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Montgomery Botanical Center


Publications ─MBC Living Collections



Living collections are vital for basic scientific research.

The collections at Montgomery Botanical Center have been structured and curated specifically to serve the research and educational community. This follows the tradition of Colonel Robert Montgomery, and the MBC Founder, Nell Montgomery. Below, works which utilized the living collections at MBC are listed. The collections have been used for evolutionary, taxonomic, physiological, ecological, structural, and horticultural research, and also for textbooks, reference books, and popular works.


Alapetite, E., W. J. Baker, and S. Nadot. 2014. Evolution of stamen number in Ptychospermatinae (Arecaceae): Insights from a new molecular phylogeny of the subtribe. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.026

Anderson, L. 2014. Saltwater Intrusion in the Biscayne Aquifer: A case study at the Montgomery Botanical Center. Florida Turf Digest 31: 10-14.

Botanic Gardens Conservation International. 2014. Building living plant collections for conservation: a guide for public gardens.

Chomicki, G., Bidel, L. P., Baker, W. J., & Jay-Allemand, C. 2014. Palm snorkelling: leaf bases as aeration structures in the mangrove palm (Nypa fruticans). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society.

Erdei, B. 2014. A cikászok különös világa 1. Nem pálmák és nem is páfrányok. Élet és Tudomány, 2014(4): 102-104.

Erdei, B. 2014. A cikászok különös világa 2. Dinoszauruszok kortársai. Élet és Tudomány 2014(5): 147-149.

Griffith, M. P. 2014. Rumphius and Beekman: Proceedings of the Symposium for the 2011 David Fairchild Medal for Plant Exploration. Allertonia 13:1-2.

Griffith, M. P. and D. H. Lorence (Eds.) 2014. Honoring Beekman and Rumphius: Proceedings of the 2011 David Fairchild Medal for Plant Exploration Symposium. Allertonia 13.

Griffith, M. P., T. M. Magellan and P. B. Tomlinson. 2014. Variation in leaflet structure in Cycas (Cycadales:Cycadaceae): Does anatomy follow phylogeny and geography? International Journal of Plant Sciences.

Petersen, J. J., Parker, I. M. and Potter, D. 2014. Domestication of the neotropical tree Chrysophyllum cainito from a geographically limited yet genetically diverse gene pool in Panama. Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1002/ece3.948

Petersen, J. J., I. M. Parker, and D. Potter. 2014. Ten Polymorphic Microsatellite Primers in the Tropical Tree Caimito, Chrysophyllum cainito (Sapotaceae). Applications in Plant Sciences 2(2). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3732/apps.1300079.

Salas-Leiva, D., A.W. Meerow, J. Francisco-Ortega, M. Calonje, M. P. Griffith, D.W. Stevenson, and K. Nakamura. 2014. Conserved genetic regions across angiosperms help develop low copy nuclear markers in gymnosperms: an example using cycads. Molecular Ecology Resources. doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12228.

Yu, X. H., Prakash, R. R., Sweet, M., & Shanklin, J. 2014. Coexpressing Escherichia coli Cyclopropane Synthase with Sterculia foetida Lysophosphatidic Acid Acyltransferase Enhances Cyclopropane Fatty Acid Accumulation. Plant physiology 164(1), 455-465.

Zona, S. 2014. Liverworts (Marchantiophyta) of Miami, Florida, USA. Tropical Bryology 35: 43-48.



Anderson, L. M. 2013. Green Industry Best Management Practices in a Tropical Garden. Public Garden 27(1):9-11.

Bacon, C. D., F. Michonneau, A . J. Henderson, M. J. McKenna, A. M. Milroy, and M. P. Simmons. 2013.Geographic and taxonomic disparities in species diversity: dispersal and diversification rates across Wallace's Line. Evolution doi: 10.1111/evo.12084.

Ballardini, M., A. Mercuri, C. Littardi, S. Abbas,M. Couderc ,B. Ludeña, and J-C Pintaud. 2013. The chloroplast DNA locus psbZ-trnfM as a potential barcode marker in Phoenix L. (Arecaceae). Zookeys (365): 71–82.

Barrett, C. F., C. D. Specht, J. Leebens-Mack, D. W. Stevenson, W. B. Zomlefer and J. I. Davis. 2013. Resolving ancient radiations: can complete plastid gene sets elucidate deep relationships among the tropical gingers (Zingiberales)? Annals of Botany. doi: 10.1093/aob/mct264.

Bohl, K. and P. S. Stricker. 2013. Seedlings of the introduced invasive shrub Eugenia uniflora (Myrtaceae) outperform those of its native and introduced non-invasive congeners in Florida. Biological Invasions. doi: 10.1007/s10530-013-0425-z.

Burleigh G, Alphonse K, Alverson AJ, Bik HM, Blank C, Cirranello AL, Cui H, Daly M, Dietterich TG, Gasparich G, Irvine J, Julius M, Kaufman S, Law E, Liu J, Moore L, O'Leary MA, Passarotti M, Ranade S, Simmons NB, Stevenson DW, Thacker RW, Theriot EC, Todorovic S, Velazco PM, Walls RL, Wolfe JM, Yu M. 2013. Next-generation phenomics for the Tree of Life. PLOS Currents Tree of Life. doi:10.1371/currents.tol.085c713acafc8711b2ff7010a4b03733.

Calonje, M., A. W. Meerow, L. Knowles, D. Knowles, M. P. Griffith, K. Nakamura, J. Francisco-Ortega. 2013. Cycad biodiversity in the Bahamas Archipelago and conservation genetics of the Critically Endangered Zamia lucayana (Zamiaceae) Oryx 47:190-198.

Cano, A., M. Perret, and F. W. Stauffer. 2013. A revision of the genus Trithrinax (Cryosophileae, Coryphoideae, Arecaceae). Phytotaxa 136: 1-53.

Cibrian Jaramillo, A., A. Hird, N. Oleas, H. Ma, A. W. Meerow, J. Francisco-Ortega, and M. P. Griffith. 2013. Whatis the Conservation Value of a Plant in a Botanic Garden? Using Indicators to Improve Management of ex situ Collections. Botanical Review.

Conway, S. 2013. Beyond Pine Cones: An Introduction to Gymnosperms. Arnoldia 70:2-14

Davis, J., J. McNeal, C. Barrett, M. Chase, J. Cohen, M. Duvall, T. Givinish, S. Graham, G. Petersen, J. Pires, O. Seberg, D. Stevenson, & J. Leebens-Mack. 2013. Contrasting patterns of support among plastid genes and genomes for major clades of the monocotyledons. Systematics Association 83: 315-349.

Griffith M. P., E. Witcher, L. Noblick, and C. Husby. 2013. Palm stem shape correlates with hurricane tolerance, in a manner consistent with natural selection. Palms 57: 115-122.

Hodel, D. R. 2013. Coccothrinax – Always Late but Worth the Wait. The Palm Journal 203:4-21.

Kay, J. 2013. Improved efficiencies for a plant sharing programme. Gardenwise 40:19-23.

Lindstrom. A., M. Calonje, D. Stevenson, C. Husby and A. Taylor. 2013. Clarification of Zamia acuminata and a new Zamia species from Coclé Province, Panama. Phytotaxa 98: 27–42.

Lopez-Gallego, C. 2013. Genotype-by-Environment Interactions for Seedling Establishment Across Native and Degraded-Forest Habitats in a Long-Lived Cycad. Botanical Review. doi: 10.1007/s12229-013-9124-9.

Magellan, T. M., S. Cuestas, C. Husby, and M. P. Griffith. 2013. Spent Coffee Grounds Do Not Control Cycad Aulacaspis Scale. HortTechnology 23(2): 201-206.

Magellan, T. M. 2013. Service Learning at Colleges and Universities. Public Garden 28(2): 10-13.

Martel, C., L. Noblick, and F. W. Stauffer. 2013. An anatomical character to support the cohesive unit of Butia species. Palms 57(1):30-35.

Murphy, V., K. Moore, M. P. Griffith and C. Husby. 2013. Improving conservation through cultivation: nine container substrates influence growth of a rare cycad, Zamia pumila L. HortScience 48: 1168-1172.

Noblick, L. R. 2013. Leaflet anatomy verifies relationships within Syagrus (Arecaceae) and aids in identification. PhytoKeys 26: 75–99.

Noblick, L. R. 2013. Syagrus - an overview. The Palm Journal 205: 4-32.

Noblick, L. R. 2013. Syagrus stenopetala, a good species. Palms 57: 147-149.

Noblick, L. R., W. J. Hahn, and M. P. Griffith. 2013. Structural cladistic study of Cocoseae, subtribe Attaleinae (Arecaceae): Evaluating taxonomic limits in Attaleinae and the neotropical genus Syagrus. Brittonia 65(2): 232-261.

Osborne, R., M. A. Calonje, K. D. Hill, L. Stanberg, and D. W. Stevenson. 2013. CITES and Cycads: Checklist 2013. Pp. 63-114 in Rutherford, C., J. Donaldson, A. Hudson, H. N. McGough, M. Sajeva, U. Schippmann, and M. Tse-Laurence. 2013. CITES and Cycads, a user's guide. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Perrenoid, F. 2013. Rendez-vous des Fous en Floride. Le Palmier 77: 8-18.

Romain, T. 2013. Anatomy of the endemic palms of the Near and Middle East: archaeobotanical perspectives. Revue d’ethnoécologie. doi : 10.4000/ethnoecologie.1366.

Salas-Leiva, D., A. W. Meerow, M. Calonje, M. P. Griffith, J. Francisco-Ortega, D. W. Stevenson, K. Nakamura, C. E. Lewis, S. Namoff. 2013. Phylogeny of the cycads based on multiple single copy nuclear genes: congruence of concatenation and species tree inference methods. Annals of Botany. doi: 10.1093/aob/mct192.

Stevenson, D. 2013. Gymnosperms. Pp. 141-163 in Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 45, The Evolution of Plant Form. Wiley, Hoboken.

Stricker, K. B. and P. Stiling. 2013. Release from herbivory does not confer invasion success for Eugenia uniflora in Florida. Oecologia. doi: 10.1007/s00442-013-2798-1.

