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MBC Publications



    Research and Authorship at Montgomery Botanical Center


Erdei, B. M. Calonje, A. Hendy, and N. Espinosa. 2018. A review of the Cenozoic fossil record of the genus Zamia L. (Zamiaceae, Cycadales) with recognition of a new species from the late Eocene of Panama – evolution and biogeographic inferences. Bulletin of Geosciences 93(2): 185-204.

Griffith, M.P., G. Barber, J. Tucker Lima, M. Barros, C. Calonje, L.R. Noblick, M. Calonje, T.M. Magellan, M. Dosmann, T, Thibault, and N. Gerlowski. 2017 (2018). Plant Collection "Half-life:" Can Botanic Gardens Weather the Climate? Curator the Museum Journal 60(4): 395-410.

Alves Elias, G., A. Luís de Gasper, J. M. Tucker Lima, G. Lodetti, & R. dos Santos. 2018. Native understory palms (Arecaceae) of the Atlantic Forest in Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. Rodriguésia 69(2): 693-698.

Magellan, T.M., M.P. Griffith, A. Ricciardi, B.A. Huggett, and P.B. Tomlinson. 2018. A Novel Type of Fiber in the Leaves of the Cycad Dioon. International Journal of Plant Sciences179 (3) 231-240.

Noblick, L. R. 2018. Syagrus guaratingensis, a New Species from Bahia, Brazil. Palm 62(2):77-86.

Tang, W., G. Xu, C.W. O'Brian, M. Calonje, N. M. Franz, M. A. Johnston, A. Taylor, A. P. Vovides, M. A. Perez- Ferrera, S. H. Salas-Morales, J. C. Lazcano-Lara, P. Skelly, C. Lopez-Gallego, A. Lindstrom, and S. Rich. 2018. Molecular and Morphological Phylogenetic Analyses of New World Cycad Beetles: What They Reveal about Cycad Evolution in the New World. Diversity 10(2), 38; page numbers pending. DOI pending.


Anderson, L. 2017. Horticultural How to: Irrigation Technology at Montgomery Botanical Center. Public Garden 32(2): 24-25.

Calonje, M. and A. N. Sennikov. 2017. In the process of saving plant names from oblivion: The revised nomenclature of Ceratozamia fuscoviridis (Zamiaceae). Taxon 66(1):158-164.

Calonje, M., G. Morales, C. Lopez-Gallego and F. J. Roldan. 2017. Zamia montana & Z. oligodonta, two Colombian highland species. The Cycad Newsletter 39:16-25.

Calonje, M., C. Calonje, G. Barber, P. Xaba, A. Lindstrom, and E.M. Agoo. 2017. Optimizing the long-term storage and viability testing of cycad pollen. Cycads 2:16-18.

Cuestas, S. 2017. Things We Love This Spring: Silky Zubat Pole Saw. Public Garden 32(2): 30.

Griffith, M. P., M. Calonje, A. W. Meerow, J. Francisco-Ortega, L. Knowles, R. Aguilar, F. Tut, V. Sanchez, A. Meyer, L. R. Noblick, and T. M. Magellan. 2017. Will the ex situ protocols give similar results for closely related species? Biodiversity and Conservation. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-017-1400-2.

Griffith, M. P., J. de Freitas, M. Barros, and L. R. Noblick. 2017. Sabal antillensis (Arecaceae): a new palmetto species from the Leeward Antilles. Phytotaxa 303(1): 056–064.

Jestrow, B., B. Peguero, F. Jimenez, R. Verdecia, L. Gonzalez-Oliva, C. E. Moya, W. Cinea, M. P. Griffith, A. W. Meerow, M. Maunder, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2017. A conservation framework for the Critically Endangered endemic species of the Caribbean palm Coccothrinax. Oryx. DOI: 10.1017/s0030605317000588.

Magellan, T. M. and M. P. Griffith. 2017. Status of Pseudophoenix sargentii on Elliott Key, Florida. Palms 61(1):41-44.

Nepi, M., S. Little, M. Guarnieri, D. Nocentini, N. Prior, J. Gill, P. B. Tomlinson, S. M. Ickert-Bond, C. Pirone, E. Pacini and P. von Aderkas. 2017.Phylogenetic and functional signals in gymnosperm ovular secretions. Annals of Botany. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcx103.

Noblick L.R. 2017. Key to Syagrus identification using leaflet margin anatomy: Supplement to “A revision of Syagrus (Arecaceae).” PhytoKeys 81: 19-46.

Noblick, L. R. 2017. A revision of the genus Syagrus (Arecaceae). Phytotaxa 294(1):1-262.

Noblick, L.R. 2017. Voanioala, Beccariophoenix, and Ravenea at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 211: 12–19.

Prieto, R. O., G. Brull Puebla, M. A. Calonje, L. González-Oliva, J. Francisco-Ortega, and R. Chaves. 2017. Proyecto Estado de conservación de poblaciones de Zamiaceae en Cuba. Flora y Fauna 21(1): 19-25.

Salas-Leiva, D. E., A .W. Meerow, M. Calonje, J. Francisco-Ortega, M. P. Griffith, K. Nakamura, V. Sánchez, L. Knowles, and D. Knowles. 2017.Shifting Quaternary migration patterns in the Bahamian archipelago: Evidence from the Zamia pumila complex at the northern limits of the Caribbean island biodiversity hotspot. American Journal of Botany. Published online before print 17 May 2017, doi: 10.3732/ajb.1700054.

Terry, I., and C. Calonje. 2017. Using cycads in ex-situ gardens for conservation and biological studies. Cycads 2: 5-6.

Tucker Lima, J.M., and M. P. Griffith. 2017. The Nationally-Accreditied Tropical Conifer Collection at Montgomery Botanical Center. Public Garden 32: 18-19.

Vovides, A. P., J. A.R. Clugston, J. Said Gutiérrez-Ortega, M. A. Pérez-Farrera, M. Y. Sánchez-Tinoco, and S. Galicia. 2017. Epidermal morphology and leaflet anatomy of Dioon (Zamiaceae) with comments on climate and environment. Flora 239: 20-44.


