dichotomous branching in the Nypa palm.  Annals of Botany 35: 865-879.


Popenoe, J. 1969. Tropical fruit varieties and collections in Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 82: 307-309.


M. H. Zimmermann, A. B. Wardrop, and P. B. Tomlinson. 1968. Tension wood in aerial roots of Ficus benjamina L. Wood Science and Technology 2: 95-104.


Parthasarathy, M. V. and P. B. Tomlinson.  1967. Anatomical features of metaphloem in stems of Sabal, Cocos and two other palms.  American Journal of Botany 54: 1143-1151.


Read, R.W. 1964. Palm Chromosome Studies Facilitated by Pollen Culture on a Colchicine-Lactose Medium. Biotechnic & Histochemistry 39(2): 99-106.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1964. The vascular skeleton of the coconut leaf base.  Phytomorphology 14: 218-230.


Campbell, C. W. 1962. Adaptation trials of Cordia species at Homestead, Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 75: 437-439.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1962. The leaf base in palms; its morphology and mechanical biology.  Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 43: 23-46.


McCurrach, J. 1960. Palms of the World. Harper Brothers.


Moore, H. E. 1957. Synopses of various genera of Arecoideae. 21. Veitchia. Gentes Herbarum 8: 483-536.


Dijkman, M. J., and M. B. Azoff. 1953. Notes on fruiting of Strophanthus sarmentosus in South Florida. Proceeding of the Florida State Horticultural Society 66: 200-205.


Menninger, E. A. 1952. Chorisia trees – how many kinds are there? Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 65: 266-279.


Jordahn, A. C. 1949. Observations on the propagation of palms. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 62:240-242.

Loomis, H. E. 1949. Strophanthus sarmentosus, a possible new drug plant for south Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 62: 215-217.


Jordahn, A. 1946. Promising new palm introductions. Proceeding of the Florida State Horticultural Society 59: 135-137.

Matthews, R. E. 1946. Ornamental tropical vines. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 59:131-134.


Anonymous. 1934. Work of The New York Botanical Garden. Science 79: 35-36. 

Fairchild, D. 1934. Reasons for a large general plant introduction garden in south Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 47: 117-120.