Thomas, R. and D. De Franceschi. 2013. Palm stem anatomy and computer-aided identification: The Coryphoideae (Arecaceae). American Journal of Botany doi: 10.3732/ajb.1200242.

Zalewski, C., S. K. Floyd, C. Furumizu, K. Sakakibara, D. W. Stevenson & J. L. Bowman. 2013. Phylogeny of Class IV HD-Zip genes and the evolution of epidermal complexity in land plants. Mol. Biol. Evol. Advance Access.

Zona, S. 2013. Millipedes transport gemmae of Calymperes palisotii (Bryophyta: Calymperaceae). Nova Hedwigia 97:477-483.

Zona, S. 2013. 2014 IPS Biennial: South Florida. Palms 57:194-198.



Bacon, C. D., A. Mora, W. L. Wagner, C. A. Jaramillo. 2012. Testing geological models of evaluation of the Isthmus of Panama in a phylogenetic framework. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2012.01281.x.

Bacon, C. D., M. J. McKenna, M. P. Simmons, and W. L. Wagner. 2012. Evaluating multiple criteria for species delimitation: an empirical example using Hawaiian palms (Arecaceae: Pritchardia). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 12:23 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-23.

Bacon, C. D., W. J. Baker, and M. P. Simmons. 2012. Miocene Dispersal Drives Island Radiations in the Palm Tribe Trachycarpeae (Arecaceae). Syst Biol (2012) doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syr123.

Barrett, C. F., J. I. Davis, J. Leebens-Mack, J. G. Conran, D. W. Stevenson. 2012. Plastid genomes and deep relationships among the commelinid monocot angiosperms. Cladistics(2012) doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00418.x.

Bobrov, A. V. F. Ch., D. H. Lorence, M. S. Romanov, and E. S. Romanova. 2012. Fruit Development and Pericarp Structure in Nypa fruticans Wurmb (Arecaceae): A Comparison with Other Palms. International Journal of Plant Sciences 173(7): 751-766.

Calonje, M., H. E. Esquivel, G. Morales, Y. A. Mora-Lizcano, and D. Stevenson. 2012. A new arborescent species of Zamia (Cycadales, Zamiaceae) from the Department of Huila, Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. Caldasia 34:283-290.

Calonje, M. and C. Calonje. 2012. Phenology of Dioon spinulosum in South Florida. The Cycad Newsletter 35:15.

Calonje, M. A., A. S. Taylor Blake, D. Wm. Stevenson, G. Holzman, and Y. A. Ramos. 2012. Zamia lindleyi: A Misunderstood Species from the Highlands of Western Panama. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106:419-437.

de Laubenfels, D. J., C. E. Husby, and M. P. Griffith. 2012. Further Nomenclatural Action for the Cypresses (Cupressaceae). Novon 22: 8-15.

Erdei, B., S. R. Manchester, Z. Kvacek. 2012. Dioonopsis Horiuchi et Kimura Leaves from the Eocene of Western North America: A Cycad Shared with the Paleogene of Japan. International Journal of Plant Sciences 173(1:) 81-95.

Faassen EJ, Gillissen F, Lürling M. 2012. A Comparative Study on Three Analytical Methods for the Determination of the Neurotoxin BMAA in Cyanobacteria. PLoS ONE 7(5): e36667. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0036667

Griffith, M. P., M. A. Calonje, D. W. Stevenson, C. E. Husby, and D. P. Little. 2012. Time, place, and relationships: cycad phenology in a phylogenetic and biogeographic context. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106: 59-81.

Heatbun, C. D., Dransfield, J., Flynn, T., Tjitrosoedirdjo, S. S., Mogea, J. P. and Baker, W. J. 2012. A monograph of the betel nut palms (Areca: Arecaceae) of East Malesia. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 168: 147–173.

Husby, C., L. Danielson, L. Noblick, P. Griffith, and A. Strader. 2012. Coccothrinax at the Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 202: 12-19.

Husby, C., L. Danielson, A. Strader, and E. Witcher. 2012. Chamaedorea at the Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 199: 42-45.

Husby, C. and G. Tasker.  2012. The Colonel's Conifers. The Tropical Garden.  67(1): 40-45.

Johnson, M.T., Carpenter, E.J., Tian, Z., Stevenson, D.W. & Wong, G.K. 2012. Evaluating Methods for Isolating Total RNA and Predicting the Success of Sequencing Phylogenetically Diverse Plant Transcriptomes. PLoS One 7(11): e50266.

Majure, L. C., R. Puente, M. P. Griffith, W. S. Judd, P. S. Soltis, and D. E. Soltis. 2012. Phylogeny of Opuntia s.s. (Cactaceae): clade delineation, geographic origins, and reticulate evolution. American Journal of Botany 99: 847–864.

Mathews, S. and D. Tremonte. 2012. Tests of the Link between Functional Innovation and Positive Selection at Phytochrome A: The Phylogenetic Distribution of Far-Red High-Irradiance Responses in Seedling Development. International Journal of Plant Sciences 173: 662-672.

Mauseth, J. D. 2012. Plants & People. Jones & Bartlett Learning, Burlington.

Moynihan, J., A. P. Vovides, J. González- Astorga, and J. Francisco- Ortega. 2012. Population Genetic Diversity in the Dioon edule Lindl. Species Complex (Zamiaceae, Cycadales): Evidence from Microsatellite Data. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106:224-250.

Moynihan, J., D. W. Stevenson, C. E. Lewis, A. P. Vovides, P. Caputo, and J. Francisco- Ortega. 2012. A Phylogenetic Study of Dioon Lindl. (Zamiaceae, Cycadales), Based on Morphology, Nuclear Ribosomal DNA, a Low- copy Nuclear Gene, and Plastid RFLPs. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106: 448-479.

Murphy, V. L. 2012. Evaluation of Inorganic and Organic Substrates on the Growth of Zamia pumila. Master's Thesis, University of Florida.

Noblick, L.R. 2012. Identifying Coccothrinax. The Palm Journal 202: 4-11.

Noblick, L. R. 2012. Syagrus x mirandina, a naturally occurring hybrid of S. coronata and S. microphylla. Palms. 57-60.

Petersen, J. J., I. M. Parker, and D. Potter. 2012. Origins and close relatives of a semi-domesticated neotropical fruit tree: Chrysophyllum cainito (Sapotaceae). Am. J. Bot. 99(3): 585-604.

Reichard, S., H. Liu, and C. Husby. 2012. Is managed relocation of rare plants another pathway for biological invasions? In J. Maschinski and K. E. Haskins (Eds.), Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate (pp. 243-261), Island Press, Washington, DC.

Riffle, R. L., P. Craft and S. Zona. 2012. The encyclopedia of cultivated palms. Second edition. Timber Press, Portland.

Santiago-Valentin, E. J. Sustache, J. Francisco-Ortega, C. Figueroa-Hernandez, J. Fuemero-Caban, and P. Griffith. 2012. Pseudophoenix sargentii on Mona Island: Conservation Survey and a New Discovery. Palms 56(3): 78-90.

Tang, W. 2012. Cone Size in the Florida Cycad, Zamia integrifolia: Trade- off between Seed Size and Seed Number. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106:511-519.

Witcher, E. 2012. A Garden's-Eye View: Botanic Garden Adds New Tools-GIS and Remote Imagery. ArcNews ERSI Vol. 34(1): 34.

Zhang W, Kramer EM, Davis CC (2012) Similar Genetic Mechanisms Underlie the Parallel Evolution of Floral Phenotypes. PLoS ONE 7(4): e36033. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0036033



Álvarez-Loayza P., J. F. White Jr., M. S.Torres, H. Balslev, T. Kristiansen, J-C. Svenning, and N. Gil. 2011. Light Converts Endosymbiotic Fungus to Pathogen, Influencing Seedling Survival and Niche-Space Filling of a Common Tropical Tree, Iriartea deltoidea. PLoS ONE 6(1): e16386. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0016386 

Asmussen-Lange, C.B., M. Maunder and M. F. Fay.  2011. Conservation genetics of the critically endangered Round Island bottle palm, Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (Arecaceae): can cultivated stocks supplement a residual wild population? Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 167: 301–310.

Anderson, L., and P. Griffith. 2011. Principles and principes: William Lyman Phillips and the palm collection at Montgomery. Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed landscapes 31(3): 196-203.

Anderson, P.J. 2011. Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms. In A Resource for Pests and Diseases of Cultivated Palms. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Service, Division of Plant Industry and Identification Technology Program, CPHST, PPQ, APHIS, USDA; Fort Collins, CO.

Antonio del Canizo, J. 2011. Palmeras: Todos los generos y 565 especies. Ediciones Mundi-Prensa, Madrid.

Calonje, M. 2011. Phenology of Cycas revoluta in South Florida. The Cycad Newsletter 34(2-3):42.

Calonje, M.,H. E. Esquivel, D. Stevenson, C. Calonje and D. Pava. 2011.A new arborescent species of Zamia from the Central Cordillera of Tolima, Colombia (Cycadales, Zamiaceae), with comments on the Z. poeppigiana species complex. Brittonia 63: 442-451.

Calonje, M. J. Kay, and M. P. Griffith. 2011. Propagation of cycad collections from seed: applied reproductive biology for conservation. Sibbaldia 9: 77-96.

Calonje M. and R. Osborne. 2011. Focus on Zamia encephalartoides D. W. Stev. Encephalartos 105:5-13.

Calonje, M., L. Knowles, D. Knowles, A. Meerow, C. Calonje, R. Adams, L. Johnson, S. Gilmer, P. Griffith, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2011. Following the steps of Donovan and Helen Correll: Exploring for cycads in The Bahama Archipelago. The Tropical Garden 66(4): 33-39.

Castaño, F., M. Crèvecoeur, J.-C. Pintaud and F. W. Stauffer. 2011. Floral structure in the neotropical palms Chelyocarpus Dammer, Cryosophila Blume and Itaya H. E. Moore (Arecaceae). Candollea 66: 65-79.

Castaño G., F., R. Spichiger, and F. W. Stauffer. 2011. Revisiting the Neotropical Genera Chelyocarpus, Cryosophila, and Itaya (Coryphoideae: Cryosophileae). Palms 55(2): 72-83.