Anderson, L. 2016. Irrigation Management at the Montgomery Botanical Center. Florida Turf Digest. May/June 2016 33(3):14-15.

Anderson, L. 2016. Member Spotlight: Lee Anderson. On the Turf 2:30.

Calonje, M. 2016. Cycad nomenclature notes: regarding specimens and epitypes. Cycads 1:9-10.

Calonje, M. 2016. In search of the world’s most massive seed cone. The Cycad Newsletter 38:3-5.

Calonje, M. 2016. Cycad Focus: Zamia obliqua. The Cycad Newsletter 38:38-47.

Calonje, M., C. Calonje, and S. Cuestas. 2016. In search of the world's most massive seed cone. Encephalartos 124.

Clugston, J. A. R., M. P. Griffith, G. J. Kenicer, C. E. Husby, M. A. Calonje, D. W. Stevenson and D. P. Little. 2016. Zamia (Zamiaceae) Phenology in a Phylogenetic Context: Does in situ reproductive timeing correlate with ancestry? Edinburgh Journal of Botany. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S096042861600007X

Freitas, C., A. W. Meerow, J-C. Pintaud, A. Henderson, L. Noblick, F. R. C. Costa., C. E. Barbosa, D. Barrington. 2016. Phylogenetic analysis of Attalea (Arecaceae): insights into the historical biogeography of a recently diversified Neotropical plant group. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12466.

Griffith, M. P. 2016. Ready for the Next Hurricane? Public Garden 31(3):8-9.

Jestrow, B., B. Peguero, F. Jiménez, W. Cinea, M. Hass, A. Reeve, A. W. Meerow, M. P. Griffith, M. Maunder and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2016. Genetic diversity and differentiation of the Critically Endangered Hispaniolan palm Coccothrinax jimenezii M.M. Mejía & García based on novel SSR markers. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 66: 216-223.

McCluskey, K., A. Alvarez, A. R. Bennett, D. Bokati, K. Boundy-Mills, D. Brown, C. Bull, M. Coffey, T. Dreaden, C. Duke, G. Dye, E. Ehmke, K. Eversole, K. Fenstermacher, D. Geiser, J. A. Glaeser, S. Greene, L. Gribble, M. P. Griffith, K. Hanser, R. Humber, B. W. Johnson, A. Kermode, M. Krichevsky, M. Laudon, J. Leach, J. Leslie, M. May, U. Melcher, D. Nobles, N. R. Fonseca, S. Robinson, M. Ryan, J. Scott, C. Silflow, A. Vidaver, K. M. Webb, J. E. Wertz, S. Yentsch, and S. Zehr. 2016. The US Culture Collection Network lays the foundation for progress in preservation of valuable microbial resources. Phytopathology 106: 532-540.

Murphy, V., T. Clase, R. A. Rodríguez-Peña, F. Jiménez-Rodríguez, B. Jestrow, C. E. Husby, and M. P. Griffith. 2016. Conservation Horticulture for Yarey Palm and Buccaneer Palm: Substrate and Sowing Depth Effect Germination and Early Seedling Growth. HortTechnology. 26:811-815.

Noblick, L. R. 2016. Copernicia at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 210: 20-30.

Oviedo-Prieto, R., G. Brull-Puebla, L. Gonzalez-Oliva, M. Calonje and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2016. Preliminary results of Cuban Zamia research and conservation project. Cycads 1:28-29.

Sennikov, A.S., and M. Calonje. 2016. Proposals on distinguishing between later homonyms and isonyms,with further notes on type designations. Taxon 65:894-896.

Stauffer, F., L. Rametta, E. Ferreira, and L. Noblick. 2016. Lectotipificacion de los nombres descritos por J. Barbosa Rodrigues en la obra “Palmae novae Paraguayenses.” Candollea 71:105-115.

Tomlinson, P. B. 2016. The Botany of Mangroves. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press.

Vianna, S. A., S. M. Carmelo-Guerreiro, L. R. Noblick, and C. A. Colombo. 2016. Anatomy of Acrocromia (Arecaceae): an additional contribution to the taxonomic resolution of a genus with great economic potential. Plant Syst. Evol. DOI: 10.1007/s00606-016-1369-4.

Witcher, Ericka. 2016. Living Collections Data Management at Montgomery Botanical Center, United States. In J. Gratzfeld [ed.], From Idea to Realisation •••• BGCI’s Manual on Planning, Developing and Managing Botanic Gardens, 102. BGCI, Richmond, Surrey, UK.



Anderson, L. 2015. Beyond Botany. Public Garden 30(2): 20-21.

Anderson, L. 2015. The nutrient management program at Montgomery Botanical Center. Florida Turf Digest 32: 20-22.

Calonje, M. The Cycads of Montgomery Botanical Center: A Pictorial. The Cycad Newsletter 38(1): 8-9.

Calonje, M., G. Morales, C. Lopez-Gallego, and F. J. Roldan. 2015. A taxonomic revision of Zamia montana and Zamia oligodonta, with notes on their conservation status. Phytotaxa 192: 279-289.

Erdei, B. and S. R. Manchester. 2015. Ctenis clarnoensis sp. n., an Unusual Cycadalean Foliage from the Eocene Clarno Formation, Oregon. International Journal of Plant Sciences 176: 31-43.

Fotinos, T. D., S. Namoff, C. Lewis, M. P. Griffith, J. Maschinski, and E. J. B. von Wettberg. 2015. Genetic evaluation of a reintroduction of Sargent’s Cherry Palm, Pseudophoenix sargentii. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 142:51-62.