Downing, J. L.  2011. Impacts of the Naturalized Bee Centris nitida on a Specialized Native Mutualism in Southern Florida. FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 389.

Griffith P., C. Lewis, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2011. Palm conservation in a botanic garden: a case study of the Keys Thatch Palm. Palms 55: 93-101.

Federman, S., C. Hyseni, W. Clement and A. Caccone.  Isolation of 13 novel highly polymorphic microsatellite loci for the Amazonian Palm Mauritia flexuosa L.f. (Arecaceae). Conservation Genetics Resources. DOI: 10.1007/s12686-011-9547-8.

Griffith P., A. Strader, T. Magellan, and L. Noblick. 2011. Roystonea and Pseudophoenix: essential palms at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 196: 9-11.

Hall, J. A. G. H. Walter. 2011.Does pollen aerodynamics correlate with pollination vector? Pollen settling velocity as a test for wind versus insect pollination among cycads (Gymnospermae: Cycadaceae: Zamiaceae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 104:75-92. 

Hodel, D. R. 2011. Hybrids in the genus Syagrus. Palms 55(3):141-154.

Jeanson, M. L., J. N. Labat, and D. P. Little.  2011. DNA barcoding: a new tool for palm taxonomists? Annals of Botany. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcr158.

Kay, J., A Strader, V. Murphy, L. Nghiem-Phu, M. Calonje, and M. P. Griffith 2011. Palma Corcho: A Case Study in Botanic Garden Conservation Horticulture and Economics. HortTechnology 21(4).474-481.

Knopf, P., C. Schulz, D. P. Little, T. Stützel, and D. W. Stevenson. 2011. Relationships within Podocarpaceae based on DNA sequence, anatomical, morphological, and biogeographical data. Cladistics. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00381.x

Kramer, A., A. Hird, K. Shaw, M. Dosmann, and R. Mims. 2011. Conserving North America’s Threatened Plants: Progress towards Target 8 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Botanic Gardens Conservation International U.S.  

Kramer, G. 2011. Palm tree susceptibility to hemi-epiphytic parasitism by Ficus. Master's Thesis, University of Florida.

Lee, D. and S. West. 2011. Wayside trees of tropical Florida: a guide to the native and exotic trees and palms of Miami and tropical south Florida. Tellus Books, Mebane. 

Niogret, J., P. E. Kendra, N. D. Epsky and R. R. Heath. 2011. Comparative Analysis of Terpenoid Emissions from Florida Host Trees of the Redbay Ambrosia Beetle, Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Florida Entomologist 94(4):1010-1017.

Nagalingum, N. S., C. R. Marshall, T. B. Quental, H. S. Rai, D. P. Little, and S. Mathews. 2011. Recent Synchronous Radiation of a Living Fossil. Science 334:796-799.

Nicolalde-Morejón, F., J. González-Astorga, F. Vergara-Silva and  A.P. Vovides. 2011. Perspectivas sistemáticas de Zamia (Zamiaceae) en Megaméxico: de la taxonomía alfa a los códigos de barras genéticos. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 82: 341-355.

Ojeda Alayón, I. 2011. The evolution of bird pollination in Macaronesian Lotus section Rhyncholotus (Leguminosae). Ph.D. Disseration, University of British Columbia.

Ortega-Chavez, N. and F. W. Stauffer. 2011. Ontogeny and structure of the acervulate partial inflorescence in Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (Arecaceae; Arecoideae). Annals of Botany doi:10.1093/aob/mcr149. 

Petersen, J.J., I. M. Parker, and D. Potter. 2011. Origins and close relatives of a semi-domesticated neotropical fruit tree: Chrysophyllum cainito (Sapotacea). American Journal of Botany 99(3):585-604.

Romanov, M. S., A. V. F. Ch. Bobrov, D. S. A. Wijesundara, and E. S. Romanova. 2011. Pericarp development and fruit structure in borassoid palms (Arecaceae–Coryphoideae–Borasseae) Annals of Botany doi:10.1093/aob/mcr148

Tomlinson, P.B. and B. A. Huggett. 2011. Partial shoot reiteration in Wollemia nobilis (Araucariaceae) does not arise from 'axillary meristems'  Annals of Botany; doi: 10.1093/aob/mcr031.

Tomlinson, P.B. and B. A. Huggett. 2011. Axillary meristems in the Wollemi pine: a response to Geoffrey E. Burrows. Annals of Botany; doi: 10.1093/aob/mcr262.

Tomlinson, P.B., J. Horn, and J. Fisher. 2011. The Anatomy of Palms: Arecaceae - Palmae. Oxford University Press.

Witcher, E. and P. Griffith. 2011. Remote sensing as a botanic garden tool. Arnoldia 69:23-32.


Bergquist, J. 2010. Realistic disaster planning for collections management. Public Garden 25(4): 30-31.

Calonje C. and M. Calonje. 2010. Cold winter precedes mast coning year for female Cycas panzhihuaensis plants at Montgomery Botanical Center. Encephalartos 102: 7-10.

Calonje, C, C. Husby, and M. Calonje. 2010. Germination and Early Seedling Growth of Rare Zamia spp. in Organic and Inorganic Substrates: Advancing Ex Situ Conservation Horticulture. HortScience 45:679-683.


Calonje, M., A. W. Meerow, and D. W. Stevenson. 2010. The typification of Zamia erosa and the priority of that name over Z. amblyphyllidia. Taxon 59:637-642.

Dowe, J. L. 2010. Australian Palms: Biogeography, Ecology, and Systematics. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.

Edelman, S., and Griffith, M.P. 2010. Mangrove and Brazilian pepper in the garden: A case study of vegetation change over 80 years. Davidsonia 20(2):51-64.

Gapinski, A.T. 2010. Preparing Plant Collections for Biological Invasions: A Study of the Effects of Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) Through Case Study Analysis. Thesis for Master of Science in Public Horticulture at the University of Delaware.

Griffith, M. P., I. L. Danielson, C. D. Bacon, and L. R. Noblick. 2010. Pritchardia challenges at the Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 193: 28-30

Griffith, P., and C. Husby. 2010. The price of conservation: measuring the mission and its cost. BGJournal 7: 12-14.

Griffith, P., and M. Calonje. 2010. The Sinkhole Cycad of Belize: Conservation Horticulture and a New Discovery. 2009 AZH Conference Proceedings: 26-28.

Griffith, M. P., C. E. Husby, and M. Calonje. 2010. Cycad collections development in the modern context: Challenges,
opportunities, investments and outcomes. Proc. of the 4th Global Botanic Gardens Congress.

Harshaw, J. and S. Cuestas. 2010. Australian Cycads at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Cycad Newsletter 32: 4-5. 

Husby C., Determann, R., Moyroud R. and Hall, B. 2010.  Les plantes de nouvelle-calédonie dans les établissements botaniques d’Amérique du nord : un intérêt grandissant pour une flore extraordinairement belle et unique.  Ethnopharmacologia 46:13-16.

Husby, C. E., H. Liu. S. H. Reichard. 2010. Weed risk assessment for botanic garden decision making. Proc. of the 4th Global Botanic Gardens Congress.

Leitman, P., A. Henderson, and L. Noblick. 2010. Arecaceae. Pp. 665-675 in R. Campostrini Forzza et al. 2010. Catálogo de plantas e fungos do Brasil - Volume 1. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.

Lorenzi, H., L. R. Noblick, F. Kahn, and E. Ferreira. 2010. Brazilian flora Lorenzi: Arecaceae (Palms). Instituto Plantarum, Nova Odessa.

Namoff, S., C. E. Husby, J. Francisco-Ortega, L. R. Noblick, C. E. Lewis, and M. P. Griffith. 2010. How well does a botanical garden collection of a rare palm capture the genetic variation in a wild population? Biological Conservation 143:1110-1117.

Nazor, C. and A. Lindstrom. 2010. Cycad focus: Cycas petrea. The Cycad Newsletter 33: 10-13.

Nicolalde-Morejon, F., F. Vergara-Silva, J. Gonzalez-Astoraga, and D. W. Stevenson. 2010. Character based, population-level DNA barcoding in Mexican species of Zamia L. (Zamiaceae: Cycadales). Mitochondrial DNA 21(S1): 51–59.

Nicolalde-Morejon, F., F. Vergara-Silva, J. Gonzalez-Astoraga, D. W. Stevenson, A. P. Vovides, and V. Sosa. 2010. A character based approach in the Mexican cycads supports diverse multigene combinations for DNA barcoding. Cladistics 26: 1-15.

Noblick, L. R., and H. Lorenzi. 2010. New Syagrus Species from Brazil. Palms 54:18-42.

Osborne, R. and A. P. Vovides. 2010. Focus on Zamia loddigesii Miq. Encephalartos 99:16-20.

Pollet, C. 2010. Bark: an Intimate Look at the World's Trees. Frances Lincoln Ltd.

Tang, W. 2010. Receptivity in female Cycas cones. Encephalartos 100: 48-49.

Vorster, P. 2010. A cycad-hunting expedition to Honduras. Encephalartos 101: 20-27.

Walters, T.W., A. J. Redford, M. D. Trice, J. L. Scher, and A. C. Hodges. 2010. A Resource for Pests and Diseases of Cultivated Palms. Identification Technology Program, CPHST, PPQ, APHIS, USDA; Fort Collins, Colorado.

Zhang, W. E. M. Kramer, and C. C. Davis. 2010. Floral symmetry genes and the origin and maintenance of zygomorphy in a plant-pollinator mutualism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 107: 6388-6393.

Damon Little and Dennis Stevenson at Montgomery Botanical Center (MBC).

Baker, M., J. Rebman, B. Parfitt, D. Pinkava, C. Christy, A. Salywon, R. Puente-Martinez, A. Zimmerman, and J. H. Cota. 2009. Chromosome numbers of miscellaneous Angiosperm taxa. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3:279-283.

Baker, W. J., V. Savolainen, C. B. Asmussen-Lange, M. W.Chase, J. Dransfield, F. Forest, M. M. Harley, N. W. Uhl, and M. Wilkinson. 2009. Complete Generic-Level Phylogenetic Analyses of Palms (Arecaceae) with Comparisons of Supertree and Supermatrix Approaches. Systematic Biology 58: 240-256.