Goettsch, B., C. Hilton-Taylor, G. Cruz-Piñón, J. Duffy, A. Frances, H. Hernández, R. Inger, C. Pollock, J. Schipper, M. Superina, N. Taylor, M. Tognelli, A. Abba, S. Arias, H. Arreola-Nava, M. Baker, R. Bárcenas, D. Barrios, P. Braun, C. Butterworth, A. Búrquez, F. Caceres, M. Chazaro-Basañez, R. Corral-Díaz, M. del Valle Perea, P. Demaio, W. Duarte de Barros, R. Durán, L. Faúndez Yancas, R. Felger, B. Fitz-Maurice, W. Fitz-Maurice, G. Gann, C. Gómez-Hinostrosa, L. Gonzalez-Torres, M. P. Griffith, P. C. Guerrero, B.Hammel, K. Heil, J. G. Hernández-Oria, M. Hoffmann, M. I. Ishihara, R. Kiesling, J. Larocca, J. L. León de la Luz, C. Loaiza, M. Lowry, M. Machado, L. Majure, J. G. Martínez-Ávalos, C. Martorell, J. Maschinski, E. Méndez, R. Mittermeier, J. Nassar, V. Negrón-Ortiz, L. Oakley, P. Ortega-Baes, A. P. Ferreira, D. Pinkava, J. M. Porter, R. Puente-Martinez, J. R. Gamarra, P. S. Pérez, E. S. Martínez, M. Smith, J. Sotomayor M del C, S. Stuart, J. Luis T. Muñoz, T. Terrazas, M. Terry, M. Trevisson, T. Valverde, T. Van Devender, M. Véliz-Pérez, H. Walter, S. Wyatt, D. Zappi, A. Zavala-Hurtado, and K. Gaston. 2015. High proportion of cactus species threatened with extinction. Nature Plants 1, Article number: 15142 doi:10.1038/nplants.2015.142.

Griffith, M. P., M. Calonje, A. W. Meerow, F. Tut, A. T. Kramer, A. Hird, T. M. Magellan, and C. E. Husby. 2015. Can a botanic garden cycad collection capture the genetic diversity in a wild population? International Journal of Plant Sciences 176:1-10.

Idárraga, A. , M. Calonje & C. López-Gallego 2015-04-20. ZAMIACEAE. En Bernal, R., S.R. Gradstein & M. Celis (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Magellan, T. M., P. B. Tomlinson, and B. A. Huggett. 2015. Stem anatomy in the spiny american palm Bactris (Arecaceae-Bactridinae). Hoehnea 42(3): 567-579.

Magellan, T. M., M. P. Griffith, and P. B. Tomlinson. 2015. Distribution of gelatinous fibers in seedling roots of living cycads. American Journal of Botany. doi: 10.3732/ajb.150023.

Noblick, L. R. 2015. Butia: what we think we know about the genus. The Palm Journal 208: 5-23.

Noblick, L. R. and A. W. Meerow. 2015. The transfer of thegenus Lytocaryum to Syagrus. Palms 59: 57-62.

Peguero, B., F. Jimenez, P. A. Joseph, W. Cinea, M. P. Griffith, J. Francisco-Ortega, and B. Jestrow. 2015. Coccothrinax jimenezii – A Critically Endangered Palm from Hispaniola. Palms 59: 145-153.



Anderson, L. 2014. Saltwater Intrusion in the Biscayne Aquifer: A case study at the Montgomery Botanical Center. Florida Turf Digest 31: 10-14.

Calonje, C., M. Calonje, L. Knowles, and C. Husby. 2014. Variability of Vegetative Flush Colors in Zamia (Cycadales). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8(2):531-540.

Carey, E. L. Gape, B. N. Manco, D. Hepburn, R. L. Smith, L. Knowles, D. Knowles, M. Daniels, M. A. Vincent, E. Freid, B. Jestrow, M. P. Griffith, M. Calonje, A. W. Meerow, D. W. Stevenson, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2014. Plant Conservation Challenges in the Bahama Archipelago. Botanical Review 80.

Erdei, B. 2014. A cikászok különös világa 1. Nem pálmák és nem is páfrányok. Élet és Tudomány 2014(4): 102-104.

Erdei, B. 2014. A cikászok különös világa 2. Dinoszauruszok kortársai. Élet és Tudomány 2014(5): 147-149.

Griffith, M. P. 2014. Rumphius and Beekman: Proceedings of the Symposium for the 2011 David Fairchild Medal for Plant Exploration. Allertonia 13: 1-2.

Griffith, M. P. and D. H. Lorence (Eds.) 2014. Honoring Beekman and Rumphius: Proceedings of the 2011 David Fairchild Medal for Plant Exploration Symposium. Allertonia 13.

Griffith, M. P., T. M. Magellan and P. B. Tomlinson. 2014. Variation in leaflet structure in Cycas (Cycadales:Cycadaceae): Does anatomy follow phylogeny and geography? International Journal of Plant Sciences 175(2): 241-255.

Griffith, M.P., F. Tut, W. Mesh, and M. Calonje. 2014. Eighteen people, three horses and three dogs: a cycad conservation expedition in southern Belize. Encephalartos - Journal of the Cycad Society of South Africa 116: 17-22.

Husby, C. E., Delatorre-Herrera, J., Oberbauer, S. F., Grau, A., and Novara, L. 2014. Stomatal conductance patterns of Equisetum giganteum stems in response to environmental factors in South America. Botany 92: 701-712.

Meerow, A. W. , L. Noblick, D. E. Salas-Leiva, V. Sanchez, J. Francisco-Ortega, B. Jestrow, and K. Nakamura. 2014. Phylogeny and historical biogeography of the cocosoid palms (Arecaceae, Arecoideae, Cocoseae) inferred from sequences of six WRKY gene family loci. Cladistics. Doi: 10.1111/cla.12100.

Noblick, L. R. & R. Graveson. 2014. Announcing the Arrival of Nypa fruticans Fruit in St. Lucia. Palms 58: 101-102.

Noblick, L. R., H. Lorenzi, and V. C. Souza. 2014. Four new taxa of acaulescent Syagrus (Arecaceae) from Brazil. Phytotaxa 188(1): 001–013.

Peguero, B., F. Jimenez, P. A. Joseph, W. Cinea, M. P. Griffith, J. Francisco-Ortega, and B. Jestrow. 2015. Coccothrinax jimenezii – A Critically Endangered Palm from Hispaniola. Palms 59: 145-153.