Bayton, R. P. and A. Ouedraogo. 2009. Discovering Africa’s newest palm. Palms 53: 37-45.

Bergquist, J. M. 2009. The development of a natural disaster planning template for use in plant collections management. Master’s Thesis, University of Delaware.

Bobrov, A.V, A. P. Melikan, and M. S. Romanov. 2009. Morphogenesis of fruit in Magnoliophyta. Publishing Group URSS, Moscow.

Calonje, M., C. Husby, and P. Griffith. 2009. The Cycad Collection at Montgomery Botanical Center. Public Garden 24: 25-27.

Calonje, M. and J. Meerman. 2009. What is Zamia prasina (Zamiaceae: Cycadales)? Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 31: 43-49. 

Castano, F., M. Crevecoeur, and F. W. Stauffer. 2009. Contribution to the Knowledge of the Floral Structure in Sabal palmetto (Walter) Lodd. Ex Schult. (Arecaceae: Coryphoideae). Phytomorphology 59: 85-91.  

Cuenca, A. and J. B. Dransfield. 2009. Phylogeny and evolution of morphological characters in tribe Chamaedoreeae (Arecaceae). Taxon 58(4): 1092-1110.

Griffith, M. P., J. L. Dowe, L. R. Noblick, and I. L. Danielson. 2009. Archontophoenix at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 192: 12-14.

Horn, J. W., J. B. Fisher, P. B. Tomlinson, C. E. Lewis, and K. Laubengayer. 2009.  Evolution of lamina anatomy in the palm family (Arecaceae). American Journal of Botany 96: 1462-1486.

Khorsand Rosa, R., and S. Koptur. 2009. Preliminary observations and analyses of pollination in Coccothrinax argentata: do insects play a role? Palms 53: 75-83.

Landry, C. L., Rathcke B. J., & Kass L. B. 2009.  Distribution of androdioecious and hermaphroditic populations of the mangrove Laguncularia racemosa (Combretaceae) in Florida and the Bahamas.  Journal of Tropical Ecology 25: 75-83.

Meerow, A, L. Noblick, J. Borrone, T. Couvreur, M. Mauro-Herrera, W. Hahn, D. Kuhn, K. Nakamura, N. Oleas, R. Schnell. 2009. Phylogenetic Analysis of Seven WRKY Genes Across the Palm Subtribe Attaleinae (Areceaceae) Identifies Syagrus as Sister Group of the Coconut. PLoS ONE 4: e7353.

Nicolalde-Morejón, F. 2009. Revisión taxonómica y códigos de barras de DNA para Zamia L. en Megaméxico. Ph.D. Dissertation, Instituto de Ecologica, Xalapa.

Ojeda, I., J. Francisco-Ortega,  and Q.C.B. Cronk. 2009. Evolution of petal epidermal micromorphology in Leguminosae and its use as a marker of petal identity. Annals of Botany 104(6):1099-1110.

Purcaro, R., K. K. Schrader, C. Burandt, M. DellaGreca, and K. M. Meepagala. 2009. Algicide Constituents from Swinglea glutinosaJ. Agric. Food Chem. DOI 10.1021/jf902561c.

Shimonski, J. 2009. An experiment in arboriculture and mosquito control. City Trees 45:6-10.


Alvarez-Loayza, P., J. F. White Jr., N. Gil, J. C. Svenning, H. Balslev, and T. Kristiansen. 2008. Light converts endosymbiotic fungus to pathogen, influencing seedling survival and host tree recruitment. Nature Precedings hdl:10101/npre.2008.1908.1.

Bowes, B. G. and J. D. Mauseth. 2008. Plant Structure: A Color Guide. 2nd Edition. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Sudbury, Massachusetts, 288 pp.

Castaño G., F. 2008. Floral structure and systematics in the palm (Arecaceae) complex: Chelyocarpus-Cryosophila-
Itaya. Master’s Thesis, Universite de Geneve.

Cibrian, A., T. Marler, and E.D. Brenner. 2008. Development of EST-microsatellites from the cycad Cycas rumphii, and their use in the recently endangered Cycas micronesicaConservation Genetics. DOI 10.1007/s10592-007-9447-3.

Cutler, D. F., T. Botha, & D. W. Stevenson.  2008.  Plant Anatomy: An Applied Approach. 302 pp. plus a CD.  Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.
Dransfield, J., N. Uhl, W. J. Baker, C. B. Asmussen, M. Harley, and C. Lewis.  2008.  Genera Palmarum: The Evolution and Classification of Palms.  Kew Publishing, UK.

Fisher J., and K. Jayachandran. 2008. Beneficial role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on Florida native palms. Palms 52(3): 113-123.

Gonzalez, D., A. P. Vovides, and C. Barcenas. 2008. Phylogenetic Relationships of the Neotropical Genus Dioon (Cycadales, Zamiaceae) Based on Nuclear and Chloroplast DNA Sequence Data. Systematic Botany 33(2): 229-236.
Griffith, M. P., L. R. Noblick, J. L. Dowe, C. E. Husby, and M. Calonje. 2008. Cyclone tolerance in New World Arecaceae: biogeographic variation and abiotic natural selection. Annals of Botany 102: 591-598.

Griffith, M. P., L. R. Noblick, and A. A. Strader. 2008. Sabal collections at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 189: 8-9. Cal Welbourn identifying Red Palm Mite.

Moynihan, J. 2008. Dioon Lindl. (Zamiaceae): Perspectives from phylogeny and a population genetic study of Dioon edule. Doctoral Dissertation, Florida International University, Miami.

Nicolalde-Morejón, F., A. P. Vovides, D. W. Stevenson, and V. Sosa. 2008. The identity of Zamia katzeriana and Z. verschaffeltii (Zamiaceae).  Brittonia 60:38-48.
Noblick, L. R., C. E. Husby, and M. P. Griffith. 2008. The Palm Collection at Montgomery Botanical Center. Public Garden 23: 26-29.

Osborne, R., D. Stevenson, & A. Vovides. 2008.  What is Ceratozamia fuscoviridis? Delpinoa 48: 5-10. [2006]

Pollet, C. 2008. Ecorces: Voyage dans l’intimité des arbes du monde. Ulmer, Paris.

Riffle, R. L. 2008. Timber Press Pocket Guide to Palms. Timber Press, Portland.

Vovides, A. P., S. Avendaño, M. A. Pérez-Farrera, and J. González-Astorga Novon. 2008. A New Species of Ceratozamia (Cycadales, Zamiaceae) from Veracruz, Mexico. NOVON: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 18(1): 109-114.

Zee, B.M. 2008.  Effects of a desaturase inhibitor on the tissue lipid composition and dietary preference of the Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungorus).  Thesis, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA.


Brenner E. D., D. W. Stevenson, M. S. Katari, R. W. McCombie, S. A.Rudd, S. J.Runko, R. A. Martienssen, & G. M. Coruzzi. 2007. Genomic studies in Cycas rumphii Miquel. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 97: 181-193.

Brenner E. D., D. W. Stevenson, J. Chiu, S. J. Runko, P. M. Palenchar, & G. M. Coruzzi. 2007. Defining the role of BMAA and its potential glutamate receptor targets in Arabidopsis thaliana and Cycas rumphii.  Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 97: 236-253.
Calonje, M. 2007. History, Growth Rate, and Phenology of Microcycas calocoma in South Florida. The Cycad Newsletter 30: 20-21.
Zhang researching at Montgomery Botanical Center
Calonje, M. 2007. Phenology of Dioon merolae. The Cycad Newsletter 30: 11.

Calonje, M. A. 2007. Growth and phenology of Zamia inermis at Montgomery Botanical Centre. Encephalartos 91: 21-22.

Couvreur, T. L. P., W. J. Hahn, J-J. de Granville, J-L. Pham, B. Ludeña, and J-C. Pintaud. 2007. Phylogenetic Relationships of the Cultivated Neotropical Palm Bactris Gasipaes (Arecaceae) with Its Wild Relatives Inferred from Chloroplast and Nuclear DNA Polymorphisms. Systematic Botany 32(3): 519-530.

Cuenca, A. and C.B. Asmussen-Lange. 2007. Phylogeny of the palm tribe. Chamaedoreeae (Arecaceae) based on plastid DNA sequences. Syst. Bot. 32: 250-263.

Davis, A., C. Lewis, J. Francisco-Ortega, and S. Zona.  2007. Differentiation among insular and continental populations of Coccothrinax argentata (Arecaceae): evidence from DNA markers and a common garden experiment.  Taxon 56: 103-111.

Francisco-Oretega, J., E. Santiago-Valentín, P. Acevedo-Rodríguez, C. Lewis, J. Pipoly III, A.W. Meerow, and M. Maunder. 2007. Seed Plant Genera Endemic to the Caribbean Island Biodiversity Hotspot: A Review and a Molecular Phylogenetic Perspective. The Botanical Review 73(3): 183–234.

Griffith, M. P. and M. Calonje. 2007. Ex situ horticultural conservation of Cycas micronesica, an endangered cycad species. Association of Zoological Horticulture 2007 Conference Proceedings.

Hermsen, E., T. Taylor, E. Taylor, & D. Stevenson. 2007. Cycads from the Triassic of Antarctica: permineralized cycad leaves.  Int. J. Plant Sci. 168:1099–1112.

Hill, K.D., D.W. Stevenson & R. Osborne. 2007. The world list of cycads. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Cycad Biology (CYCAD 2005), Xalapa, Mexico, January 2005. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 97:454-483.

Landry, C. L. and B. J. Rathcke. 2007. Do inbreeding depression and relative male fitness explain the maintenance of androdioecy in white mangrove, Laguncularia racemosa (Combretaceae)? New Phytologist 176: 891-901.

Leaser, D. 2007. Growing Palm Trees in Hawai’i and Other Tropical Climates. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu. 

Lee, D. W. 2007. Nature's palette: the science of plant color. University of Chicago Press.

Little, D. P. &  D. W. Stevenson. 2007. A comparison of algorithms for the identification of specimens using DNA barcodes: examples from gymnosperms. Cladistics 22:1-21.
Lopez-Gallego, Cristina.  2007.  Effects of habitat degradation on the evolutionary dynamics of populations in a rainforest cycad (Gymnospermae). Ph.D. Dissertation, University of New Orleans.

Mabunda , M. A. 2007. Species-level phylogenetic reconstruction of the African cycad genus Encephalartos (Zamiaceae). Master's thesis, University of the Western Cape, South Africa. 

Meerow, A. W. and K. Nakamura. 2007. Ten microsatellite loci from Zamia integrifolia (Zamiaceae). Mol. Ecol. Notes 7: 824-826.

Meerow, A. W., D. W. Stevenson, J. Moynihan, & J. 2007. Francisco-Ortega. Unlocking the coontie conundrum: the potential of microsatellite DNA studies in the Caribbean Zamia pumila complex (Zamiaceae).  Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 97: 484-518.
Moynihan, J., A. W. Meerow, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2007. Isolation, characterization and cross-species amplification of microsatellite loci in the cycad genus Dioon (Zamiaceae). Potential utilization in population genetics studies of Dioon edule. Molecuar Ecology Notes 7: 72-74.

Noblick, L. R. 2007. The Attalea of Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 185: 12-20.

Osborne, R., K. D. Hill, H. T. Nguyen, and L. P. Ke. 2007. Cycads of Vietnam.  Tien Wah Press (Pte) Ltd, Singapore.

Trénel, P., T., M. H. G. Gustafsson., W. J. Baker, C. B. Asmussen-Lange, J. Dransfield,  and F. Borchsenius. 2007. Mid-Tertiary dispersal, not Gondwanan vicariance explains distribution patterns in the wax palm subfamily (Ceroxyloideae: Arecaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45(1): 272-88.

Pounders, C., T. Rinehart, and H. Sakhanokho. 2007. Evaluation of Interspecific Hybrids between Lagerstroemia indica and L. speciosa. HortScience 42: 1317 - 1322.
Reynertson, K. A. 2007. Phytochemical analysis of bioactive constituents from edible Myrtaceae fruits. Doctoral Dissertation, City University of New York.

Sannier, J., C. Asmussen-Lange, M. Harley, and S. Nadot. 2007. Evolution of microsporogenesis in palms. International Journal of Plant Sciences 168: 877-888.

Sass, C., D. Little, D. Stevenson, & C. Specht. 2007. DNA Barcoding in the Cycadales: Testing the potential of proposed barcoding markers for species identification of cycads.  PLoS ONE 11: 1-10.
Swinscoe, S. 2007. Cap sur la Floride. Le Palmier 50:12-15.

Wiese C. and C. Mannion. 2007. Managing Cycad Aulacaspis Scale (Aulacaspis yasumatusi Takagi) at Montgomery Botanical Center, USA. Vovides. A. , D. Stevenson, and R. Osborne (ed.). Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 97: Proceedings of Cycad 2005, the 7th International Conference on Cycad Biology, pp 64-72.

Witono, J.R. and K. Kondo. 2007. Genetic relationships of Pinanga coronata accessions by RAPD markers. Chromosome Botany 2(3): 93-97.

Zona, Scott, R. Verdecia, A. L. Sanchez, C. E. Lewis, and M. Maunder.  2007.  The conservation status of West Indian palms (Arecacea). Oryx 41: 300-305.


Asmussen, C. B., J. Dransfield, V. Deickmann, A. S. Barfod, J.-C. Pintaud, and W. J. Baker. 2006. A new subfamily classification of the palm family (Arecaceae): Evidence from plastid DNA phylogeny. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 151: 15-38.

Chase,M., M. Fay, D. Devey, N. Rønsted, J. Davies, Y. Pillon, G. Petersen, O. Seberg, C. Asmussen, K. Hilu, T. Borsch, J. Davis, D. Stevenson, J. Pires, & S. Graham. 2006. Multi-gene analyses of monocot relationships: a summary. Aliso 22: 63-76.

De Castro, O., M. Vázquez-Torres, and P. De Luca. 2006. Utility of AFLP markers for the assessment of molecular relationships in Ceratozamia Brongn. (Zamiaceae), Plant Biosystems 140:221-228.

de la Torre, J., M. G. Egan, M. Katari, E. D. Brenner, D. W. Stevenson, G. M. Coruzzi, & R. DeSalle.  2006. ESTimating plant phylogeny: lessons from partitioning. BMC Evolutionary Biology 6:48-87.

Henderson, F. & D. Stevenson. 2006. A phylogenetic study of the Arecaceae based on seedling morphological and anatomical data. Aliso: 251-264.

Hermsen, E., E. Taylor, T. Taylor, & D. Stevenson. 2006. Cataphylls of the middle Triassic cycad Antarcticycas schopfii and new insights into cycad evolution.  Amer. J. Bot. 93: 724–738. 2006.
Islam, M.B. and M.P. Simmons. 2006. A thorny dilemma: testing alternative intrageneric classifications within Ziziphus (Rhamnaceae). Systematic Botany 31: 826-842.

Noblick, L. R. 2006. The Grassy Butia: Two New Species and a New Combination. Palms 50: 167-178.

Noblick, L. R. 2006. The Attalea of Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 185: 12-20.

Noblick, L. R., M. P. Griffith, and I. L. Danielson. 2006. Montgomery Botanical Center's Ptychosperma and Veitchia collections. The Palm Journal 183: 16-18.

Ross, S. A., K. S. Krishnaveni, and C. L. Burandt. 2006. Two new benzofuran derivatives from the roots of Zanthoxylum flavum. Journal of Chemical Research 6: 406-407.
Sannier, J., S. Nadot, A. Forchioni, M. Harley, and B. Albert. 2006. Variation in the microsporogenesis of monosulcate palm pollen. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 151: 93-102.

Specht, C. & D. Stevenson. 2006. A new phylogeny-based generic classification of Costaceae (Zingiberales). Taxon 55: 153-163.

Stevenson, D. 2006. Zamiaceae. Flora of Venezuelean Guayana. Vol. 9: 575-576.

Zona, S. 2006. Cyanogenesis in hearts of palm (Arecaceae). Tropical Science 46(3): 180-184.


Andrews, M. 2005. Syagrus at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 179: 14-16.

Artabe, A., A. Zamuner, & D. Stevenson. 2005. Fossil Zamiaceae-Encephalartoideae stems: a new genus and reappraisal of the known forms. Alcheringa 29 (1): 87-100.

Brenner, E. & D. Stevenson. 2005.  Using genomics to study evolutionary origins of seeds.  Pp. 1- 21 in C. Williams (ed), Landscapes, Genomics, and Transgenic Conifers. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Calonje, M. A. 2005. Cycad propagation for preservation. Master’s Thesis, Humboldt State University.

Carlquist, S. 2005. Wood and bark anatomy of Muntingiaceae: A phylogenetic comparison within Malvales s. l. Brittonia 57: 59-67.

Chaw S. M., T. W. Walters, C. C. Chang, S. H. Hu, and S. H. Chen. 2005. A phylogeny of cycads (Cycadales) inferred from chloroplast matK gene, trnK intron, and nuclear rDNA ITS region. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 214-234.

Davenport, M. 2005. Syagrus coronata: a palm with a twist. The Palm Journal 179: 12-13.  

Fisher, J. B. and K. Jayachandran. 2005. Presence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in South Florida native plants. Mycorrhiza 15: 580-588.

Griffith, M. P. 2005. Étonnant, non? L’étrange palmier bonbonne du Montgomery Botanical Center. Latania (Réunion) 14: 33.

Griffith, M. P.  2005. Un palmier bouteille peu commun au Centre Botanique de Montgomery (Floride). Le Palmier (France) 45: 17.
Klavins, S. D., D. W. Kellogg, M.  Krings, E. L. Taylor, and T. N. Taylor. 2005. Coprolites in a Middle Triassic cycad pollen cone: evidence for insect pollination in early cycads? Evolutionary Ecology Research, 2005, 7: 479-488.

Kovarik, P. W. and S. R. Reitz. 2005. Oestrophasia (Cenosoma) sabroskyi (Diptera: Tachinidae), a Parasitoid of Artipus floridanus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Taxonomy and Bionomics. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 98(3): 245-251.

Lambert, J. B., Y. Wu, and J. A. Santiago-Blay.  2005.  Taxonomic and Chemical Relationships Revealed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra of Plant Exudates. Journal of Natural Products 68(5): 635-648.

Moore, R. 2005. Finding Syagrus in the Lost World. The Palm Journal 179: 31-34.

Noblick, Larry. 2005. A Syagrus update. The Palm Journal 179: 5-8.

Trautlein, J. P. Vorster, and M. Wink. 2005. Molecular Relationships in Encephalartos (Zamiaceae, Cycadales) Based on Nucleotide Sequences of Nuclear ITS 1&2, Rbcl, and Genomic ISSR Fingerprinting. Plant Biology 7: 79-90.

Wiese, C., D. Amalin, R. Coe, and C. Mannion. 2005. Effects of the parasitic wasp, Coccobius fulvus, on cycad aulacaspis scale, Aulacaspis yasumatsui, at Montgomery Botanical Center, Miami, Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 118: 319-321.


Andrews, M. 2004. Nypa fruticans: The Nypas of Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 177: 8-11.

Artabe, A., A. Zamuner, & D. Stevenson. 2004. Two new petrified cycad stems, Brunoa gen. nov. and Worsdellia gen. nov., from the Cretaceous of Patagonia (Bajo De Santa Rosa, Province of Rio Negro), Argentina. Bot. Rev. 70: 121-133.

Barwick, M. 2004. Tropical and Subtropical Trees: An Encyclopedia. Timber Press.

Barwick, M. and A. van der Schans. 2004. Tropical and Subtropical Trees: A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide. Thames and Hudson Ltd.

Bogler, D. J. and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2004. Molecular systematic studies in cycads: Evidence from trn L Intron and ITS2 rDNA sequences. Botanical Review 70: 260-273.

Caputo, P., S. Cozzolino, P. De Luca, A. Moretti, & D. Stevenson. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of Zamia. Pp. 149-158 in T. Walters & R. Osborne (eds), Cycad Classification: Concepts and Recommendations. CABI Publishing, Oxford.