Rodríguez-Peña, R. A., B. Jestrow, W. Cinea, A. Veloz, F. Jiménez-Rodríguez, R. García, A. W. Meerow, M. P. Griffith, M. Maunder, J. Francisco-Ortega. 2014. Conservation and genetics of two Critically Endangered Hispaniolan palms: genetic erosion of Pseudophoenix lediniana in contrast to P. ekmanii. Plant Systematics and Evolution. doi: 10.1007/s00606-014-1028-6.

Rodríguez-Peña, R. A., B. Jestrow, A. W. Meerow, T. Clase, M. P. Griffith, E. Santiago-Valentin, J. A. Sustache-Sustache, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2014. Genetic diversity and differentiation of Pseudophoenix (Arecaceae) in Hispaniola. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 176: 469–485.

Salas-Leiva, D., A.W. Meerow, J. Francisco-Ortega, M. Calonje, M. P. Griffith, D.W. Stevenson, and K. Nakamura. 2014. Conserved genetic regions across angiosperms help develop low copy nuclear markers in gymnosperms: an example using cycads. Molecular Ecology Resources. doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12228.

Tomlinson, P. B., T. M. Magellan, and M. P. Griffith. 2014. Root Contraction in Cycas and Zamia (Cycadales) Determined by Gelatinous Fibers. American Journal of Botany 101(8): 1275-1285.

Witcher, E. and M. Calonje. 2014. Using GIS to leverage plant collections for conservation BGJournal 11: 15-18.



Anderson, L. M. 2013. Green Industry Best Management Practices in a Tropical Garden. Public Garden 27(1): 9-11.

Calonje, M., A. W. Meerow, L. Knowles, D. Knowles, M. P. Griffith, K. Nakamura, J. Francisco-Ortega. 2013. Cycad biodiversity in the Bahamas Archipelago and conservation genetics of the Critically Endangered Zamia lucayana (Zamiaceae) Oryx 47: 190-198.

Cibrian Jaramillo, A., A. Hird, N. Oleas, H. Ma, A. W. Meerow, J. Francisco-Ortega, and M. P. Griffith. 2013. What is the Conservation Value of a Plant in a Botanic Garden? Using Indicators to Improve Management of ex situ Collections. Botanical Review.

Griffith M. P., E. Witcher, L. Noblick, and C. Husby. 2013. Palm stem shape correlates with hurricane tolerance, in a manner consistent with natural selection. Palms 57: 115-122.

Griffith, M. P., Francisco-Ortega, J., & Cibrian-Jaramillo, A. 2013. Special Issue on Genetics and Plant Conservation in Latin America. The Botanical Review 79(4): 447-448.

Husby, C. 2013. Biology and functional ecology of Equisetum with emphasis on the giant horsetails. Botanical Review 79: 147-177.

Kay, J. 2013. Improved efficiencies for a plant sharing programme. Gardenwise 40: 19-23.

Lindstrom. A., M. Calonje, D. Stevenson, C. Husby and A. Taylor. 2013. Clarification of Zamia acuminata and a new Zamia species from Coclé Province, Panama. Phytotaxa 98: 27–42.

Magellan, T. M., S. Cuestas, C. Husby, and M. P. Griffith. 2013. Spent Coffee Grounds Do Not Control Cycad Aulacaspis Scale. HortTechnology 23(2): 201-206.

Magellan, T. M. 2013. Service Learning at Colleges and Universities. Public Garden 28(2): 10-13.

Majure, L. C., R. Puente, M. P. Griffith, D. E. Soltis, and W. S. Judd. 2013. Opuntia lilae, another Tacinga hidden in Opuntia s.l. (Cactaceae). Systematic Botany 38: 444-450.

Martel, C., L. Noblick, and F. W. Stauffer. 2013. An anatomical character to support the cohesive unit of Butia species. Palms 57(1): 30-35.

Murphy, V., K. Moore, M. P. Griffith and C. Husby. 2013. Improving conservation through cultivation: nine container substrates influence growth of a rare cycad, Zamia pumila L. HortScience 48: 1168-1172.

Noblick, L. R. 2013. Leaflet anatomy verifies relationships within Syagrus (Arecaceae) and aids in identification. PhytoKeys 26: 75–99.

Noblick, L. R. 2013. Syagrus - an overview. The Palm Journal 205: 4-32.

Noblick, L. R. 2013. Syagrus stenopetala, a good species. Palms 57: 147-149.

Noblick, L. R., W. J. Hahn, and M. P. Griffith. 2013. Structural cladistic study of Cocoseae, subtribe Attaleinae (Arecaceae): Evaluating taxonomic limits in Attaleinae and the neotropical genus Syagrus. Brittonia 65(2): 232-261.

Oleas, N. B. Jestrow, M. Calonje, B. Peguero, F. Jiménez, R. Rodríguez-Peña, R. Oviedo, E. Santiago-Valentín, A. W. Meerow, M. Abdo, M. Maunder, M. P. Griffith, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2013. Molecular Systematics of Threatened Seed Plant Species Endemic in the Caribbean Islands. Botanical Review. doi:10.1007/s12229-013-9130-y.

Osborne, R., M. A. Calonje, K. D. Hill, L. Stanberg, and D. W. Stevenson. 2013. CITES and Cycads: Checklist 2013. Pp. 63-114 in Rutherford, C., J. Donaldson, A. Hudson, H. N. McGough, M. Sajeva, U. Schippmann, and M. Tse-Laurence. 2013. CITES and Cycads, a user's guide. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Salas-Leiva, D., A. W. Meerow, M. Calonje, M. P. Griffith, J. Francisco-Ortega, D. W. Stevenson, K. Nakamura, C. E. Lewis, S. Namoff. 2013. Phylogeny of the cycads based on multiple single copy nuclear genes: congruence of concatenation and species tree inference methods. Annals of Botany. doi: 10.1093/aob/mct192.

Taylor Blake, A.S., G. Holzman, M. Calonje, and C. E. Miranda. 2013. Zamia lindleyi Warsz. ex A. Dietr., a Western Highland Endemic of the Isthmus of Panama. The Cycad Newsletter 36: 6-11.



Calonje, M., H. E. Esquivel, G. Morales, Y. A. Mora-Lizcano, and D. Stevenson. 2012. A new arborescent species of Zamia (Cycadales, Zamiaceae) from the Department of Huila, Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. Caldasia 34: 283-290.

Calonje, M. and C. Calonje. 2012. Phenology of Dioon spinulosum in South Florida. The Cycad Newsletter 35: 15.

Calonje, M. A., A. S. Taylor Blake, D. Wm. Stevenson, G. Holzman, and Y. A. Ramos. 2012. Zamia lindleyi, a misunderstood species from the highlands of Western Panama. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106: 419-437.

de Laubenfels, D. J., C. E. Husby, and M. P. Griffith. 2012. Further Nomenclatural Action for the Cypresses (Cupressaceae). Novon 22: 8-15.

Griffith, M. P., M. A. Calonje, D. W. Stevenson, C. E. Husby, and D. P. Little. 2012. Time, place, and relationships: cycad phenology in a phylogenetic and biogeographic context. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106: 59-81.

Griffith, M. P., J. Sustache, J. Francisco-Ortega, and E. Santiago-Valentin. 2012. Cactus, succulent, and pachycaul flora of Mona Island. Haseltonia 18: 56-66.

Husby, C., L. Danielson, L. Noblick, P. Griffith, and A. Strader. 2012. Coccothrinax at the Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 202: 12-19.

Husby, C., L. Danielson, A. Strader, and E. Witcher. 2012. Chamaedorea at the Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 199: 42-45.

Husby, C. and G. Tasker.  2012. The Colonel's Conifers. The Tropical Garden.  67(1): 40-45.

Laubengayer, K., S. Zona, E. Santiago-Valentín, C. Husby & J. Francisco-Ortega. 2012. Morphometric analysisof Aiphanes minima (Arecaceae) across the Antilles. Harvard Papers in Botany. 17: 299–305.

Majure, L. C., R. Puente, M. P. Griffith, W. S. Judd, P. S. Soltis, and D. E. Soltis. 2012. Phylogeny of Opuntia s.s. (Cactaceae): Clade delineation, geographic origins, and reticulate evolution. American Journal of Botany 99: 847-864 or doi. 10.3732/ajb.1100375.

Meerow, A. W., J. Francisco-Ortega, M. Calonje, M. P. Griffith, T. Alaya-Silva, D. W. Stevenson, and K.Nakamura. 2012. Zamia (Cycadales: Zamiaceae) on Puerto Rico: Asymmetric Genetic Differentiation and the Hypothesis of Multiple Introductions. American Journal of Botany 99 (11) doi: 10.3732/ajb.1200494.

Murphy, V. L. 2012. Evaluation of Inorganic and Organic Substrates on the Growth of Zamia pumila. Master's Thesis, University of Florida.

Noblick, L.R. 2012. Identifying Coccothrinax. The Palm Journal 202: 4-11.

Noblick, L. R. 2012. Exploring for Palms in French Guiana. Palms 56: 116-130.

Noblick, L. R. 2012. Syagrus x mirandina, a naturally occurring hybrid of S. coronata and S. microphylla. Palms. 57-60.

Osborne, R,. M. A. Calonje, K. D. Hill, L. Stanberg, and D. Wm. Stevenson. 2012. The world list of cycads. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106: 480-507.

Reichard, S., H. Liu, and C. Husby. 2012. Is managed relocation of rare plants another pathway for biological invasions? In J. Maschinski and K. E. Haskins (Eds.), Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate (pp. 243-261), Island Press, Washington, DC.

Santiago-Valentin, E. J. Sustache, J. Francisco-Ortega, C. Figueroa-Hernandez, J. Fuemero-Caban, and P. Griffith. 2012. Pseudophoenix sargentii on Mona Island: Conservation Survey and a New Discovery. Palms 56(3): 78-90.

Tomlinson, P. B. 2012. Rescuing Robert Brown-The Origins of Angio-Ovuly in Seed Cones of Conifers. The Botanical Review published online: 13 November 2012, doi: 10.1007/s12229-012-9104-5.

Witcher, E. 2012. A Garden's-Eye View: Botanic Garden Adds New Tools-GIS and Remote Imagery. ArcNews ERSI Vol. 34(1):34.


Anderson, L., and P. Griffith. 2011. Principles and principes: William Lyman Phillips and the palm collection at Montgomery. Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed landscapes 31(3): 196-203.

Calonje, M. 2011. Phenology of Cycas revoluta in South Florida. The Cycad Newsletter 34(2-3):42.

Calonje, M., H. E. Esquivel, D. Stevenson, C. Calonje and D. Pava. 2011.A new arborescent species of Zamia from the Central Cordillera of Tolima, Colombia (Cycadales, Zamiaceae), with comments on the Z. poeppigiana species complex. Brittonia 63: 442-451.

Calonje, M., J. Kay, and M. P. Griffith. 2011. Propagation of cycad collections from seed: applied reproductive biology for conservation. Sibbaldia 9: 77-96.

Calonje, M., L. Knowles, D.Knowles, A. Meerow, C.Calonje, R. Adams, L. Johnson, S. Gilmer, P. Griffith, and J. Francisco-Ortega.2011. Following the steps of Donovan and Helen Correll: Exploring for cycads in TheBahama Archipelago. The Tropical Garden 66(4): 33-39.

Husby, C. E., J. Delatorre, V. Oreste, S. F. Oberbauer, D. T. Palow, L. Novara, and A. Grau. 2011. Salinity tolerance ecophysiology of Equisetum giganteum in South America: a study of 11 sites providing a natural gradient of salinity stress. AoB Plants doi: 10.1093/aobpla/plr022

Goldman, D.H., M R. Klooster, M. P. Griffith, M. F. Fay, & M. W. Chase. A preliminary evaluation of the ancestry of a putative Sabal hybrid (Arecaceae: Coryphoideae), and the description of a new nothospecies, Sabal × brazoriensis. Phytotaxa 27: 8–25.