Chen, Chai-Jui, K. D. Hill, & D. Stevenson. 2004. Comments on Cycas, Dyerocycas, and Epicycas (Cycadaceae). Pp. 57-68 in T. Walters & R. Osborne (eds), Cycad Classification: Concepts and Recommendations. CABI Publishing, Oxford.

Chuang, S-L. and J-M. Hu. 2004. The Evolution of Chloroplast matK Genes, Including Identification of New Homologues from Ophioglossum petiolatum and Two Lycophytes. Taiwania 49(4): 273-287.

Dower, B., R. Bateman, & D. Stevenson. 2004. Systematic, ontogenetic and phylogenetic Implications of exceptional anatomically preserved cycadophyte leaves from the Middle Jurassic of Bearreraig Bay, Skye, Northwest Scotland. Bot. Rev. 70: 105-120.

Emshousen, C. 2004. Management of Cycad Aulacaspis yasumatsui Takagi. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 117: 305-307.Larry Noblick and Bee Gunn

Gunn BF. 2004. The phylogeny of the Cocoeae (Arecaceae) with emphasis on Cocos nucifera. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 91:505–522.

Hill, K., D. Stevenson, & R. Osborne. 2004. Appendix 1: The World List of Cycads. Pp. 219-236 in T. Walters & R. Osborne (eds), Cycad Classification: Concepts and Recommendations. CABI Publishing, Oxford.

Hill. K., D. Stevenson, & R. Osborne. 2004. The World List of Cycads. Bot. Rev. 70: 274-298.

Lorenzi, H., H. M. de Souza, J. T. De Medeiros-Costa, L. S. C de Cerqueria, and E. Ferreira. 2004. Palmeiras Brazileiras e Exoticas Cultivadas. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora, Nova Odessa.

Ma, J, H. Yang, M. J. Basile, and E. J. Kennelly.  2004.  Analysis of Polyphenolic Antioxidants from the Fruit of Three Pouteria Species by Selected Ion Monitoring Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry.  Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52(19): 5873-5878.

Noblick, L. R. 2004. Syagrus cearensis, a twin-stemmed new palm from Brazil. Palms 48 (2): 70-76.

Noblick, L. R. 2004. Syagrus vermicularis, a fascinating new palm from Northern Brazil. Palms 48(3): 109-116.

Noblick, L. R. 2004. Transfer of Syagrus campicola to Butia. Palms 48(1): 42.

Norstog, K., E. M. Gifford, & D. Stevenson. 2004. Comparative development of the spermatazoids of cycads and Ginkgo bilobaBot. Rev. 70: 5-15.
Schutzman, B. 2004. Systematics of Meso-American Zamia (Zamiaceae). Walters, T., and R. Osbourne (eds.).Cycad Classification: Concepts and Recommendations. CABI Publishing, Cambridge, pp. 159-172.

Stevenson, D. 2004. Cycads of Colombia. Bot Rev. 70: 194-234.

Stevenson, D. 2004. Zamiaceae of Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru.  Pp. 173-194 in T. Walters & R. Osborne (eds), Cycad Classification: Concepts and Recommendations. CABI Publishing, Oxford.
Tang, W. 2004. Seed position in a cone and its affects on sex determination in two species of Zamia. Lindstrom, J. A. (ed.). The biology, Structure and Systematics of the Cycadales: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Cycad Biology, Thailand. Nong Nooch Tropical Botanical Garden, pp. 92-101.

Walters, T. W. 2004. What exactly is a population-based botanical garden collection? The Cycad Newsletter 27: 4-5.


Banack, S. A. and Paul Alan Cox. 2003. Distribution of the neurotoxic nonprotein amino acid BMAA in Cycas micronesica. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 143: 165-168.

Bao, X., J. J. Thelen, G. Bonaventure, and J. B. Ohlrogge. 2003. Characterization of Cyclopropane Fatty-acid Synthase from Sterculia foetida. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278: 12846-12853.

Brenner, E., D. Stevenson, & R. Twigg. 2003. Cycads: Evolutionary innovations and the role of plant-derived neurotoxins.  Trends in Plant Science 8: 446-452.
Brenner, E. D., D. W. Stevenson, R. W. McCombie, M. S. Katari, S. A. Rudd, K. F. X. Mayer, P. M. Palenchar, S. J. Runko, R. W. Twigg, G. Dai, R. A. Martienssen, P. N. Benfey and G. M. Coruzzi. 2003. Expressed sequence tag analysis in Cycas, the most primitive living seed plant. Genome Biology 4: R78.

Donaldson, J., K. Hill, & D. W. Stevenson. 2003.  Cycads of the world: an overview. Pp. 3-8. in J. Donaldson (ed.), Cycads: Status, Survey, and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cycad Specialist Group. IUCN. Gland, Switzerland.
Gibbons, M. 2003. A Pocket Guide to Palms. Chartwell Books, Edison.

Gregory, T. J., J. Chemnick, S. Salas-Morales, and A. P. Vovides. 2003. A new species in the genus Dioon (Zamiaceae) from north-central Oaxaca, Mexico. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 471-476.

Hill, K., M. Chase, D. Stevenson, H. Hills, & B. Schutzman. 2003. The families and genera of cycads: a molecular phylogenetic analysis of Cycadophyta based on nuclear and plastid DNA.  Int. J. Plant Sci. 164: 933-948.
Klavins, S. D., E. L. Taylor, M. Krings, and T. N. Taylor. 2003. Gymnosperms from the Middle Triassic of Antarctica: The First Structurally Preserved Cycad Pollen Cone. Int. J Plant Sci. 164: 1007-1020.

Lacock, L., C. van Niekerk, S. Loots, F. du Preez, and A. Botha. 2003. Functional and comparative analysis of expressed sequences from Diuraphis noxia infested wheat obtained utilizing the conserved Nucleotide Binding Site. African Journal of Biotechnology 2(4): 75-81.

Llamas, K. A. 2003. Tropical flowering plants: a guide to identification and cultivation. Timber Press. 423 pp.

Ma, J, X-D. Luo, P. Protiva, H. Yang, C. Ma, M. J. Basile, I. B. Weinstein, and E. J. Kennelly.  2003.  Bioactive Novel Polyphenols from the Fruit of Manilkara zapota (Sapodilla). Journal of Natural Products 66: 983-986.

Riffle, R. L., and P. Craft. 2003. An encyclopedia of cultivated palms. Timber Press, Portland.

Stevenson, D. W., A. Vovides, & J. Chemnick  2003. Regional Overview: New World. Pp. 31-38. in J. Donaldson (ed.), Cycads: Status, Survey, and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cycad Specialist Group. IUCN. Gland, Switzerland.

van Niekerk, C. 2003. Analysis of gene expression in Triticum aestivum L. cv. 'Tugela DN' after Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia Mordvilko) infestation. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pretoria.

Walters, T. W. 2003. Off-Site Collections. 2003. Donaldson, J. (ed.). Status survey and conservation action plan: Cycads. IUCN (World Conservation Union), Switzerland, pp. 48-53.

Walters, T. W. 2003. Cycad focus: Cycas panzhihuanensis. The Cycad Newsletter 26: 10-11.


Adams, R. 2002. Panamanian paradise revisited. The Cycad Newsletter 25: 7-9.

Adams, R. 2002. Panamanian paradise revisited. Encephalartos 70: 6-8.

Bao X., S. Katz, M. Pollard, and J. Ohlrogge. 2002. Carbocyclic fatty acids in plants: biochemical and molecular genetic characterization of cyclopropane fatty acid synthesis of Sterculia foetida. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99: 7172-7177.

Hahn, W. J. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis of the Arecoid Line of palms based on plastid DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 23(2): 189-204.

Hahn, W. J. 2002. A molecular phylogenetic study of the Palmae (Arecaceae) based on atpB, rbcL, and 18S nrDNA sequences. Systematic Biology 51: 92-112.
John, N., A. Lott, J. C. Liu, K. A. Pennell, A. Lesage, and M. M. West. 2002. Iron-rich particles and globoids in embryos of seeds from phyla Coniferophyta, Cycadophyta, Gnetophyta, and Ginkgophyta: characteristics of early seed plants. Can. J. Bot. 80: 954-961.

Kim, N-C., D. Kim, and A. D. Kinghorn. 2002. New Triterpenoids from the Leaves of Abrus precatorius. Natural Product Research 16: 261-266.

Schneider, D., M.Wink, and F. Sporer. 2002. Cycads: their evolution, toxins, herbivores and insect pollinators. Naturwissenschaften 89: 281-294.

Stevenson, D. 2002. Gymnosperms. Pp. 399- 404 in N. Eldredge (ed.), Life on Earth. Vol. 1. ABC-CLIO, Inc., Santa Barbara.

Treutlein, J. and Wink, W. 2002. Molecular phylogeny of cycads inferred from rbcL sequences. Naturwissenschaften 89: 221-225.

Whitelock, L. 2002. Focus on growing cycads: Zamia inermis. The Cycad Newsletter 25: 10-11.

Zona, S. 2002. A revision of Pseudophoenix. PALMS 46: 19–38.


Hossaert-McKey, M. and J. L. Bronstein. 2001. Self-pollination and its costs in a monoecious fig (Ficus aurea, Moraceae) in a highly seasonal subtropical environment. American Journal of Botany 88: 685-692.

Lee, D. W. and T. M. Collins. 2001. Phylogenetic and Ontogenetic Influences on the Distribution of Anthocyanins and Betacyanins in Leaves of Tropical Plants. Int. J Plant Sci. 162(5): 1141-1153.

Maunder, M., B. Lyte, J. Dransfield, and W. Baker. 2001. The conservation value of botanic garden palm collections. Biological Conservation 98: 259-271.

Migliaccio, C. 2001. The genus Heterospathe in cultivation. Palms 45: 15-21.

Specht, C., J. Kress, D. Stevenson, & R. DeSalle. 2001. A molecular phylogeny of the Costaceae (Zingiberales).  Mol. Phyl. Evol. 21: 333-345.

Stevenson, D. 2001. Cycadaceae.  Flora Nicaragua 1: 2-3. 

Stevenson, D. 2001. Zamiaceae. Flora Nicaragua 1: 6-7.

Stevenson, D. 2001. Cycadales.  Flora de Colombia 21: 1-92.