Griffith P., C. Lewis, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2011. Palm conservation in a botanic garden: a case study of the Keys Thatch Palm. Palms 55: 93-101.

Griffith P., A. Strader, T. Magellan, and L. Noblick. 2011. Roystonea and Pseudophoenix: essential palms at Montgomery Botanical Center. The PalmJournal 196: 9-11.

Kay, J., A Strader, V. Murphy, L. Nghiem-Phu, M. Calonje, and M. P. Griffith. 2011. Palma Corcho: A Case Study in Botanic Garden Conservation Horticulture and Economics. HortTechnology 21(4):474-481.

Magellan, T. M., Montagnini, F. and Montero, J. 2011. Diversity of Lepidoptera in Pure and Mixed Plantations of Eight Native Tree Species at La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. In F. Montagnini and C. Finney (Eds.) Restoring Degraded Landscapes with Native Species in Latin America. Hauppauge: Nova Press, pp. 127-144.

Namoff, S., A. Veloz, F. Jiménez, R.A. Rodríguez-Peña, B. Peguero, C. Lewis, J. Moynihan, M. Abdo, M. Maunder, E. von Wettberg, A.W. Meerow, M.P. Griffith , and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2011. Sweet drinks are made of this: conservation genetics of an endemic palm species from the Dominican Republic. Journal of Heredity 102: 1-10.

Noblick, L. R. 2011. Coccothrinax barbadensis, new for Montserrat. Palms 55: 46-47.

Noblick, L. R. 2011. Validation of the name Butia odorata. Palms 55: 48-49.

Tomlinson, P.B. and B. A. Huggett. 2011. Axillary meristems in the Wollemi pine: a response to Geoffrey E. Burrows. Annals of Botany; doi: 10.1093/aob/mcr262.

Witcher, E. and P. Griffith. 2011. Remote sensing as a botanic garden tool. Arnoldia 69:23-32. 


Calonje C. and M. Calonje. 2010. Cold winter precedes mast coning year for female Cycas panzhihuaensis plants at Montgomery Botanical Center. Encephalartos 102: 7-10.

Calonje, C, C. Husby, and M. Calonje. 2010. Germination and Early Seedling Growth of Rare Zamia spp. in Organic and Inorganic Substrates: Advancing Ex Situ Conservation Horticulture. HortScience 45:679-683.

Calonje, M., A. W. Meerow, and D. W. Stevenson. 2010. The typification of Zamia erosa and the priority of that name over Z. amblyphyllidia. Taxon 59: 637-642.

Calonje, M. D. Stevenson, C. Calonje, Y. A. Ramos, and A. Lindstrom. 2010. A new species of Zamia from Chocó, Colombia (Cycadales, Zamiaceae). Brittonia 62: 80-85.

Cole, I. and M. J. Balick. 2010. Lunar Influences: Understanding chemical variation and seasonal impacts onbotanicals.HerbalGram 85: 50-56.

Dowe, J. L. 2010. Australian Palms: Biogeography, Ecology, and Systematics. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.

Edelman, S., and Griffith, M.P. 2010. Mangrove and Brazilian pepper in the garden: A case study of vegetation change over 80 years. Davidsonia 20(2):51-64.

Griffith, M. P., I. L. Danielson, C.D. Bacon, and L. R. Noblick. 2010. Pritchardia challenges at the Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 193: 28-30.  

Griffith, P., and C. Husby. 2010. The price of conservation: measuring the mission and its cost. BGJournal 7: 12-14.

Griffith, M. P., C. E. Husby, and M. Calonje. 2010. Cycad collections development in the modern context: Challenges, opportunities, investments and outcomes. Proc. of the 4th Global Botanic Gardens Congress.

Griffith, P., and M. Calonje. 2010. The Sinkhole Cycad of Belize: Conservation Horticulture and a New Discovery. 2009 AZH Conference Proceedings: 26-28.

Harshaw, J. and S. Cuestas. 2010. Australian Cycads at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Cycad Newsletter 32: 4-5.

Husby C., Determann, R., Moyroud R. and Hall, B. 2010.  Les plantes de nouvelle-calédonie dans les établissements botaniques d’Amérique du nord: un intérêt grandissant pour une flore extraordinairement belle et unique.  Ethnopharmacologia 46:13-16.

Husby, C. E., H. Liu. S. H. Reichard. 2010. Weed risk assessment for botanic garden decision making. Proc. of the 4th Global Botanic Gardens Congress.

Leitman, P., A. Henderson, and L. Noblick. 2010. Arecaceae. Pp. 665-675 in R. Campostrini Forzza et al. 2010. Catálogo de plantas e fungos do Brasil - Volume 1. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.

Lorenzi, H., L. R. Noblick, F. Kahn, and E. Ferreira. 2010. Brazilian flora Lorenzi: Arecaceae (Palms). Instituto Plantarum, Nova Odessa.

Magellan, T. M. 2010. Book Review of The Global Migrations of Ornamental Plants: How the World Got into Your Garden.  Economic Botany 64(2):183-184.

Magellan, T. M. 2010. Book Review of Fundamentals of Tree-Ring Research. Economic Botany 64(4):390-391.

Namoff, S., C. E. Husby, J. Francisco-Ortega, L. R. Noblick, C. E. Lewis, and M. P. Griffith. 2010. How well does a botanical garden collection of a rare palm capture the genetic variation in a wild population? Biological Conservation 143:1110-1117.

Noblick, L. R., and H. Lorenzi. 2010. Lytocaryum, Including a New Species from Brazil. Palms 54:18-42.

Noblick, L. R., and H. Lorenzi. 2010. New Syagrus Species from Brazil. Palms 54:18-42.


Calonje, M. 2009. A new cliff-dwelling species of Zamia (Zamiaceae) from Belize. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 31: 23-29.

Calonje, M., C. Husby, and P. Griffith. 2009. The Cycad Collection at Montgomery Botanical Center. Public Garden 24: 25-27.

Calonje, M. and J. Meerman. 2009. What is Zamia prasina (Zamiaceae: Cycadales)? Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 31: 43-49.

Calonje, M., J. Meerman, P. Griffith, and G. Hoese. 2009. A new species of Zamia (Zamiaceae) from the Maya Mountains of Belize. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 31: 31-41.

Griffith, M. P. 2009. Evolution of leaf and habit characters in Opuntioideae (Cactaceae): reconstruction of ancestral form. Bradleya 27: 49-58.

Griffith, M. P. 2009. Pereskia, Portulacaceae, photosynthesis, and phylogenies: implications for early Cactaceae. Haseltonia 14: 37-45.

Griffith, M. P. J. L. Dowe, L. R. Noblick, and I. L. Danielson. 2009. Archontophoenix at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 192: 12-14.

Griffith, M. P. and J. M. Porter. 2009. Phylogeny of Opuntioideae (Cactaceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 107-116.

Noblick, L. R. 2009. Dr. Sidney Fredrick Glassman (1919-2008). Palms 53: 153-155.

Noblick L. R. 2009. Syagrus evansiana, a new palm from Minas Gerais, Brazil. Palms 53: 113-118.

Meerow, A, L. Noblick, J. Borrone, T. Couvreur, M. Mauro-Herrera, W. Hahn, D. Kuhn, K. Nakamura, N. Oleas, R. Schnell. 2009. Phylogenetic Analysis of Seven WRKY Genes Across the Palm Subtribe Attaleinae (Areceaceae)Identifies Syagrus as Sister Group of the Coconut. PLoS ONE 4: e7353.


Anderson, L. and M. P. Griffith. 2008. Palms, turf, budgets, and priorities: strategic horticulture management at MBC. Palms 52: 59-62.

Bennett, B. and C. E. Husby. 2008. Patterns of medicinal plant use: an examination of the Ecuadorian Shuar medicinal flora using contingency table and binomial analysis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 116: 422-430.

Griffith, M. P., L. R. Noblick, and A. A. Strader. 2008. Sabal collections at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 189: 8-9.

Griffith, M. P., L. R. Noblick, J. L. Dowe, C. E. Husby, and M. Calonje. 2008. Cyclone tolerance in New World Arecaceae: biogeographic variation and abiotic natural selection. Annals of Botany 102: 591-598.

Noblick, L. R., C. E. Husby, and M. P. Griffith. 2008. The Palm Collection at Montgomery Botanical Center. Public Garden 23:26-29.

Pintaud, J., G. Galeano, H. Balslev, R. Bernal, F. Borchsenius, E. Ferreira, J.-J. de Granville, K. Mejía, B. Millán, M. Moraes, L. Noblick, F. W. Stauffer, and F. Kahn. 2008. Las palmeras de América del Sur: diversidad, distribución e historia evolutiva. Review of Peruvian Biology 15: 7-29.

Tang, W., T. Gregory, I. Terry, and M. Calonje. 2008. TCS sponsors cycad expedition to China. The Cycad Newsletter 31(4): 4-9.


Calonje, M. 2007. History, Growth Rate, and Phenology of Microcycas calocoma in South Florida. The Cycad Newsletter 30: 20-21.

Calonje, M. 2007. Phenology of Dioon merolae. The Cycad Newsletter 30: 11.

Calonje, M. 2007. Growth and phenology of Zamia inermis at Montgomery Botanical Centre. Encephalartos 91: 21-22.

Calonje M. 2007. A Brief Visit to the Ceroxylons of Cocora Valley, Colombia. The Palmateer 27(2): 11-14.

Griffith, M. P. and M. Calonje. 2007. Ex situ horticultural conservation of Cycas micronesica, an endangered cycad species. Association of Zoological Horticulture 2007 Conference Proceedings.

Husby, C. E. , E. A. Stasny, D. A. Wolfe, and J. Frey. 2007. Cautionary note on unbalanced ranked-set sampling. Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation 77: 869–878.

Lopez-Gallego, C. 2007. Interested in Contributing to Cycad Conservation? Guidelines for Establishing Your Own Population Monitoring Program. The Cycad Newsletter 30: 36-37.

Noblick, L. R. 2007. The Attalea of Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 185: 12-20.

Wiese, C. and C. Mannion. 2007. Managing Cycad Aulacaspis Scale (Aulacaspis yasumatusi Takagi) at Montgomery Botanical Center, USA. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 97; Proceedings of Cycad 2005, the 7th International Conference on Cycad Biology: 64-72.


Lopez-Gallego, C. 2006. Can cycads persist in disturbed habitats? A study of local adaptation of Zamia fairchildiana populations to disturbed forests in Costa Rica. The Cycad Newsletter 29: 8-9.

Noblick, L. R.. 2006. The Grassy Butia: Two New Species and a New Combination. Palms 50: 167-178.

Noblick, L. R. 2006. The Attalea of Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 185: 12-20.

Noblick, L. R., M. P. Griffith, and I. L. Danielson. 2006. Montgomery Botanical Center's Ptychosperma and Veitchia collections. The Palm Journal 183: 16-18.

Roberts, R. E. , R. O. Woodbury, and J. Popenoe. 2006. Vascular Plants of Jonathan Dickenson State Park. Florida Scientist 69: 288-327.


Andrews, M. 2005. Syagrus at Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 179: 14-16.

Chaw S. M., T. W. Walters, C. C. Chang, S. H. Hu, and S. H. Chen. 2005. A phylogeny of cycads (Cycadales) inferred from chloroplast matK gene, trnK intron, and nuclear rDNA ITS region. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 214-234.

Griffith, M. P. 2005. Étonnant, non? L’étrange palmier bonbonne du Montgomery Botanical Center. Latania (Réunion) 14: 33.

Griffith, M. P. 2005. In Pursuit of Plants. Experiences of Nineteenth & Early Twentieth Century Plant Collectors by P. Short (review). Economic Botany 59: 98.

Griffith, M. P.  2005. Un palmier bouteille peu commun au Centre Botanique de Montgomery (Floride). Le Palmier (France) 45: 17.