Tomlinson, P. B. 2001. Biology of Trees Native to Tropical Florida. Second Edition. Published Privately. Harvard Printing and Publications Services, Allston.      

Walters, T. W., E. Schroyer, and S. Cuestas. 2001. Montgomery Botanical Center's cycad collection: a 2001 update on the collections. The Cycad Newsletter 24: 8-11.

Witono, J. R. 2001. Taxonomic account of Pinanga and phenetic study of clustered Pinanga of Java and Bali. Master’s Thesis, Universitas Indonesia.


Lewis, C. and S. Zona. 2000. A survey of cyanogenesis in palms (Arecaceae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 28: 219-228.

Tang, W. 2000. Cycad cone beetles shifting to new species. Encephalartos 64:25.


Artabe. A. & D. Stevenson. 1999. Fossil Cycadales of Argentina.  Bot. Rev. 65: 219-239.

Chen, Chai-jui & D. Stevenson. 1999. Cycadaceae.  In: Flora of China. Vol. 4: 1-7.

Corman, M. J. 1999. Landscape palms available for the new millennium. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 112: 251-252.

Fisher,  J. B. and K. Jayachandran. 1999. Root structure and arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of the palm Serenoa repens under field conditions. Plant and Soil 217: 229-241.

Fisher, J.B. and K.J. Maidman.  1999.  Branching and architecture in palms: value for systematics.  Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 83: 35-46.

Howard, F. W., A. Hamon, M. McLaughlin, T. Weissling, and S. Yang. 1999. Aulacaspis yasumatsui (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Diaspididae), a scale insect pest of cycads recently introduced into Florida. Florida Entomologist 82: 14-27.

Kim, N.-C., A. D. Kinghorn, and D. S. H. L. Kim. 1999. Semisynthesis of Abrusoside A Methyl Ester. Org. Lett. 1(2): 223-224.

Osborne, R., D. Stevenson, & K. Hill. 1999. The world list of cycads. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Cycad Biology. Pp. 224-239. International Academic Publishers, Bejing.

Stevenson, D. 1999. Cupressaceae, Ephedraceae, Gnetaceae, Pinaceae, Podocarpaceae, Taxodiaceae, Zamiaceae.  In: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador.  Eds. P. M. Jorgensen & S. León-Yánez, Pp. 189-190. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. 

Thomas, M. C. and C. W. O’Brian.  1999.  On the genus Anchonus Schönherr in Florida (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).  Insecta Mundi 13(3-4): 229-233.
Yang S. L., T. W. Walters, and D. Decker-Walters. 1999. Systematic implications of allozyme data of Chinese cycads. Biology and Conservation of Cycads, pp. 187-197.

Zona, S. & D. Fuller. 1999. A revision of Veitchia (Arecaceae–Arecoideae). Harvard Papers in Botany 4: 543–560.

Zona, S. 1999. New perspectives on generic limits and relationships in the Ptychospermatinae (Palmae: Arecoideae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83: 255-263.


Bernal, R. 1998. The growth form of Phytelephas seemannii – a potentially immortal solitary palm. Principes 42: 15-23.

Bronstein, J. L., D. Vernet, and M. Hossaert-McKey. 1998. Do fig wasps interfere with each other during oviposition? Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 87: 321-324.

Charlton, W. A. 1998. Pendulum symmetry. Pp. 61-86 in Roger V. Jean, R. V. and D. Barabé (eds.) 1998. Symmetry in plants. World Scientific.

Noblick, L. R.  1998.  Predicting cold hardiness in palms.  Hardy Palms International 35: 30-35.

Norstog, Knut, and Nicholls, Trevor J. 1998. The Biology of the Cycads. Cornell U. Press, Ithaca, N.Y.

Stevenson, D., K. Norstog, & P. Fawcett. 1998. Pollination biology of cycads.  In: Reproductive Biology: In systematics, conservation, and economic botany. Eds. S. Owens & P. Rudall. Pp. 277-294. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Stevenson, D., A. Moretti, & L. Gaudio. 1998. A new species of Zamia (Zamiaceae) from Belize and the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. Delpinoa 37-38: 3-8. [1995-1996].

Stevenson, D., S. Sabato, A. Moretti, & P. De Luca. 1998. What is Zamia fischeri Miquel? Delpinoa 37-38: 9-17. [1995-1996].

Hill, K. & Stevenson, D. 1998-present. The Cycad Pages. http://plantnet.rbgsyd.gov.au/PlantNet/cycad/.

Zona, S. 1998. Chuniophoenix in cultivation. Principes 42:198–200.


Fisher, J. B., G. Angeles A., F. W. Ewers, and J. Lopez-Portillo. 1997. Survey of Root Pressure in Tropical Vines and Woody Species. International Journal of Plant Sciences 158: 44-50.

Marler, T.E. and L. E. Willis.  1997.  Leaf gas-exchange characteristics of sixteen cycad species.  Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 122: 38-42.

Pan, M., T. J. Mabry, P. Cao and M. Moini. 1997. Identification of nonprotein amino acids from cycad seeds as N-ethoxycarbonyl ethyl ester derivatives by positive chemical-ionization gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography 787: 288-294.

Pascarella, J. B. 1997. Breeding systems of Ardisia Sw. (Myrsinaceae). Brittonia 49: 45-53.

Pascarella, J. B. 1997. Pollination Ecology of Ardisia escallonioides (Myrsinaceae). Castanea 62(1): 1-7.

Stevenson, D. W. 1997.  Cycadaceae, Gnetaceae, Pinaceae, Podocarpaceae, & Zamiaceae. In: Checklist of the plants of the Guianas. 2nd. Edition. Eds. J. Boggan, et al. Pp. 90, 112, 165, 175, & 209. Smithsonian Institution. Washington,  D. C.

Walters, T. W., E. Shroyer, and L. Anderson. 1997. Scale and South Florida Cycas.  The Cycad Newsletter 20: 13-15.

Yang, S. L. and A. W. Meerow. 1997. Genetic variation in Chinese cycad populations. Chen, S. and D. W. Stevenson (eds.), Proceedings of the IV International Symposium on Cycad Biology, Beijing, pp. 71-82.


Caputo, P., S. Cozzolino, L. Gaudio, A. Moretti, & D. Stevenson. 1996.  Karyology and phylogeny of some Mesoamerican species of Zamia (Zamiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 83: 1513-1520.

Fisher J.B., J. N. Burch, and L. R. Noblick. 1996. Stem structure of the Cuban Belly Palm (Gastrococcus crispa). Principes 40: 125-128.

Kennelly, E. J., L. Cai, N. C. Kim and A. D. Kinghorn. 1996. Abrusoside e, a further sweet-tasting cycloartane glycoside from the leaves of Abrus precatorius. Phytochemistry 41:  1381-1383.

Lorenzi, H., H. M. de Souza, J. T. De Medeiros-Costa, L. S. C de Cerqueria, and N. von Behr. 1996. Palmeiras No Brazil. Editora Plantarum, Nova Odessa.

Marler, T. E. and D. Willis.  1996. Chemical or air-root pruning containers improve carambola, longan, and mango seedling root morphology and initial root growth after transplanting.  Journal of Environmental Horticulture 14: 47-49.

Marler, T. E. and D. Willis.  1996. Root and stem growth patterns of young 'Mauritius' lychee trees.  HortScience 31: 815-818.

Noblick, L. R.  1996. Syagrus. The Palm Journal 126: 12-44.

Stevenson, D., K. Norstog, &  D. Molsen. 1996. Midribs of cycad pinnae.  Brittonia 48: 67-74. 

Yang, S. L. and A. W. Meerow. 1996. The Cycas pectinata (Cycadaceae) complex: genetic structure and gene flow. Intl. J. Plant Sci. 157: 468-483.

Zona, S. 1996. Roystonea (Arecaceae: Arecoideae). Flora Neotropica 71: 1-35.


Arbo, M. M. 1995. Turneraceae: Parte I Piriqueta. Flora Neotropica 67: 1-156.

Chase, M.W., D. Stevenson, P. Wilkin, & P.J. Rudall. 1995. Monocot systematics: a  combined analysis.  Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution. Eds. P. Rudall, P.Cribb, D. Cutler, C. Humphries. Pp. 685-730. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Marler, T. E., and D. Willis. 1995. Chemical or Air Pruning Influences Containerized Roots of Carambola, Longan, and Mango Seedlings. HortScience 30: 888.

Osborne, R. 1995. Montgomery Microcycas calocoma seeds. Encephalartos 43:31.

Stevenson, D., R. Osborne & K.D. Hill. 1995. The world list of cycads. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Cycad Biology. Pp. 55-64. Cycad Society of South Africa. 

Stevenson, D.,  P. DeLuca, A. Moretti, G. Siniscalco Gigliano, P. Caputo, S. Cozzolino, L. Gaudio, E.T. Wurtzel, & R. Osborne. 1995. Molecular systematics of cycads.  Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Cycad Biology. Pp. 131-137. Cycad Society of South Africa.

Stevenson, D. & H. Loconte. 1995. A cladistic analysis of monocot families. In: Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution. Eds. P. Rudall, P.Cribb, D. Cutler, C. Humphries. Pp. 543-578. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Walter, T. W., S.-L. Yang, H. Pu, and D.S. Decker-Walters. 1995. Cycads of China: Observations from a 1992 Expedition. Vorster, P. (ed.). Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Cycad Biology. Cycad Society of South Africa, Stellenbosch, pp. 163-191.


Marler, T. E., and L. E. Willis. 1994. Root and Shoot growth patterns of ‘Mauritius’ lychee trees. HortScience 29: 540.

Meurer-Grimes, B & D. Stevenson. 1994. The biflavones of the Cycadales revisted I: biflavones in Stangeria eriopus, Chigua restrepoi, and 32 other species in the Cycadales.  Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 22: 595-603.

Nixon, K., W. Crepet, D. Stevenson, & E-M. Friis. 1994. A reevaluation of seed plant phylogeny. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 81: 484-533.

Noblick, L. R. 1994. The Morphology and Taxonomy of the Arecaceae (Palmae). Acta Horticulturae 360: 19-25.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1994. The Botany of Mangroves.  Cambridge University Press. Second edition.