Griffith, M. P., and M. A. Andrews. 2005. Colonel Robert and Nell Montgomery: Growing their legacy. Preservation Today 2005: 26-27.

Noblick, Larry. 2005. A Syagrus update. The Palm Journal 179: 5-8.

Wiese, C., D. Amalin, R. Coe, and C. Mannion. 2005. Effects of the parasitic wasp, Coccobius fulvus, on cycad aulacaspis scale, Aulacaspis yasumatsui, at Montgomery Botanical Center, Miami, Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 118: 319-321.


Andrews, M. 2004. Nypa fruticans: The Nypas of Montgomery Botanical Center. The Palm Journal 177: 8-11.

Emshousen, C. and C. Mannion. 2004. Taming Asian Cycad Scale (Aulacaspis yasumatsui).The Cycad Newsletter 27(1): 8-10.

Noblick, L. R. 2004. Syagrus cearensis, a twin-stemmed new palm from Brazil. Palms 48(2): 70-76.

Noblick, L. R. 2004. Syagrus vermicularis, a fascinating new palm from northern Brazil. Palms 48(3): 109-116.

Noblick, L. R. 2004. Transfer of  Syagrus campicola to Butia. Palms 48(1): 42.

Emshousen, C. 2004. Management of Cycad Aulacaspis yasumatsui Takagi. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 117: 305-307.

Walters, T., and R. Osbourne (eds.). 2004. Cycad Classification: Concepts and Recommendations. CABI Publishing, Cambridge.

Walters, T. W. 2004. What exactly is a population-based botanical garden collection? The Cycad Newsletter 27: 4-5.


Andrews, M. A. 2003. Nypa fruticans. Palms 47: 169.

Gregory, T. J., J. Chemnick, S. Salas-Morales, and A. P. Vovides. 2003. A new species in the genus Dioon (Zamiaceae) from north-central Oaxaca, Mexico. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 471-476.

Walters, T. W. 2003. Off-Site Collections. pp. 48-53 in Donaldson, J. (ed.) 2003. Status survey and conservation action plan: Cycads. IUCN (World Conservation Union), Switzerland.

Walters, T. W., and R. Osborne. 2003. Montgomery Botanical Center's CCC Workshop.Encephalartos 73: 33-35.

Walters, T. W. 2003. Cycad focus: Cycas panzhihuanensis. The Cycad Newsletter 26: 10-11.


Andrews, M. A. 2002. Veni, Vedi, Veitchia. The Palm Journal 165: 22-24.

Bao X., S. Katz, M. Pollard, and J. Ohlrogge. 2002. Carbocyclic fatty acids in plants: biochemical and molecular genetic characterization of cyclopropane fatty acid synthesis of Sterculia foetida. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99: 7172–7177.

Walters, T. W. 2002. Collections Development: Mexican Rendevous. Encephalartos 72: 25-27.


Walters, T. W., E. Schroyer, and S. Cuestas. 2001. Montgomery Botanical Center's cycad collection: a 2001 update on the collections. The Cycad Newsletter 24: 8-11.


Walters, T. W. 1999. Off-site cycad preservation I. What is off-site preservation? The Cycad Newsletter 22(1): 10-12.

Walters, T. W. 1999. Off-site cycad preservation II. How to develop off-site collections. The Cycad Newsletter 22(2): 9-22.

Walters, T. W. 1999. Off-site cycad preservation III. A final look at off-site collections. The Cycad Newsletter 22(3): 8-11.

Yang S. L., T. W. Walters, D. Decker-Walters. 1999. Systematic implications of allozyme data of Chinese cycads. Biology and Conservation of Cycads 187-197.


Noblick, L. R. 1998.  Predicting cold hardiness in palms.  Hardy Palm International 35: 30-35.

Walters, T. W. 1998. Palms and People: a symposium summary.  Palms 42: 195-197.

Willis, L.E., T. E. Marler, and C. Hubbuch. 1998. Leaf gas exchange of 20 palm species under field conditions. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 10: 346-356.


Walters, T. W., E. Shroyer, and L. Anderson. 1997. Scale and South Florida Cycas.  The Cycad Newsletter 20: 13-15.

Zuckerman, B. 1997. The Montgomery Story. The Montgomery Foundation, Inc.


Fisher J.B., J. N. Burch, and L. R. Noblick. 1996. Stem structure of the Cuban Belly Palm (Gastrococcus crispa). Principes 40: 125–128.

Marler, T. E., and D. Willis.  1996. Chemical or air-root pruning containers improve carambola, longan, and mango seedling root morphology and initial root growth after transplanting.  Journal of Environmental Horticulture 14: 47-49.

Marler, T. E., and D. Willis.  1996. Root and stem growth patterns of young 'Mauritius' lychee trees.  HortScience 31: 815-818.

Noblick, L.R. 1996.  Syagrus.  The Palm Journal 126: 12-44.

Walters, T. W. 1996. Welcome to the Montgomery Foundation: The Present and Future. The Cycad Newsletter 19: 3.


Noblick, L. R. 1994. The morphology and taxonomy of the Arecaceae (Palmae). Acta Horticulturae 360: 19-25.

Noblick, L. R. 1994. Palms of Bahia. Acta Horticulturae 360: 85-93.


Willis, L.E., and T.E. Marler. 1992. Root and Shoot Growth Patterns of 'Julie' and 'Keitt' Mango Trees. Acta Horticulturae 341: 264-270.


Jordahn, A. C. 1949. Observations on the propagation of palms. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 62:240-242.


Jordahn, A. 1946. Promising new palm introductions. Proceeding of the Florida State Horticultural Society 59: 135-137.


Montgomery R. H. 1939. Fifty years of accountancy. The Ronald Press Company, New York.

Montgomery R. H. 1939. The Fairchild Tropical Garden. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 52:48-50.


Montgomery R. H. 1937. The Fairchild Tropical Garden. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 50:62-63.


Montgomery, R. H. 1935. A palmetum in south Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 48:172-173.



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