Buisson, D. and D. W. Lee. 1993. The Developmental Responses of Papaya Leaves to Simulated Canopy Shade. American Journal of Botany 80: 947-952.

Caputo, P., C. Marquis, D. Stevenson & E. Wurtzel. 1993. Molecular biology in cycad systematics. In: The Biology, Structure and Systematics of the Cycadales: Proceedings Cycad 90, the Second International Conference on Cycad Biology.. Eds. D. W. Stevenson & K. Norstog. Pp. 213-219. Palm & Cycad Societies of Australia Ltd., Milton, Australia.

Caputo, P., S. Cozzolino, A. Moretti, P. DeLuca & D. Stevenson. 1993. Cladistics of Dioon (Zamiaceae). Giorn. Bot. Ital. 127: 3.

Jones, D. L. 1993. Cycads of the world. Smithsonian Institution Press., Washington.  

Moretti, A., P. Caputo, S. Cozzolino, P. DeLuca, L. Gaudio, G. Siniscalco Gigliano & D. W. Stevenson. 1993. A phylogenetic analysis of Dioon (Zamiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 80: 204-214.

Meurer-Grimes, B. & D. Stevenson. 1993. Biflavones in Chigua restrepoi and Stangeria eriopus.  Planta Medica Suppl. 125.

Stevenson, D. 1993. The Zamiaceae in Panama with comments on phytogeography and species relationships. Brittonia 45: 1-16.

Stevenson, D. 1993. The biogeography of the neotropical cycads and its bearing on the Refugium Theory. In: The Biology, Structure and Systematics of the Cycadales: Proceedings Cycad 90, the Second International Conference on Cycad Biology.  Eds. D. W. Stevenson & K. Norstog. Pp. 383-384. Palm & Cycad Societies of Australia Ltd., Milton, Australia.

Stevenson, D., & R. Osborne. 1993. The world list of cycads. In: The Biology, Structure and Systematics of the Cycadales: Proceedings Cycad 90, the Second International Conference on Cycad Biology.  Eds. D. W. Stevenson & K. Norstog. Pp. 354-364. Palm & Cycad Societies of Australia Ltd., Milton, Australia.


Stevenson, D. 1992. A formal classification of the extant cycads. Brittonia 44: 220-223.

Walters, T. W. 1992. The changing nature of botanical garden collections: the cycad case. The Public Garden 7:35.


Caputo, P., D. Stevenson, & E. Wurtzel. 1991. A phylogenetic analysis of American Zamiaceae (Cycadales) using chloroplast DNA restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Brittonia 43: 135-145. 

Moretti, A., P. Caputo, L. Gaudio, & D. Stevenson. 1991. Intraspecific chromosone variation in Zamia (Zamiaceae, Cycadales). Caryologia 44: 1-10. 

Stevenson, D. 1991. The Zamiaceae in the Southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arb. Suppl. Series 1: 367-383.

Stevenson, D. W. 1991. Cycadaceae. Flora of the Guianas. Ser. A, Fasc. 9: 3-6.

Stevenson, D. W. 1991. Zamiaceae. Flora of the Guianas. Ser. A, Fasc. 9: 7-11.

Terrazas, T. 1991. Origin and Activity of Successive Cambia in Cycas (Cycadales). American Journal of Botany 78: 1335-1344.


Loconte, H., & D. Stevenson. 1990. Cladistics of the Spermatophyta. Brittonia 42: 197-211.

Norstog, K. J. 1990. Studies of cycad reproduction at Fairchild Tropical Garden. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 57: 63-81. 

Stevenson, D. W. 1990. Morphology and Systematics of the Cycadales. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 57: 8-55.

Tang, W. 1990. Reproduction in the cycad Zamia pumila in a fire-climax habitat: an eight-year study. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 117: 368-374.

Tominson, P. B. 1990. Structural Biology of the Palmae. Oxford University Press.

1989Dr. Dennis Stevenson pollinating cycad at Montgomery Botanical Center.

Newell, S. J. 1989. Variation in Leaflet Morphology Among Populations of Caribbean Cycads (Zamia). American Journal of Botany 76: 1518-1523.

Stevenson, D. W., & G. Siniscalco Gigliano. 1989. The systematic value of the monosaccharide composition of cycad mucilages. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 17: 185-190.


Morton, J. F. 1988. Notes on Distribution, propagation, and products of Borassus Palms (Arecaceae). Biomedical and Life Sciences 42(3): 420-441.

Stevenson, D. W. 1988. Strobilar ontogeny in the Cycadales. Pp. 205-224. In: Aspects of Floral Evolution. Eds. P. Leins, P. Endress, & S. Tucker. J. Cramer, Stuttgart.


Stevenson, D. W. 1987. Comments on character distribution, taxonomy, and nomenclature with respect to the genus Zamia L. in the West Indies and Mexico. Encephalartos 9: 3-7.

Stevenson, D. W. 1987. Again, the West Indian Zamias.  Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 42(3): 23-27.


Norstog, K., D. W. Stevenson, &  K. Niklas. 1986. The role of beetles in the pollination of Zamia furfuracea L. fil. (Zamiaceae). Biotropica 18: 300-306.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1986. The Botany of Mangroves.  Vol. 1.  Cambridge Series in Tropical Biology.  Cambridge University Press.  Pp. 413.


Stevenson, D. W. 1981. Observations on ptyxis, phenology, and trichomes in the Cycadales and their systematic implications. Amer. J. Bot. 68: 1104-1114.


Norstog, K., &  D. W. Stevenson. 1980. Wind? Or insects? The pollination of cycads.  Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 35: 28-30.

Stevenson, D. W. 1980. Radial growth in Cycadales. Amer. J. Bot. 67: 465- 475.

Stevenson, D. W. 1980. Radial growth in Beaucarnea recurvata. Amer. J. Bot. 67: 476-489.

Stevenson, D. W. 1980. Observations on stem and root contraction in cycads (Cycadales) with special reference to Zamia pumila L.  J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 81: 275-281.

Stevenson, D. W. 1980. Form follows function—in cycads. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 35: 20-24.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1980. The Biology of Trees Native to Tropical Florida.  Pages V + 480 (including 166 pages of illustration).  Harvard University Printing Office, Allston.


Adams, D. C. and P. B. Tomlinson. 1979. Acrostichum in Florida.  American Fern Journal  69: 42-46.

Popenoe, J. 1979. The genus Spondias in Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 92:277-279.


Halle, F., R. A. A. Oldeman, and P. B. Tomlinson. 1978. Tropical Trees and Forests: an Architectural Analysis.  Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg and New York.  441 pp. 

Stevenson, D. W. 1978. The shoot apex of Bougainvillea spectabilis. Amer. J. Bot. 65: 792-794.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1978. Branching and axis differentiation in tropical trees.  In: P. B. Tomlinson and M. H. Zimmermann, Eds. 1978. Tropical Trees as Living Systems.  Cambridge University Press, New York.


Clift, C. 1977. Cold damage to cycads and palms at Fairchild Tropical Garden resulting from the Janaury 1977 freeze. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 90:96-98.

Milburn, J. A. and M. H. Zimmermann. 1977. Preliminary Studies on Sapflow in Cocos nucifera L. New Phytologist Trust 79: 535-541.


Gill A. M. and Tomlinson P. B. 1974. Aerial roots:  an array of forms and functions.  In: J. G. Torrey and D. T. Clarkson, Eds., The Structure and Function of Roots.  Academic Press, London. 

Parthasarathy, M. V. 1974. Mycoplasmalike Organisms Associated with Lethal Yellowing Disease of Palms.  Phytopathology 64: 667-674.

Popenoe, J. 1974. Status of Annona culture in South Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 87: 342-344.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1974. Breeding mechanisms in trees native to tropical Florida – a morphological assessment.  Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 55: 269-290.

Zimmermann, M. H., P. B. Tomlinson, and J. LeClaire. 1974. Vascular construction and development in the stems of certain Pandanaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 68: 21-41.

1972Barry Tomlinson with Microcycas calocoma 1965

Tomlinson, P. B. and P. Fawcett. 1972. Dioecism in Citharexylum (Verbenaceae).  Journal of the Arnold Arboretum  53: 386-389.


Tomlinson, P. B. 1971. The shoot apex and its dichotomous branching in the Nypa palm.  Annals of Botany 35: 865-879.


Popenoe, J. 1969. Tropical fruit varieties and collections in Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 82: 307-309.


M. H. Zimmermann, A. B. Wardrop, and P. B. Tomlinson. 1968. Tension wood in aerial roots of Ficus benjamina L. Wood Science and Technology 2: 95-104.


Parthasarathy, M. V. and P. B. Tomlinson.  1967. Anatomical features of metaphloem in stems of Sabal, Cocos and two other palms.  American Journal of Botany 54: 1143-1151.


Read, R.W. 1964. Palm Chromosome Studies Facilitated by Pollen Culture on a Colchicine-Lactose Medium. Biotechnic & Histochemistry 39(2): 99-106.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1964. The vascular skeleton of the coconut leaf base.  Phytomorphology 14: 218-230. 


Campbell, C. W. 1962. Adaptation trials of Cordia species at Homestead, Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 75: 437-439.

Tomlinson, P. B. 1962. The leaf base in palms; its morphology and mechanical biology.  Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 43: 23-46.


Moore, H. E. 1957. Synopses of various genera of Arecoideae. 21. Veitchia. Gentes Herbarum 8: 483-536.


Dijkman, M. J., and M. B. Azoff. 1953. Notes on fruiting of Strophanthus sarmentosus in South Florida. Proceeding of the Florida State Horticultural Society 66: 200-205.


Menninger, E. A. 1952. Chorisia trees – how many kinds are there? Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 65: 266-279.


Jordahn, A. C. 1949. Observations on the propagation of palms. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 62:240-242.

Loomis, H. E. 1949. Strophanthus sarmentosus, a possible new drug plant for south Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 62: 215-217.


Jordahn, A. 1946. Promising new palm introductions. Proceeding of the Florida State Horticultural Society 59: 135-137.

Matthews, R. E. 1946. Ornamental tropical vines. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 59:131-134.


Anonymous. 1934. Work of The New York Botanical Garden. Science 79: 35-36. 

Fairchild, D. 1934. Reasons for a large general plant introduction garden in south Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 47: 117-120.



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